Zhejiang, formerly known as Chekiang is a province on the east coast of China. It derives its name from the Zhe River (now known as Qiantang River) that passes through the province. The name in Chinese means ‘Broken’ or ‘Crooked River’. It is bordered by Jiangsu and Shanghai to the North, Anhui, and Jiangxi to the West, and Fujian to the south. Being surrounded by the East China sea to the east of it, Zhejiang is considered to have the longest coast in China.
The province mostly consists of hills with approximately only a fourth of the province consisting of plains and basins. It is also said to have the largest number of Islands, 3,000 in total, including the Zhouian Islands which is a collection of many small islands. Zhejiang’s climate is mainly a humid subtropical climate. There is however a notable difference between the coastal and highland regions of the province. The hilly interiors receive considerably more rainfall than the coastal region. The coastal region is also known to be prone to tropical cyclones especially around summer and early autumn.
Zhejiang is considered China’s backbone given that it’s the driving force behind China’s economy. It’s one of the most prosperous provinces ranking fourth in GDP nationally and 5th in GDP per capita. Its economy is mainly made up of agriculture, textile, electromechanics industries, and construction material. It remains one of China’s greatest cultural and literacy centers, whose landscape is popular for its aesthetic scenes.
Zhejiang Province, abbreviated as “Zhe,” is a provincial-level administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. Its capital city is Hangzhou. Located in the southeastern coastal region of China, it is situated in the southern wing of the Yangtze River Delta. It borders the East China Sea to the east, Shanghai and Jiangsu to the north, Fujian to the south, and Anhui and Jiangxi to the west. Geographically, it spans between latitude 27°02′ and 31°11′ north, and longitude 118°01′ and 123°10′ east. As of 2022, Zhejiang Province has jurisdiction over 11 prefecture-level cities, 37 county-level districts, 20 county-level cities, and 33 counties (including one autonomous county), with a population of approximately 65.77 million residents.
Zhejiang Province, located in the southeastern coastal region of China, covers an area of 105,500 square kilometers.
The largest river within its borders is the Qiantang River, which is commonly referred to as the “Jiang” due to its meandering course, giving the province its name, Zhejiang.
It extends from Shengshan Town in Shengsi County, Zhoushan City, in the east, to Suzhuang Town in Kaihua County, Quzhou City, in the west, with an east-west span of 450 kilometers.
It stretches from Meishan Town in Changxing County, Huzhou City, in the north, to Xiaguang Town in Cangnan County, Wenzhou City, in the south, with a north-south span of 450 kilometers.
To the east, it faces the East China Sea, to the south, it borders Fujian, and to the west, it connects with Anhui and Jiangxi. It shares borders with Shanghai and Jiangsu to the north.
why called Zhejiang province?
Zhejiang Province is named after its largest river, the Qiantang River. The river has a winding course, and in ancient times, it was commonly referred to as the “Zhe River” due to its meandering nature. Over time, the province came to be known as “Zhejiang,” which literally translates to “Zhe River.” The name stuck and has been used to refer to the region ever since.
The upstream of the Qiantang River is called the Fuchun River. The Qiantang River, known as “Zhe” in ancient times, is officially named “Zhejiang.” It is also referred to as “Zhe River,” “Zhi River,” or “Luosha River.” The section of the river in Fuyang, Zhejiang, is commonly known as the Fuchun River, while the section in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, is referred to as the Qiantang River.
What is the capital of Zhejiang province?
The capital of Zhejiang Province is Hangzhou. Whether by water or land, Hangzhou is undoubtedly the transportation hub of Zhejiang. In history, Hangzhou was also known as Lin’an and served as the capital during the Southern Song Dynasty. It has long been renowned as a paradise on Earth, often associated with famous stories and legends such as Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, Bai Niangzi, as well as well-known attractions like the Qiantang River tidal bore, Lingyin Temple, Leifeng Pagoda, West Lake, and Fengbo Pavilion. Therefore, Hangzhou rightfully serves as the capital of Zhejiang.
How Many Cities in Zhejiang?
The large province of Zhejiang is divided into 11 cities referred to as prefectural-level cities. The capital is Hangzhou, which also happens to be the largest city in the province. Other notable cities include Ningbo and Wenzhou. The full list of cities is as follows:
These 11 cities are then further subdivided into a total of 90 counties which include, one autonomous county, 20 county-level cities, 33 counties, and 36 districts. These counties are divided into a total of 1570 towns entailing 290 subdistricts, 761 towns, and 505 townships, 14 of which are ethnic townships.
Politically, Zhejiang’s government is structured as a dual-party government system. In this system, the highest-ranking government official is the Governor. Due to the dual system, however, the governor is considered a subordinate of the CPC Party Chief, that is, the Communist Party of China, Provincial Committee Secretary.
Yiwu is a city located in the Zhejiang Province of China. It is known for being a major international trading hub and is often referred to as the “World’s Supermarket.” Yiwu is famous for its wholesale markets, particularly the Yiwu International Trade City, which is the largest wholesale market for small commodities in the world.
The Yiwu International Trade City is a sprawling complex that consists of numerous market buildings, with each building dedicated to specific product categories such as clothing, accessories, toys, electronics, crafts, and more. The market attracts buyers and traders from all over the world who come to source a wide variety of products at competitive prices. It is estimated that thousands of stalls are housed within the market complex, offering an extensive range of goods.
Apart from its wholesale markets, Yiwu also has a rich cultural heritage and several notable attractions. The most famous is the Meihu Exhibition Center, which showcases traditional Chinese ceramics and artwork. The Hengdian World Studios, located nearby, is a massive film and television production complex often referred to as “China’s Hollywood.” It has been the filming location for numerous Chinese historical dramas and movies.
Yiwu has a well-developed transportation system, with Yiwu Railway Station connecting it to major cities in China. Additionally, the Yiwu Airport offers domestic and international flights, facilitating trade and travel.
Overall, Yiwu is a bustling city renowned for its wholesale markets, attracting businesses and traders from around the globe, and playing a significant role in China’s international trade.
The population of Zhejiang Province China.
Zhejiang is ranked the 10th most populated province in China with approximately 57 million people. About two-fifths of the population is settled in the Lake Tai plain and Hangzhou Bay coast. The rest of the population is spread out in the various cities and towns. Among the most populated cities are Wenzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Taizhou, and Jinhua.
The majority of the population at Zhejiang is made up of the Han people who speak varieties of Wu Chinese. The population also consists of 400,000 ethnic minority members, of which the She people make up half of that number. The Jingning She people inhabit the only She autonomous county in China. You will also find some of them in mountainous regions like Wenzhou and Lishui. Other ethnic minority groups in Zhejiang are the Hui who is approximately 20,000, as well as the Manchu, Tujia, Buyi, and Hmong minorities.
In terms of religion, a large majority of the population (approximately 74%) are either a part of folk religious sects, Taoists, or Buddhists. There is a small percentage that identifies as Christians, either Catholics or Protestants. Another small number, mainly the Hui practice Islam, while the She practice a religion known as She Shamanism.
What language is spoken in Zhejiang?
The distribution of dialects in Zhejiang is quite complex, with various Chinese dialects spoken, including Wu, Hui, Min, Hakka, Mandarin, Mánhuà, and Gan. The majority of Zhejiang residents belong to the Jiang-Zhe Min subgroup, which primarily uses Wu dialect. Additionally, due to the presence of the She ethnic minority, who speak Hakka dialect (known as Shehua), Standard Mandarin is commonly used throughout the province.
Here are the translations of the dialects in Zhejiang into English:
Wu dialect: Wu dialect is the most widely spoken and important language in Zhejiang, with the largest number of speakers.
Hui dialect: Hui dialect is spoken in certain western regions of Zhejiang, adjacent to Anhui Province, with approximately 900,000 speakers, mostly belonging to the Yanzhou dialect subgroup.
Min dialect: Min dialect is spoken in southern regions of Zhejiang, adjacent to Fujian Province, with approximately 1.6 million speakers.
Mandarin: Mandarin is spoken in certain northwestern regions of Zhejiang, near the border with Anhui Province, with approximately 550,000 speakers. The majority of Mandarin speakers are migrants from Henan, followed by Hubei, with the least being speakers of the Hongzhou dialect subgroup of Jianghuai Mandarin.
