What Is Number 9 Meaning In China?
In Chinese culture, numbers hold significant symbolic meaning. Each number is believed to have its own unique properties and associations, and the number 9 is considered one of the most auspicious and powerful numbers.
The number 9, or “jiu” in Chinese, is pronounced similarly to the word for “long-lasting” or “eternal” in Mandarin, making it a popular symbol of longevity and good fortune. In fact, the number 9 is often associated with the Emperor in ancient China, who was believed to have nine dragons guarding him.
Furthermore, the number 9 is also associated with the concept of “completeness” or “perfection” in Chinese culture. This is because the number 9 is the highest single-digit number and is considered the ultimate achievement in any given situation.
In Chinese numerology, the number 9 is also believed to be associated with the fire element and the planet Mars, symbolizing strength, power, and passion. It is also linked to the South direction, one of the Four Cardinal Directions in Chinese astrology.
Significance Of 9 In Chinese Culture
Due to its various meanings, the number nine had significant cultural significance in ancient China.
1. In ancient China, nine was the extreme of Yang, the largest odd number, and was often associated with emperors. The emperor’s throne was called “Jiu Wu,” and the emperor himself was referred to as the “Jiu Wu Zhi Zun” (the revered one of Jiu Wu). In Chinese folklore, the number nine is also widely used as a counting unit. For example, “Jiu Jiu” (ninety-nine) days after the Winter Solstice is considered the start of the coldest days of winter.
2. The number nine is also often seen in the design of ancient Chinese architecture. For example, in the Gongwang Palace in Beijing, the former residence of the imperial minister Heshen, there are 9,999 bat-shaped decorations in the corridors and window frames. Bats are considered a symbol of good fortune, as the Chinese word for bat, “fu,” sounds similar to the word for good fortune. In addition, the emperor’s attire, living quarters, and palace decorations often included the number nine, such as the Nine-Dragon Robe, the height of the Taihe Hall, Zhonghe Hall, and Baohe Hall being nine zhang and nine chi, and the door nails on the palace gates arranged in rows of nine horizontally and vertically, totaling 81. These symbols have deep cultural and historical significance.
“Nine” also has the advantage of homophony with “longevity.” By emphasizing and repeating the quantity of “nine,” it also conveys the meaning of “long-lasting,” which was more favored by ancient people. People pursue perfection, and the number “ten” represents “perfection.” However, ancient people believed that when the moon was full, it would wane, and when things were at their extreme, they would reverse. In comparison, “nine” is just in an upward trend and has reached a limit, so it is considered the “supreme number.”
This “supreme” status often blends with mystery and sacredness, as in the ancient “Nine Songs” related to primitive beliefs. In addition, both Buddhism and Taoism consider “nine” to be an important number for cultivation. Buddhism has “Nine Truths,” “Nine Meditations,” “Nine Monks,” etc., and Taoism has the “Nine-Turned Pill,” which is said to make people immortal, and the immortal societies of Taoism, such as “Nine Immortals,” “Nine Truths,” and “Nine Saints,” all use “nine” as the number of members.
4. Jiuzhou, also known as Hanzhong, Zhongtu, and Shenzhou, first appeared in the pre-Qin period classic “ShangshuYugong” and has been a national geographical concept of the Chinese Han ethnic group since ancient times. Since the Warring States period, Jiuzhou has become the representative name of ancient China, and since the Han Dynasty, it has become the representative name of the Han ethnic region, also known as “Han territory Jiuzhou.”
The Chinese Han ancestors have divided the original Han ethnic homeland into nine regions, known as the “Nine Provinces.” According to the records of “ShangshuYugong,” the order of the Nine Provinces is: Jizhou, Yanzhou, Qingzhou, Xuzhou, Yangzhou, Jingzhou, Yuzhou, Liangzhou, and Yongzhou. “Erya” has Youzhou and Yingzhou but no Qingzhou or Liangzhou. “Zhouli” has Youzhou and Bingzhou but no Xuzhou or Liangzhou.
There are also other associations with the number nine:
There is a folk legend that the birthday of the Jade Emperor is on the ninth day of the first lunar month, which is the beginning of the year, and nine is the first of the yang numbers.
Bronze vessels include the “Nine Tripod Cauldrons,” and around the emperor, there were “Nine Ministers.”
The imperial palace has the “Nine Ranks of Officials,” and the capital has nine gates.
The Forbidden City has 9,999 and a half rooms.
The Tiananmen Gate is nine bays wide and nine bays deep.
Archaeological discoveries have revealed that the late Yangshao culture palace F901 site in the Dadiwan is patterned with eight pillars and nine bays, and it dates back over five thousand years. Later palaces mostly followed this architectural pattern.