Dialect islands: Mandarin, Min dialect, Hakka dialect, Gan dialect, Wu dialect, Wei dialect, Bei dialect, Jiu Xing Fishermen dialect.
Ethnic groups in Zhejiang Province
In Zhejiang province, the She ethnic minority constitutes the majority among the minority groups, with a predominantly rural population. They have a characteristic combination of dispersed and clustered settlements, mainly distributed in the cities of Wenzhou, Lishui, Hangzhou, Jinhua, and Ningbo. Zhejiang province is home to the only She autonomous county in China, called Jingning She Autonomous County.
In 1964, Zhejiang had only 23 ethnic minority groups, which increased to 33 by 1982 and 53 by 1990. By 2010, Zhejiang officially gathered all 55 ethnic minority groups recognized in the province. As of 2020, the total population of ethnic minorities in Zhejiang exceeded 2.2 million.
In terms of regional distribution, the 2.2 million ethnic minority population in Zhejiang is not evenly distributed across the province. Over 60% of the ethnic minority population is concentrated in four areas: Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou, and Jinhua. Among them, Jinhua has the highest number of ethnic minorities, with over 400,000 people, followed by Wenzhou, Ningbo, and Hangzhou.
In terms of the types of ethnic minorities, there are 17 ethnic minority groups with a population of over 10,000 people in Zhejiang. The Miao ethnic group has the largest population in Zhejiang, with approximately 570,000 people, followed by the Tujia ethnic group with around 318,800 people, and the Buyi ethnic group with around 313,000 people. Additionally, the She, Yi, Dong, and Zhuang ethnic groups each have a population exceeding 100,000 people.
religion in Zhejiang
Zhejiang province is home to five major religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Christianity. These religions have a long history and a large number of followers. Buddhism and Taoism have been present in Zhejiang for over 1,800 years, while Islam has a history of nearly 1,400 years in the province. Catholicism has been introduced to Zhejiang for almost 400 years, and Christianity for over 150 years. There are 13 key Buddhisttemples in Zhejiang, and Mount Putuo is one of the Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains in China. Guoqing Temple on Mount Tiantai is considered the ancestral temple of the Tendai school of Buddhism by Japan and South Korea, while Tiantong Temple in Ningbo is revered as the ancestral temple of the Soto school of Buddhism by Japan. Zhejiang is home to three of the Ten Sacred Mountains and Sacred Sites of Taoism. The Phoenix Mosque in Hangzhou is one of the four ancient mosques along the southeast coast of China.
Symbol of Zhejiang Province
The camphor tree is the provincial tree, and the orchid is the provincial flower of Zhejiang province.
The golden pine tree (tree of good fortune), ginkgo tree (tree of longevity), bamboo (bamboo of prosperity), and Chinese torreya (tree of blessings) are the characteristic trees of Zhejiang province. The plum blossom (flower of purity), lotus (flower of elegance), osmanthus (flower of heavenly fragrance), and camellia (flower of happiness) are the characteristic flowers of Zhejiang province.
Cultural Heritage of Zhejiang Province
Over 100 Neolithic sites have been discovered in Zhejiang province, including the Hemudu Culture dating back 7,000 years, the Majiabang Culture dating back 6,000 years, and the Liangzhu Culture dating back 5,000 years. Recently, the discovery of the Xiaoshan “Kuahuqiao Site” from the Neolithic period has also yielded abundant relics and artifacts. In 2005, Zhejiang province became the first in China to publish a list of provincial-level intangible cultural heritage. In 2006, it ranked first in the number of projects listed in the first batch of national-level intangible cultural heritage. In 2007, the provincial government announced the second batch of provincial-level intangible cultural heritage, totaling 225 items in 10 categories.
In the four batches of national-level intangible cultural heritage lists published by the State Council, Zhejiang has consistently ranked first in the number of selections in each batch, with a total of 217 items. West Lake in Hangzhou, the Zhejiang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, and the Zhejiang section of the Eastern Zhejiang Canal have been included in the World Cultural Heritage list, and Mount Jianglang has been included in the World Natural Heritage list.
what is opera in Zhejiang?
There are three major traditional opera forms in Zhejiang province: Yueju Opera, Shaoju Opera, and Wuju Opera.
Yueju Opera, formerly known as “Luodi Changshu,” originated from a popular storytelling form in Sheng County, Zhejiang. It evolved into a rural theatrical performance during the Qing dynasty and was previously known as Xiaoge Ban, Dedu Ban, or Shaoxing Wenxi. On September 17, 1925, it was officially referred to as “Yueju Opera” in an advertisement published in the Shanghai News.
Shaoju Opera, also known as “Shaoxing Luantan” or “Shaoxing Daban,” is popular in the regions of Shaoxing, Ningbo, Hangzhou, and Shanghai. It originated in Shaoxing and gained popularity in various counties of the region. In 1953, it was officially named Shaoju Opera.
Wuju Opera, commonly known as “Jinhua Opera,” is popular in the regions of Jinhua, Quzhou, Lishui, Taizhou, as well as in areas like Jiande, Chun’an, Tonglu in Hangzhou, and the northeastern part of Jiangxi province. It is named after the ancient name of Jinhua, which was Wuzhou. In the autumn of 1949, it was officially named Wuju Opera.
Well-known enterprises in Zhejiang
Alibaba Group: Despite facing various challenges in recent years, Alibaba Group remains the largest company in Zhejiang Province. Friends who use e-commerce platforms are familiar with its platforms such as Taobao, Tmall, and Alipay.
Rongsheng Holding Group: Many people may not be familiar with this company. Rongsheng Holding Group Co., Ltd. was established in 2006 based on Rongsheng Chemical Fiber Group. It is an investment holding company with investments in industries including petrochemicals, chemical fibers, real estate, logistics, and trade. The group has over 8,000 employees.
Geely Group: Geely Group was founded in 1986 and entered the automotive industry in 1997. It has a total asset value of about 330 billion yuan, with over 120,000 employees. Geely has been listed among the top 500 Chinese enterprises for seven consecutive years and enjoys a significant reputation domestically.
Qingshan Holding Group: Qingshan Holding Group is a well-known steel enterprise group in Zhejiang Province and is also a strong player, ranking 14th among private enterprises.
Hengyi Group: Zhejiang Hengyi Group Co., Ltd. is a large modern private enterprise specializing in the production of petrochemical and chemical fiber raw materials. Its headquarters is located in Zhejiang Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone.
Hangzhou Iron & Steel Group: Hangzhou Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd. was established in 1998 and is ranked 348th with a total asset value of 26.7425 billion yuan.
Dover International: Following the development strategy of “Excellence through Precision, Diversity to Victory,” Dover Group’s business segments include real estate, trade, investment, industry, hotel, and aviation.
Hailiang Group: Hailiang Group was founded in 1989 and is a large international comprehensive enterprise group engaged in non-ferrous material manufacturing, education, and the health industry (ecological agriculture, medical care, and elderly care). Its headquarters is located in Hangzhou.
Hangzhou Industrial Investment: Hangzhou Industrial Investment Group Co., Ltd. was registered and established in 2001. The company’s business scope includes general business projects: industrial investment; holding and management of authorized state-owned assets, etc.
Tieneng Holdings: Tieneng Holdings Group Co., Ltd. was established in 2019. Its business scope includes enterprise management, enterprise management consulting, industrial investment, equity investment, etc.
These Zhejiang-based companies include both well-known and lesser-known ones, with a majority of them being in the manufacturing industry.
famous people in Zhejiang
Zhejiang has produced numerous famous historical and contemporary figures. Some of the historical figures include Wang Shouren, Xi Shi, Zhao Mengfu, Sun Quan, Yu Qian, Chu Suiliang, He Zhizhang, Xu Wei, Yu Shinan, Qian Liu, Yan Guang, Luo Binwang, Goujian, Chen Baxian, Shen Kuo, Liu Ji, Tang Wan, Zhao Fujin, Zhu Shuzhen, Chen Miaochang, and many more. In modern and contemporary times, notable figures from Zhejiang include Lu Xun, Zhu Ziqing, Mao Dun, Ba Jin, Xu Zhimo, Zhou Zuoren, Ai Qing, Xia Yan, Zhang Taiyan, Tao Xingzhi, Ma Yinchu, Jiang Menglin, Cai Yuanpei, Shen Yinmo, Shen Junru, Shen Jianshi, Xia Mianzun, Zhang Yuanji, Qian Xuantong, Fan Wenlan, Dai Jitao, Zhou Xinfang, Ke Ling, Wu Shichang, Mu Dan, Jin Yong, Feng Jicai, Huang Binhong, Li Shutong, Zhang Leping, Ye Qianyu, Qian Juntao, Qiu Jin, Chen Wangdao, Zhang Jingjiang, Chen Qimei, Zhou Enlai (ancestral home in Shaoxing), Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Bulei, Dai Li, Tang Enbo, Yan Jici, Su Buqing, Huang Kun, Qian Sanqiang, Qian Xuesen, Tong Dizhou, Zhu Kezhen, Lu Yongxiang, and many others.
Here is the translation of the famous individuals from Zhejiang:
Lu Xun: Lu Xun, born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, is a renowned writer, thinker, revolutionary, educator, and key participant in the New Culture Movement. He is considered one of the founders of modern Chinese literature.
Huang Zongxi: Huang Zongxi, from Yuyao, Zhejiang, was a scholar, historian, philosopher, geographer, astronomer, mathematician, and educator during the late Ming and early Qing dynasties.
Mao Dun: Mao Dun, born in Tongxiang, Zhejiang, was a prominent modern Chinese writer, literary critic, cultural activist, and social reformer. He was one of the pioneers of the New Culture Movement and a key figure in revolutionary literature.
Jack Ma: Born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Jack Ma is the co-founder of Alibaba Group, a leading e-commerce company. He is also a prominent entrepreneur and international business figure.
Chiang Kai-shek: Chiang Kai-shek, from Fenghua, Zhejiang, was a renowned political and military leader in modern China. He served as the Chairman of the Nationalist Government and played a significant role in Chinese history.
Shen Kuo: Shen Kuo, born in Qiantang County (now Hangzhou, Zhejiang), was a statesman, scientist, and scholar-official during the Northern Song dynasty. He is known for his significant contributions in various fields, including science, geography, and astronomy.
Liu Ji: Liu Ji, also known as Liu Bowen, was a politician, writer, and military strategist during the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties. He played a crucial role in supporting Zhu Yuanzhang (the founder of the Ming dynasty) in his rise to power.
Xi Shi: Xi Shi was a legendary beauty from the state of Yue during the Spring and Autumn period. She is renowned for her stunning beauty and is considered the embodiment of beauty in Chinese culture.
Hangzhou silk is a specialty product of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, with a long and rich history dating back to the time of the Yellow Emperor. Hangzhou benefits from favorable climatic conditions, with a warm and humid climate, distinct seasons, abundant sunlight, and plentiful rainfall, which are ideal for the growth of mulberry trees and the breeding of silkworms. The production process of silk is complex and meticulous, involving steps such as silk reeling, weaving, and dyeing. These intricate processes result in the creation of exquisite and artistic Hangzhou silk, known for its soft texture, beautiful colors, elegance, and high artistic value.
Yue Kiln Celadon is a traditional craft from Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province. It is considered one of the treasures of Han Chinese traditional porcelain craftsmanship. Yue Kiln Celadon has a long history, originating in the Eastern Han Dynasty and was the first successful porcelain fired in the Dragon Kiln of Yue Kiln, hence its nickname “Mother of Chinese Lacquer.” The decorations on Yue Kiln Celadon mainly feature simplicity and brightness, with carving, engraving, and hollowing techniques. Its glaze is a beautiful emerald green, clear and lustrous, resembling tranquil lake water.
Hangzhou Fan is a traditional craft of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, with a long history dating back to the Southern Song Dynasty. It flourished during the Ming and Qing Dynasties and is renowned as one of the “Three Treasures of Hangzhou” along with Hangzhou silk and Longjing tea. Hangzhou fans come in various types and are made with exquisite craftsmanship. The fan surfaces are decorated with rich content, depicting landscapes, peaks, rocks, and other beautiful scenes with skillful and artistic brushwork. Hangzhou fans are excellent gifts and decorations for friends and households.
Wu Brocade is a traditional woven craft from Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, with a long history. Its production process is extremely complex. High-quality natural silk is selected as the main material, and traditional weaving techniques are used to create Wu Brocade. The resulting fabric is solid, elegant, and beautiful. It is said that only about five to six centimeters of Wu Brocade can be woven in a day, making it truly a precious textile.
Renxi Woodcarving is a traditional handicraft from Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province. It has a long history and is characterized by the use of local pear wood instead of boxwood, overcoming the previous limitations of carving only small-scale works due to the wood’s availability. Renxi Woodcarving produces large-scale works with lifelike and vivid images, featuring ingenious designs, novel shapes, exquisite carving techniques, and a sense of reality and intimacy.
Hangzhou Embroidery, also known as Hang Embroidery, is one of China’s traditional handicrafts with a long history. It originated in the Han Dynasty and gained significant popularity during the Southern Song Dynasty. Hang Embroidery is highly regarded for its meticulous needlework. Various embroidery techniques are used, including flat embroidery, random stitching, layered embroidery, pasted embroidery, and embroidery on a base. It incorporates the strengths of the four famous embroidery styles: Su, Xiang, Shu, and Yue. The designs often feature traditional motifs such as dragons, phoenixes, qilin (a mythical creature), bats, and peacocks. Hangzhou Embroidery products are characterized by their grandeur, elegance, or lively and vivid appearances.
Longquan Sword generally refers to the swords produced in Longquan. Longquan Sword is one of the ten famous ancient swords in China and is also known as the Longyuan Sword. It dates back to the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods, with a history of over 2,600 years. Longquan Sword is considered a symbol of integrity and nobility. Legend has it that it was jointly forged by two famous swordsmiths, Ou Yezi and Ganjiang.
Zhejiang Bamboo Weaving is one of China’s traditional handicrafts. The craft of bamboo weaving is exquisite and is mainly developed in areas such as Xinchang, Fuyang, Dongyang, and Shengzhou. Zhejiang Bamboo Weaving products come in a wide variety of styles and appearances, all of which are beautiful and delicate. In the process of making Zhejiang Bamboo Weaving, precision is emphasized, and the shapes created are unique and charming.
what are the animals in the Zhejiang province?
In Zhejiang province, there are various mammals, birds, and reptiles. Some of them include:
Mammals: Black eagle, golden eagle, Chinese ferret-badger, red eagle, Chinese goral, sika deer, tufted deer, Eurasian wild boar, cat, raccoon dog, red fox, yellow-bellied weasel, Asian palm civet, masked palm civet, masked civet, Asian small-clawed otter, Eurasian otter, Chinese water deer, Chinese hog badger, Asian black bear, X brown bat, East Asian free-tailed bat, South Chinarabbit, Chinese pangolin, yellow-bellied mouse, red-bellied squirrel, black-striped field mouse, house mouse, Japanese field mouse, northern hedgehog, and common macaque.
Reptiles: Zhejiang small-eyed snake, Anji small-eyed snake, Chinese rat snake, eyeglass snake, Chinese grass lizard, Fujian keelback, pointed-snout grasshopper, smooth snake, gray ratsnake, Chinese brown frog, and decorated frog.
In terms of specific wildlife in Zhejiang province:
Red-crowned crane (朱鹮): It is one of China’s four national treasures along with the giant panda, takin, and golden monkey. Zhejiang has been a historical distribution area for red-crowned cranes, and specimens collected in Ningbo and Rui’an in the 1950s are still displayed in museums such as Shanghai Normal University.
South China tiger (华南虎): The South China tiger has a rounded head, short ears, powerful limbs, a long tail, and an orange-yellow body covered in black stripes. It has shorter and narrower stripes compared to other tiger subspecies. The South China tiger is smaller in size compared to the Bengal tiger and Siberian tiger.
Yangtze alligator (扬子鳄): The Yangtze alligator is a unique species of crocodile found in China. It is one of the smallest crocodile species in the world and is critically endangered. It is named after the Yangtze River basin, and many features of early reptiles can still be observed in the Yangtze alligator.
South China sika deer (华南梅花鹿): The South China sika deer is the most endangered subspecies of sika deer. There are currently two populations, one of which inhabits the Qingliang Peak Nature Reserve in Lin’an.
Chinese crested tern (中华凤头燕鸥): The Chinese crested tern primarily inhabits coastal islands, breeds along the Shandong coast in China, and migrates and winters along the coasts of Guangdong, Fujian, the Philippines, Borneo, and the Malay Peninsula. It is a summer visitor in northeastern China and a winter visitor in the southern part. The Chinese crested tern mainly feeds on fish but also consumes crustaceans, mollusks, and other marine invertebrates.
what plants are in Zhejiang province?
Zhejiang Province is located in the southeastern coastal region of China, on the southern flank of the Yangtze River Delta. It borders the East China Sea to the east, Fujian Province to the south, Jiangxi and Anhui Provinces to the west, and Shanghai and Jiangsu Provinces to the north. The provincial capital is Hangzhou. Zhejiang has a linear distance of about 450 kilometers from east to west and from north to south. It covers a land area of 101,800 square kilometers, accounting for 1.06% of the national total and making it one of the smallest provinces in China. The terrain slopes in a stepped manner from southwest to northeast. The southwest is dominated by mountain ranges with elevations of over a thousand meters. The highest peak in the province is Huangmaojian, located in Longquan City, with an elevation of 1,929 meters. The predominant landform is hills and mountains, which account for 70.4% of the total provincial area. The main mountain ranges, from north to south, are the Huaiyu Mountains, the Tianmu Mountains, and the Kuocang Mountains.
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba): Ginkgoaceae family, a living fossil from the Mesozoic era, known as the “living fossil.” Xitianmu Mountain is the earliest confirmed wild Ginkgo habitat. There are 262 wild Ginkgo trees at elevations ranging from 300 to 1200 meters, making it one of the original habitats of Ginkgo in the world. Among them, there are 12 ancient trees with a diameter at breast height (DBH) of over 1 meter. The largest tree is located beside the Shizi Kou Road, measuring 30 meters in height and 1.23 meters in DBH. The oldest tree is located below the Old Temple, with 22 branches sprouting from generation to generation, known as the “five generations living together.”
Southern Yew (Taxus wallichiana var. mairei): Taxaceae family, scattered large trees can be found at low altitudes, with five individuals.
Oriental Hornbeam (Ostrya rehderiana): Betulaceae family, a unique species in Tianmu Mountain, known as the “only child of the Earth.” It is distributed at an altitude of 260 meters and has only five surviving wild trees. The distribution area is about 0.4 hectares with a volume of 8 cubic meters.
Golden Larch (Pseudolarix amabilis): Pinaceae family, a unique species in China. There are more than 3,800 naturally distributed trees at elevations ranging from 300 to 1,150 meters, covering an area of about 29 hectares with a volume of 2,708 cubic meters. There are 307 large trees with a diameter at breast height of over 50 cm and 12 ancient trees with a diameter at breast height of over 1 meter. The tallest tree reaches 58 meters in height with a diameter at breast height of 1.07 meters, earning the title of “sky-reaching tree.” The largest tree measures 52 meters in height with a diameter at breast height of 1.16 meters.
China Fir (Torreya grandis): Taxaceae family, widely distributed below 800 meters in altitude, with over 9,000 trees covering an area of about 163 hectares and a volume of 2,708 cubic meters. There are 290 large trees with a diameter at breast height of over 50 cm and four trees with a diameter at breast height of over 1 meter. The largest ancient tree is 20 meters in height with a diameter at breast height of 1.7 meters.
These are some of the unique plants in Zhejiang Province.
famous mountains in Zhejiang
Niutoushan is located at the junction of Wuyi and Suichang counties, with its main peak reaching an altitude of 1,560 meters. It is renowned as the “Number One Mountain in Central Zhejiang” and is also known as the “Grand Canyon of Central Zhejiang.” Here, you can find pristine forests and rare national flora and fauna. It is characterized by its magnificence, uniqueness, danger, beauty, and seclusion, with its notable features being cascading waterfalls and deep emerald pools. Legend has it that Niutoushan was transformed by Laozi’s green ox, which was his mount. During the Tang Dynasty, the Taoist leader Ye Fashan Tian Shi often gathered medicinal herbs and practiced alchemy here. He served as an advisor to five Tang emperors, from Emperor Gaozong to Emperor Xuanzong, and received unprecedented favor and respect from the emperors, making him a unique figure in the history of Taoism. What attracts me the most about Niutoushan is its clear lakes. I have heard that “the water of Niutoushan is the most beautiful in the Jiangnan region.” When the sunlight sprinkles on the lake surface, it illuminates the lake, and the scattered reflections on the water glisten like gold, creating a breathtaking view.
Legend has it that Gan Jiang and Mo Ye forged a pair of swords here, and to commemorate them, this place was named Moganshan. Moganshan is located in Deqing County, Huzhou City and is one of the four famous summer resorts in China, known as the “Cool World.” Moganshan National Mountaineering Fitness Trail is suitable for novice hikers and spans approximately 100 kilometers.
Putuo Mountain is located in the eastern part of Hangzhou Bay, at the mouth of the Qiantang River and in the southeastern part of the Zhoushan Archipelago. It has long been known as the “Pure Land on Earth.” It is a well-known tourist destination both in China and abroad. Alongside Wutai Mountain in Shanxi, Emei Mountain in Sichuan, and Jiuhua Mountain in Anhui, Putuo Mountain is recognized as one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese Buddhism and serves as a place where Guanyin Bodhisattva enlightens sentient beings.
Yandang Mountain is located on the northeastern coast of Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province. Its magnificent and towering landscapes are formed by volcanic eruptions. It is renowned for its extraordinary beauty and is often referred to as the “Famous Mountain at Sea, Supreme in the World.” Yandang Mountain is a peak I have visited at least five times, and each visit has brought me a different experience. I remember one time when it started raining during my climb up Yandang Mountain. Originally, I planned to turn back, but when I looked into the distance at the misty and ethereal scenery of the peaks, I was captivated by its beauty. So, I decided to continue my ascent, and it turned out to be an unforgettable journey. I witnessed the stunning scenery of Yandang Mountain in the mist and rain, a unique sight I had never seen before.
Tianmu Mountain is located in Lin’an District, Hangzhou City, in the northwestern part of Zhejiang Province, at the border of Zhejiang and Anhui provinces. It is known as the “Great Tree Canopy of the World.” It features extraordinary rocks, spectacular waterfalls, a wide variety of flora and fauna, and a gathering of rare species, making it an important base for teaching and scientific research in the country. It is also one of the famous Buddhist mountains in China and is referred to as the “Spiritual Mountain of Tianmu.”
Xuedou Mountain is located in Xikou Town, Fenghua District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, with an elevation of 800 meters. It is renowned as the “Penglai of the Sea and Tiantai on Land.” Xuedou Mountain is also one of the five famous Buddhist mountains in China. It houses a 33-meter-high statue of Maitreya, made of tin bronze and weighing over 500 tons. It is known as the “Great Compassionate Maitreya Bodhisattva’s Spiritual Temple.”
Dongbai Mountain is located in the central part of Zhejiang Province. Taibai Peak, its highest peak, is the main peak of the Kuaiji Mountain Range, reaching an altitude of 1,194.6 meters. According to legend, the renowned Tang Dynasty poet Li Bai once ascended this mountain, which is also known as “Taibai Mountain.” It has always been regarded as the premier mountain in central Zhejiang and serves as the geographical “ridge” of Zhejiang. In addition to being suitable for mountain climbing, it is also a great place for camping.
Jianglang Mountain is located in Shimen Town, Jiangshan City, Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province. It is a nationally key scenic area and a national 5A-level tourist attraction. The deep canyons and rugged rocks of Jianglang Mountain are spectacular, and the majestic mountains and verdant forests present a magnificent view.
Tianmushan is located 10 kilometers from Ru’ao Town, Xinchang County, Shaoxing City. This place was visited by famous poets and scholars of ancient times who were inspired to write poems, making Tianmushan a mythical paradise that literary figures aspire to. After reading their poems, even ordinary people like me couldn’t resist being enchanted by them, and I also wanted to see the landscapes described in the poems and walk the paths where the famous poets had walked.
Dinghu Peak is the core of the Xiandu Scenic Area in Jinyun County, Zhejiang Province and is renowned as the “Number One Peak in the World.” The famous poet Bai Juyi traveled to this place and wrote the well-known poem “Yong Jinyun Xiandu Mountain Dinghu Lake.” Only by coming here can you truly appreciate its charm and the ethereal atmosphere it exudes.
Famous Temples in Zhejiang Province
Buddhism has a long history in China, and after the establishment of the first temple, Baima Temple, the number of temples in China has increased over the dynasties. Buddhism and Taoism have been introduced to Zhejiang Province for over 1800 years, and there are many famous temples in Zhejiang.
Lingyin Temple, Hangzhou
Lingyin Temple, also known as the Temple of the Soul’s Retreat, is located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. It is backed by the Beigao Peak and faces the Fei Lai Feng. Lingyin Temple has a long history, dating back to the first year of Xianhe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (326 AD), making it over 1600 years old. The founder of Lingyin Temple is the Indian monk Hui Li. During the Southern Liang Dynasty, Emperor Wu bestowed land and expanded the temple. During the Five Dynasties, King Qian Liu of the Wuyue Kingdom invited the eminent monk Yongming Yanshou to renovate and expand the temple, and named it Lingyin New Temple. During the Jiajing reign of Emperor Ningzong in the Song Dynasty, Lingyin Temple was known as one of the “Five Mountains” of Zen Buddhism in southern China. To this day, Lingyin Temple remains a popular tourist attraction, with a vibrant daily incense and a constant stream of visitors.
Guoqing Temple (Tiantai County)
Guoqing Temple is located in the Tiantai Mountains, 200 kilometers away from Lingyin Temple. It is an ancient temple dating back over 1400 years to the Sui Dynasty. It is famous for being one of the “Four Great Temples” in China, along with Qixia Temple in Nanjing, Lingyan Temple in Jinan, and Yuquan Temple in Dangyang. Guoqing Temple is situated in the dense forests of the Tiantai Mountains, and it receives fewer visitors compared to Lingyin Temple, which is located near West Lake in Hangzhou, a popular tourist destination. As a result, Guoqing Temple offers a quieter and more serene environment, and the best part is that it doesn’t charge an entrance fee.
Fenghuang Temple (Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province)
Fenghuang Temple is located on Zhongshan Middle Road in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. It covers an area of about 2600 square meters, with a building area of about 1370 square meters. The main hall covers an area of about 570 square meters. The temple also includes facilities such as water rooms and mortuary buildings. It is the main venue for Islamic religious festivals and the worship center for the Islamic community in Hangzhou.
Xinchang Grand Buddha Temple
The Grand Buddha Temple, also known as the Grand Buddha Chan Temple, is located in Xinchang County, Zhejiang Province. It was first built during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The temple features stone cave statues, with large-scale Buddha statues that have a history of over 1600 years. The prominent statue is the 16.3-meter-tall stone Maitreya Buddha, with a distance of 10.6 meters between its two knees. It is one of the few surviving early stone cave statues in southern China and is known as the “Yue State Dunhuang.” The famous literary theorist of the Southern Dynasties, Liu Xie, praised it as a “treasure of the world and an unmatched creation.”
The Three Temples on Tianzhu Mountain in Hangzhou, also known as the “Three Tianzhu Temples” (commonly referred to as the Upper Tianzhu Temple, Middle Tianzhu Temple, and Lower Tianzhu Temple), are ancient famous temples in Hangzhou. The Lower Tianzhu Temple is the oldest, with a history of over 1600 years, while the newest one, the Upper Tianzhu Temple, has a history of a thousand years. During the Jiaqing reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, they were named Faxi Temple, Fajing Temple, and Fajing Temple respectively, and the emperor personally inscribed the temple names. The three temples have a similar history, are geographically close to each other, share the same religious practices, and have experienced ups and downs together. They were once hailed as the “Buddhist Kingdoms of Tianzhu.”
Tiantong Temple, Ninghai
Tiantong Temple is one of the sixth batch of national cultural heritage sites and is located at the foot of Taibai Mountain, 25 kilometers east of Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. It was first built in the first year of Yongkang in the Western Jin Dynasty (300 AD) and is one of the five famous Zen Buddhist temples, known as the “Buddhist Kingdom in the Southeast.” The entire temple covers an area of more than 76,400 square meters, with a construction area of over 38,800 square meters. It has over 30 buildings including halls, pavilions, towers, pavilions, dormitories, and residences, totaling 999 rooms. The temple is situated at the foot of the undulating Taibai Mountain, with peaks surrounding it. It is often described as “a temple embraced by a group of peaks.”
Ayuwang Temple, Yinzhou, Ningbo
On May 25, 2006, Ayuwang Temple was included in the sixth batch of national key cultural heritage protection units. Ayuwang Temple is located at the foot of Huading Peak in Wuxiang Town, Yinzhou District, Ningbo City. It was first built in the third year of Emperor Wu of the Western Jin Dynasty (282 AD) and has a history of over 1700 years. Ayuwang Temple is known as the “Buddhist Kingdom in the Southeast” and is a famous Zen Buddhist temple. It is the fifth of the “Five Mountains” of Chinese Buddhism. It is also the only ancient temple in China named after the Indian emperor Ashoka that still exists.
Jingci Temple, Hangzhou
Jingci Temple is located on the southern shore of West Lake in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, opposite to the Leifeng Pagoda. It is one of the four ancient temples in the history of West Lake and one of the famous temples in China. The temple’s bell is known for its resounding sound and has been included as one of the “Ten Scenes of West Lake.” Jingci Temple is situated at Huiri Peak in Nanping Mountain, Hangzhou. It was originally named Yongming Chan Yuan, built by Qian Hongchu, the king of the Wuyue State, for the eminent monk Yongming Yanshou in the year 954 during the Five Dynasties period. During the Southern Song Dynasty, it was renamed Jingci Temple, and the Five Hundred Arhats Hall was constructed. The temple has been destroyed and rebuilt several times. The current temple, mountain gate, bell tower, rear hall, Yunmu ancient well, and Jigong Hall were reconstructed in the 1980s.
Qita Temple, Jiangdong District, Ningbo
Qita Temple is located in Jiangdong District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province. It is one of the four major Buddhist monasteries in eastern Zhejiang (including Tiantong Temple, Ayuwang Temple, Qita Temple, and Guanzong Temple). In 1983, it was approved as one of the first batch of key open temples in China by the State Council.
Jingshan Wanshou Temple, Yuhang
Jingshan Wanshou Temple is located in Yuhang, about 60 kilometers away from Hangzhou city. The road leading to the temple is well constructed, with a winding mountain road spanning over 20 kilometers. The temple is situated at the mountaintop and has been included as one of the “Five Mountains and Ten Monasteries.” It is one of the ten famous monasteries in Jiangnan (the region south of the Yangtze River) and has a significant influence in the Buddhist communities of China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. Jingshan Wanshou Temple was first built during the middle period of the Tang Dynasty (881-884) and was originally named “Wuxing Zhengzhen Chan Yuan.” During the Jiaxi reign (1201-1204) of the Song Dynasty, it was renamed “Miaojue Temple.”
Famous Pagodas in Zhejiang Province
Name: Tianning Temple Pagoda
Location: Haishu District, Ningbo City
Grade: National Level 6 (2006)
Dating back to the fourth year of the Tang Xiantong era (863), this pagoda is the oldest surviving one in the entire province. The temple originally had two pagodas, one on the east and one on the west, but the eastern pagoda collapsed during the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty.
Name: Ruilong Sensing Pagoda
Location: Huangyan District, Taizhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
Dating back to the fourth year of the Wuyue Jianlong era (963), this pagoda was built by the national teacher Deshao. At that time, the central plains had already fallen under the control of the Song Dynasty, but Zhejiang and Fujian provinces were still governed by the Wuyue Kingdom.
Name: Yanqing Temple Pagoda
Location: Songyang County, Lishui City
Grade: National Level 6 (2006)
The appearance of this pagoda is similar to the tower-style pagodas found in places like Suzhou. It dates back to the fifth year of the Northern Song Xianping era (1002).
Name: Fuyinshan Pagoda
Location: Xianju County, Taizhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013, sub-item)
Dating back to the eighth year of the Northern Song Qingli era (1048), this pagoda is part of the group of protected cultural relics that includes the Nanshan Pagoda and Fuyinshan Pagoda.
Name: Huzhen Relic Pagoda
Location: Longyou County, Quzhou City
Grade: National Level 5 (2001)
Dating back to the third year of the Northern Song Jiayou era (1058), the construction of this pagoda can be traced back to the Chen Dynasty in the Southern Dynasty.
Name: Guanyin Temple Stone Pagoda
Location: Ruian City, Wenzhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
The Guoan Temple Pagoda and the Guanyin Temple Stone Pagoda have already been introduced.
Name: Guoan Temple Pagoda
Location: Longwan District, Wenzhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
Dating back to the fifth year of the Northern Song Yuanyou era (1090), this pagoda is located in front of Guoan Temple and has a similar architectural style to the Ruilong Sensing Pagoda.
Name: Donghuacheng Temple Pagoda
Location: Zhuji City, Shaoxing City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
Dating back to the seventh year of the Northern Song Yuanyou era (1092), this pagoda is located on the mountaintop behind the temple, which has been destroyed. The nearby Fengqiao Temple is worth visiting.
Name: Feiying Pagoda
Location: Wuxing District, Huzhou City
Grade: National Level 3 (1988)
Dating back to the Southern Song Shaoxing era (1131-1163), the inner pagoda was rebuilt. It is a rare pagoda within a pagoda in the country.
Name: Liuheta Pagoda
Location: Xihu District, Hangzhou City
Grade: National Level 1 (1961)
Dating back to the twenty-fourth year of the Southern Song Shaoxing era (1154), the inner pagoda was rebuilt. The wooden eaves were reconstructed in 1899 during the Guangxu era of the Qing Dynasty. This pagoda is the only surviving Southern Song architecture in Lin’an City and is adjacent to Zhakou White Pagoda.
Name: Lingjiu Temple Stone Pagoda
Location: Liandu District, Lishui City
Grade: National Level 8 (2019)
Consisting of four single-eave pagodas, it is currently located on Wanshang Mountain.
Name: Dashan Temple Pagoda
Location: Yuecheng District, Shaoxing City
Grade: National Level 8 (2019)
Dating back to the first year of the Southern Song Shaoding era (1228), the construction of this pagoda can be traced back to the Southern Liang Dynasty in the Southern Dynasty.
Name: Jingtusi Pagoda
Location: Huangyan District, Taizhou City
Grade: Provincial Level (1997)
Dating back to the thirtieth year of the Yuan Zhiyuan era (1293), this is one of the two remaining Yuan Dynasty pagodas in Zhejiang Province.
Name: Longxing Temple Qianfo Pagoda
Location: Linhai City, Taizhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
This is one of the two remaining Yuan Dynasty pagodas in Zhejiang Province and is located near the southern gate of the city wall of Taizhou.
Name: Baochu Pagoda
Location: Xihu District, Hangzhou City
Grade: National Level 7 (2013)
Rebuilt in 1933 during the twenty-second year of the Republic of China (968), it was originally built to pray for the safe journey of Qian Hongchu, a national king, to the capital.
Famous Lakes in Zhejiang Province
Hangzhou West Lake:
Thick shade, willow veiling the smoke, fragrant breeze carrying flower petals. West Lake’s scenery with six bridges, a willow and a peach tree.
The beauty of West Lake lies in its picturesque lake and mountain views. Surrounded by lush greenery, the lake is adorned with picturesque bridges, willow trees, and misty clouds. Among the 100 distinctive parks and attractions, there are sights like “Three Autumns of Osmanthus”, “Six Harmonies Pagoda and the Six Bridges”, “Nine Creeks and Ten Miles of Clouds and Pines”, and “Ten Views of the West Lake” and “New Ten Views of the West Lake”. These attractions create a colorful floral necklace around the lake, offering unique scenery in each season and adding a touch of charm in different weather conditions.
Wenzhou Feiyun Lake:
Cliffs collide with sunlight day and night, imposing atmosphere visible from afar. Countless ravines with faint rumbling of thunder, a river appearing misty and vague.
Feiyun Lake is located in the upper reaches of the Feiyun River and is known for its crystal-clear water and vast expanse of rippling waves. It is a magnificent sight to witness the sailing boats on the lake amidst lush trees and bamboo, scattered among ancient villages where the local residents embody a simple and authentic ethnic charm. Feiyun Lake offers breathtaking views for photographers, especially during the misty morning when the scenery becomes enchanting.
Hangzhou Qiandao Lake:
Clear as a deep cave, a mirror shining year-round. A thousand peaks rise with trees, fish scales visible for a hundred feet.
Qiandao Lake derives its name from the thousands of islets scattered across its waters. The lake boasts exceptionally clear and transparent water, often praised as the “most beautiful lake in the world”. With its majestic mountains, picturesque water, enchanting islands, and lush forests, Qiandao Lake possesses unique tourism resources. The towering mountains surround the lake, while countless verdant islands are scattered across the vast expanse of emerald waves.
Hangzhou Xiang Lake:
A tranquil lake like a mirrored plateau, silent clouds and a crescent moon shining. A gentle breeze wakes the water’s surface, the pure spirit of autumn descends into the fairyland.
Xiang Lake is known as the “sister lake” of West Lake. Beyond the crowded tourist areas of West Lake, Xiang Lake provides another charming destination to enjoy the beauty of lakes and mountains. With its serene landscapes and unique atmosphere, it offers a different flavor. The Cross Lake Bridge, located at the narrowest part of Xiang Lake, divides the lake in two. Surrounded by the vast expanse of the lake and embraced by green mountains, the Cross Lake Bridge presents various picturesque scenes. Whether it is the autumn moon shining above or the spring blossoms of peach trees, the Cross Lake Bridge offers delightful views to be savored.
Jiaxing Nanhu Lake:
A single boat on Nanhu Lake, where heroes gather for strategizing. Shattering the old dynasty, wielding sickles and axes.
Nanhu Lake is renowned for its enchanting scenery, described as “light mist brushing the waters, a gentle breeze about to arrive.” In 1921, the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held on a painting boat in Nanhu Lake, marking the founding of the Communist Party of China. Since then, Nanhu Lake has become a revolutionary holy site admired by the Chinese people. The scenic area of Nanhu Lake harmoniously combines natural and cultural landscapes, consisting of “one lake, two rivers, and three blocks”. It has become a premium scenic spot with a pristine ecological environment, distinct landscape features, diverse recreational activities, and well-established facilities.
Jiaxing Nanbei Lake:
Cloud-clad peaks rise above the clouds, and the celestial rooster heralds the flowing dawn. The mirror gates close and the golden supports rise, as pearls and jade scatter on the case.
Nanbei Lake is surrounded by mountains, with the sea leaning against them. The interplay of lake views, mountain scenery, and seascape create a harmonious landscape. It possesses “layered mountains, winding waters, unique sea views, surpassing the elegance of West Lake and the delicacy of Xizi Lake, combining the best of both.” In spring, Nanbei Lake is adorned with peach blossoms, willows, and a riot of flowers. In summer, the trees provide shade, lotus flowers bloom, and the lake and sea are perfect for water activities. In autumn, the fields turn golden, osmanthus trees emit a fragrance, and oranges hang from the branches. In winter, the lake and mountains are covered in white snow, and the mist envelopes the sky, presenting a unified picture of mountains, sea, and lake.
Shaoxing Jian Lake:
Mount Ji’s mist disperses, revealing towering peaks. Mirror-like water ripples without wind. Don’t say spring’s blossoms have withered, for there are still water chestnuts to be gathered in the middle of the stream.
Jian Lake, originally known as Jing Lake, is said to have derived its name from Emperor Huangdi casting a mirror there. Jian Lake is known for its excellent water quality, and it is used to brew the famous Shaoxing rice wine. The expansive lake surface, vast water currents, and boating on the lake create a feeling of reflecting clear waves nearby and overlapping green mountains in the distance, resembling a journey through a mirror.
Huzhou Xiazhu Lake:
A crack in the earth guards against the wind, and the sky opens up to Xiazhu Lake. Three mountains float on the water, and thousands of canals cut through the calamus.
Xiazhu Lake National Wetland Park resembles a maze, with intertwined harbors and channels, extensive reed fields, clear water, and numerous waterfowl inhabiting the park. It still retains the natural and rustic charm of a water town in Jiangnan. Xiazhu Lake exhibits different charms in each season: spring brings blooming flowers and singing birds, summer presents clouds and floating green lotus leaves, autumn showcases the rustling reeds and fragrant osmanthus, while winter decorates the landscape with frosty forests and misty skies.
Ningbo Dongqian Lake:
A thousand-year-old ancient lake, a panoramic view of beauty. Mountains, waters, pavilions, temples, and willows interconnect, creating a divine ink painting along the mountains and waters.
Dongqian Lake has long been a famous scenic spot in eastern Zhejiang. With a rich cultural heritage, it has accumulated numerous historical and artistic treasures. The area boasts a beautiful ecological environment, with a broad lake surface, winding shorelines, surrounding mountains, and dense forests. Dongqian Lake is also known as the “Lake of a Thousand Golds” or “Golden Lake.” The names “Qian Lake” and “Jin Lake” are associated with wealth stories and the legends of officials and scholars, reflecting a unique cultural heritage that combines commerce, Confucianism, Buddhism, and officialdom.
Taizhou Hanshan Lake:
Beside Hanshan Lake, memories of Han Shan arise. Only the sight of mist and water adorns leisure. Boats travel within the hues of the sunset, between ancient and modern, east and west.
Hanshan Lake is named after the renowned poet Han Shan, and its tranquil lake surface reflects picturesque mountains. It is home to various internationally protected migratory birds and nationally protected rare birds and animals. At Hanshan Lake, you can witness the morning glow on the water, the red haze of mist and waves in the evening, and the moonlit night sky. Boating on the lake, you will be surrounded by green mountains on both sides, shimmering lake waters, and fish leaping and birds soaring. It feels like being immersed in the scenery of the Three Gorges.
Zhejiang Province to Shanghai distance
The distance between Zhejiang Province and Shanghai depends on the specific locations within the two regions. However, as a general estimate, the distance between the city of Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province and Shanghai is approximately 175 kilometers (109 miles) when traveling by road. The actual travel distance may vary depending on the route taken and the specific starting and ending points within the two regions.
Zhejiang province airport
In Zhejiang Province, there are a total of 10 civil airports. They are:
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (established in 2000)
Ningbo Lishe International Airport (established in 1984)
Wenzhou Longwan International Airport (established in 1990)
Jiaxing Airport (under construction)
Yiwu Airport (established in 1970)
Quzhou Airport (established in 1993)
Lishui Airport (established in 2020)
Zhoushan Putuoshan Airport (established in 1997)
Taizhou Luqiao Airport (established in 1998)
Hengdian General Aviation Airport (established in 2018)
Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport is located in Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, and is a 4F-grade civil transport airport. Zhoushan Putuoshan Airport is located on Zhujiajian Island, Zhoushan, and is a 4D-grade civil transport airport. It has three terminal buildings with a total area of 28,000 square meters, and it operates 23 domestic routes to 26 cities.
Wenzhou Yongqiang Airport is located in Longwan District, Wenzhou City, and is a 4E-grade civil international airport. It is classified as a Class 1 aviation port in China and has two terminal buildings: T1 for international flights and T2 for domestic flights. The total area of the airport is 129,500 square meters. Ningbo Lishe International Airport is located in Haishu District, Ningbo, and is only 12 kilometers away from the city center.
Quzhou Airport was established in 1933 and is located in the eastern suburbs of Quzhou City. It is a military-civilian dual-use airport approved by the Central Military Commission and the State Council. It is a 4C-grade airport and has complete facilities for navigation, communication, lighting, fire protection, security checks, meteorology, and aircraft maintenance. The passenger terminal building of the airport covers an area of 3,440 square meters and can handle a passenger flow of 200 people per hour during peak periods.
Zhejiang tourist attractions
The tourist attractions in Zhejiang province include West Lake, Hengdian World Studios, Tiantai Mountain, Wenzhou Paradise, Wuzhen, Mount Putuo, Shexianju, Jinyun Xianju, Nanxun Ancient Town, Hangzhou Paradise, and more.
West Lake: Located in the west of Hangzhou city, Zhejiang province, West Lake is one of the first national key scenic spots and one of China’s top ten scenic areas. It is also one of the major freshwater lakes in China known for its picturesque scenery.
Hengdian World Studios: Known as the “Chinese Hollywood” and “China’s Hollywood,” Hengdian World Studios is a national film and television industry experimental zone. It includes the Hengdian World Studios, which is a national 5A-level scenic spot.
Tiantai Mountain: Located in the north of Tiantai County, Zhejiang province, Tiantai Mountain is connected to the Xianxia Ridge in the southwest and is adjacent to the Zhoushan Archipelago in the northeast. It is the watershed between the Cao’e River and the Yong River.
Wenzhou Paradise: Situated in Xia’ao Village, Chashan Street, Ouhai District, Wenzhou city, Wenzhou Paradise is a national 4A-level tourist attraction. It offers various high-tech amusement projects.
Wuzhen: With a history of over 6,000 years, Wuzhen is one of the top 20 predicted tourist destinations during the golden week and one of the six major ancient towns in the Jiangnan region. It is also known as the “Last Ancient Water Town in China.”
Mount Putuo: Resembling a reclining dragon in the sea, Mount Putuo covers an area of 12.52 square kilometers. It is located across the sea from Shenjiamen in the Zhoushan Archipelago and is known as the “Buddhist Kingdom on the Sea” and the “Holy Land of the South Sea.”
Shexianju: Shexianju is the core area of Xianju National Park, a national 5A-level scenic spot. It was historically known as Tianmushan and is also called Weiqiang Mountain.
Jinyun Xianju: Jinyun Xianju is a national key scenic spot that combines pastoral scenery with historical sites. It focuses on sightseeing, leisure, vacations, and science popularization.
Nanxun Ancient Town: Located at the junction of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, Nanxun Ancient Town was a renowned silk town in Jiangnan during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is a Jiangnan ancient town with abundant cultural resources and a blend of Chinese and Western architecture.
Hangzhou Paradise: Hangzhou Paradise offers various activities throughout the year, including the Flower Festival, Belly Band Festival, Mask Festival, and more. It has become a benchmark for the new generation of theme parks.
Zhejiang University (ZJU) is a comprehensive and prestigious research university located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China. It is one of China’s oldest and most renowned institutions of higher education. Here are some key points about Zhejiang University:
History: Zhejiang University traces its roots back to 1897 when it was founded as Qiushi Academy. Over the years, it underwent several transformations and mergers, eventually becoming Zhejiang University in 1998.
Campuses: ZJU has multiple campuses, with the main campus, Zijingang Campus, located in the Xihu District of Hangzhou. Other campuses include Yuquan Campus, Xixi Campus, and Haining International Campus.
Academic Programs: ZJU offers a wide range of academic programs across various disciplines. It has over 150 undergraduate programs, more than 300 master’s programs, and around 200 doctoral programs. The university covers fields such as natural sciences, engineering, agriculture, medicine, arts, social sciences, and more.
Research and Rankings: ZJU is known for its strong emphasis on research and innovation. It has numerous research institutes, laboratories, and centers dedicated to cutting-edge research in various fields. The university consistently ranks among the top universities in China and is recognized internationally for its academic excellence.
International Collaboration: Zhejiang University has established collaborations and partnerships with numerous universities and research institutions around the world. It actively promotes international exchange programs, attracting students and scholars from different countries.
Notable Alumni: ZJU boasts a large number of successful alumni who have made significant contributions in various fields. Many of its alumni have become influential figures in academia, government, business, and other domains.
Zhejiang University is highly regarded for its academic reputation, research strength, and commitment to innovation. It continues to play a vital role in advancing education, research, and technological development in China and globally.
Asian Games 2023 in Zhejiang
The 2023 Asian Games were awarded to Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang province in China. The Asian Games is a multi-sport event held every four years and features athletes from countries across Asia.
The 2023 Asian Games in Hangzhou are expected to showcase the city’s infrastructure, sports facilities, and cultural heritage. The event will provide a platform for athletes from different Asian countries to compete in various sports disciplines. It is an opportunity for athletes to demonstrate their skills and for countries to come together in a spirit of friendly competition and cultural exchange.
The preparations for the Asian Games typically involve building new stadiums and venues, improving transportation networks, and enhancing the overall infrastructure of the host city. As the event approaches, more detailed information about the sports program, participating countries, and other aspects of the games will become available.
Please note that specific details and updates regarding the 2023 Asian Games in Zhejiang may have occurred after my knowledge cutoff in September 2021. It would be advisable to refer to official sources and news channels for the most accurate and up-to-date information about the event.
What is Zhejiang Famous for?
The Zhejiang province is among the wealthiest in China and they are famous for many things, the main one being agriculture. It is considered the top tea province in China, with four principal tea cities. Pingshui has the largest production of tea, while Hangzhou is famous for the production of the Dragon Well (Lingjing) green tea. The other two cities are Wenzhou and Jiande.
Zhejiang is also the second top province when it comes to sericulture, the rearing of silkworms to produce silk. The primary rearing location is Lake Tai plain and other secondary cities in the northwest and northeast of the province. The province’s agriculture is the most diversified in China, including sweetpotatoes, sugarcane, tobacco, maize, barley, and their chief staple food, rice.
Aside from agriculture, Zhejiang is also known for fishing. Thanks to its expansive coastal regions and its convergence with the western Pacific, it has flourishing aquaculture. You’ll find more than 100 varieties of different fish.
The province is also considered a significant exporter with specialized centers for light industry products and handicrafts. The common exports include Hangzhou’s silk umbrellas and tapestry, Longchuan’s porcelain, as well as products like laces, embroideries, and stone and wood carvings.
As an attraction, Zhejiang is among the greatest cultural and literal centers in China. The province is called the State of Historic Relics, due to its large storehouse of historic relics, being the birthplace of the ancient China civilization. Its Buddhist temples and worship sites are also popular among tourists. The province simply has a large variety of natural attraction that makes it so popular.
River of Zhejiang Province.
The main river in Zhejiang is the Qiantang River, which the province was named after. It has two main headstreams. One tributary flows from the southwestern highlands to the Lan River valley. The second tributary called the Xin’an river flows from Anhui and flows through Jiande and the other cities. It supplies to the Xin’an River Dam located on it, which’s the major supplier of hydroelectricity in that area.
The second largest river after is the Ou river. This river is made up of four main tributaries that flow about 388km through the mountain’s rocky channels and gorges. It finally goes through Wenzhou to empty into the East China Sea. The river is rich in terms of the variety of fish that’s found in it. There were approximately 60 different systems. Other notable rivers aside from these two are the Yong, Qu, and Ling rivers.
Also known as Zhe Cuisine, Zhejiang cuisine is the traditional way of cooking in the province. It is among the eight Chinese cuisines and is characterized by having no grease, mellow fragrance, and soft and fresh flavor. Zhejiang cuisine entails at least three different styles based on the major cities of the province.
One of them is the Shaoxing style that mostly specializes in freshwater fish and poultry. The Hangzhou style is characterized by rich variations and the use of bamboo shoots. The Ningbo style is characterized by freshness and salty dishes that are mostly centralized around seafood. Most people, however, may find Ningbo food very salty. As for the Wenzhou style of cooking, it’s considered the greatest style when it comes to seafood, livestock, and poultry.
Zhejiang province is known for its diverse and flavorful cuisine. The region’s cuisine is often referred to as Zhe Cuisine (浙菜) or Zhejiang Cuisine. Here are some popular dishes and culinary specialties from Zhejiang:
Dongpo Pork (东坡肉): Named after the famous Song Dynasty poet Su Dongpo, this dish features tender, braised pork belly with a rich, savory sauce.
West Lake Fish in Vinegar Gravy (西湖醋鱼): A specialty from Hangzhou, this dish consists of freshwater fish cooked in a sweet and sour vinegar-based gravy. It is known for its delicate flavors.
Beggar’s Chicken (叫化鸡): A traditional dish where a whole chicken is marinated, wrapped in lotus leaves, and then baked or steamed. The result is a flavorful and tender chicken with aromatic seasonings.
Longjing Shrimp (龙井虾仁): This dish combines fresh shrimp with Longjing tea leaves, creating a delicate and aromatic flavor. It is a popular seafood specialty in Hangzhou.
Sister Song’s Fish Soup (宋嫂鱼羹): A famous Hangzhou dish, this soup is made with fish, ham, bamboo shoots, and other ingredients. It has a light and refreshing flavor.
Braised Bamboo Shoots (红烧竹笋): Zhejiang is known for its high-quality bamboo shoots, and this dish showcases their natural flavor. The shoots are braised in a soy-based sauce until tender and flavorful.
Ningbo Tangyuan (宁波汤圆): Tangyuan are sweet glutinous rice balls filled with various fillings. In Ningbo, they are often served in a light and fragrant osmanthus syrup.
These are just a few examples of the many delicious dishes you can find in Zhejiang province. The cuisine of Zhejiang is known for its emphasis on fresh ingredients, delicate flavors, and meticulous cooking techniques.
As mentioned, Zhejiang is called the State of Historical relics, because the ancient Chinese civilization is said to have started here, hence the large storehouse of many relics. The province has been called many names over the years. With different emperors building their sit of power in Zhejiang, this province has witnessed the rise and fall of six or more dynasties in the feudal period. These dynasties include Sui, Tan, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
After theQin Dynasty, during the Second Sino-Japanese war, the Japanese took over and occupied Zhejiang. They put it under the control of a puppet japan state called, Recognized National Government of China. During that time, there was the Doolittle raid that led to the Japanese killing 250,000 innocent civilians, in search of the Doolittle men. The Chinese who harbored the Americans was were made to pay dearly. It wasn’t until the People’s Republic when Japanese was defeated and the government of China took over.
In terms of its economy, even during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Zhejiang was considered an international trade center. Its economy at the time flourished. During and after the Sino-Japanese war, the province’s economy. Thanks to the people’s entrepreneurial spirit and Deng Xiaoping’s economic reform techniques, Zhejiang’s economy grew and eventually restored to being among the most prosperous provinces in China.
Zhejiang is a powerful and prosperous province. It’s rich in history and cuisine as wells as the most beautiful scenic places. It is a great place to visit and learn about.
Zhejiang province history timeline:
During the Xia Dynasty, the northern border of Zhejiang province belonged to Yangzhou.
Yu, the legendary ruler, held a meeting with the feudal lords in Kuaiji, and Shao Kang appointed his younger son as the ruler of Dongyue.
During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, the region was under the jurisdiction of the Yangzhou border.
In the Spring and Autumn Period, the territory of Zhejiang was divided between the Wu and Yue states.
During the Warring States Period, the northern border belonged to the Chu state, while the southern border was inhabited by various Baiyue tribes.
During the Qin Dynasty, the Baiyue tribes were pacified, and Kuaiji County was established.
During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the territory was expanded to Dongou, and it was still under the jurisdiction of Kuaiji County.
During the Later Han Dynasty, it was divided between the Wu, Kuaiji, and Danyang counties, all of which were under the administration of Yangzhou.
During the Three Kingdoms period, the region was under the control of the Wu state, divided into five counties: Linhai, Wuxing, Dongyang, Xindu, and Wu.
During the Jin Dynasty, Yongjia County was added, also under the administration of Yangzhou.
During the Liu Song Dynasty, the eastern part of Zhejiang was divided into Dongyangzhou, while the western part remained under the administration of Yangzhou.
During the Qi, Liang, and Chen dynasties, the status of Dongyangzhou was constantly changing.
During the Sui Dynasty, Wu and Hangzhou were established as two provinces, later changed to six prefectures.
During the early Tang Dynasty, it was part of the Jiangnan Circuit, later belonging to the Jiangnan East Circuit. At the beginning of the Qianyuan era, it was divided into Zhejiang East and West Circuits.
During the Five Dynasties, it was controlled by Qian Liu and established as the state of Wuyue.
From the Northern Song Dynasty onwards, it was initially part of the Liangzhe Circuit, later divided into Zhejiang East and West Circuits.
During the Yuan Dynasty, after the Song territory was pacified, the Liangzhe Provincial Governor’s Office was established, later changed to the Jiangzhe Provincial Governor’s Office.
During the Ming Dynasty, the Zhejiang Administration was established with its capital in Hangzhou, overseeing eleven prefectures and seventy-five counties, including Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Jiaxing, Jinhua, Quzhou, Yanzhou, Huzhou, Shaoxing, Chuzhou, Taizhou, and Ningbo.
During the Qing Dynasty, following the Ming administration, it was renamed Zhejiang Province, with Hangzhou as its capital, overseeing eleven prefectures and seventy-six counties.
During the Republican era, Zhejiang underwent few changes. In 1949, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army launched the Crossing the Yangtze River Campaign and liberated Zhejiang. Currently, Zhejiang Province is divided into 11 municipalities: Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Shaoxing, Jinhua, Quzhou, Zhoushan, Taizhou, and Lishui.
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