Is 9 a lucky number in Chinese culture?
The number nine is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture. It is believed to be associated with longevity, completeness, power, passion, and good fortune. The number 9 holds great significance in Chinese numerology, astrology, and Feng Shui and is often used in important events and celebrations such as weddings and business launches.
Why is 9 a lucky number in China?
Each number in Chinese culture has its own set of properties and associations.The number 9, or “jiu” in Chinese, is pronounced similarly to the word for “long-lasting” or “eternal” in Mandarin, making it a popular symbol of longevity and good fortune. It is also believed to be associated with the fire element and the planet Mars, symbolizing strength, power, and passion.
Furthermore, the number 9 is often associated with the concept of “completeness” or “perfection” in Chinese culture. This is because the number 9 is the highest single-digit number and is considered the ultimate achievement in any given situation. For instance, the Chinese idiom “” (ji ni y máo), which literally means “nine cows and one strand of cow hair,” is used to describe something that is so insignificant that it can be ignored. This idiom demonstrates the importance and high value placed on the number 9 in Chinese culture.
Moreover, the number 9 is also linked to the south direction, one of the Four Cardinal Directions in Chinese astrology. In ancient Chinese mythology, the southern sky is ruled by the Vermilion Bird, a mythical creature representing happiness, love, and warmth. The number 9 is believed to have a positive influence on these attributes, further enhancing its reputation as a lucky number.
In addition, the number 9 is often used for important events and celebrations. For example, a traditional Chinese wedding ceremony typically involves nine bows and nine toasts, symbolizing the couple’s desire for a long and harmonious marriage. Similarly, in business, the number 9 is often used in product prices or promotions as it is believed to bring good luck and prosperity to the enterprise.
Furthermore, the number nine is significant in Feng Shui, the ancient Chinese art of placement and arrangement. It is believed that placing nine objects or plants of the same kind in a certain area can bring wealth, luck, and prosperity. For example, a bowl of nine oranges is often placed in the living room during Chinese New Year, symbolizing abundance and good fortune for the upcoming year.
It is important to note, however, that the significance of the number 9 in Chinese culture may differ from region to region and from person to person. While some may view it as an auspicious number, others may not place as much importance on it. Additionally, while the number 9 is generally considered lucky, there are some instances where it may be considered unlucky. For instance, in Cantonese, the number 9 sounds similar to the word for “suffering” or “pain,” which may make it an unlucky number in certain contexts.
In conclusion, the number nine is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture. It is associated with longevity, completeness, power, passion, and good fortune. The number 9 holds great significance in Chinese numerology, astrology, and Feng Shui and is often used in important events and celebrations. However, it is important to recognize that the significance of the number 9 may vary from region to region and from person to person and that it may not always be considered lucky in certain contexts.
The pronunciation of the number 9 in Chinese, “ji” ()), sounds similar to the pronunciation of the word for wine, “ji” ()). This has led to the association of the number 9 with wine in Chinese culture. It is believed that the number 9 represents good luck and longevity, and drinking wine is often seen as a way to celebrate these things. In fact, in many Chinese celebrations, such as weddings and business banquets, it is customary to serve and drink wine in groups of nine to bring good luck and blessings. Additionally, the number 9 is also associated with the Chinese Emperor, as he was considered the “ninth” member of the celestial hierarchy, and it was believed that he had the ability to confer longevity and good fortune. Therefore, serving wine in groups of nine was also a way to pay tribute to the Emperor and his power.
What does the number 9 mean in Chinese Feng Shui?
According to traditional Chinese Feng Shui, the number nine has extraordinary good luck. The element of fire, the planet Mars, and the directional south are all linked to this symbol. Numerology 9 is commonly used in Feng Shui cures and remedies because of its association with prosperity.
The Nine Flying Stars are arguably the most well-known application of the number nine in Feng Shui. This common Feng Shui technique involves mapping out a nine-square area to determine the best way to balance the energy in a given room. There are nine different kinds of energy, or “stars,” represented by the numbers 1 through 9 in each grid. The year is represented by the central grid, while wealth, career, and relationships are represented by the outer grids.
Number 9 represents the most fortunate star in the chart, the star of future prosperity. Many people believe that by tapping into the power of the number 9, they will be blessed with financial success and happiness. To do this, put nine of anything in the appropriate grid, like nine coins or nine red envelopes.
Furthermore, the Bagua, a Feng Shui tool used to map the energy of a space, is linked to the number nine. Each of the eight sectors in the bagua is meant to represent a different aspect of one’s life, such as health, wealth, or relationships. The number 9 corresponds to the fame and reputation sector of the Bagua, which is located at the center of the map, representing equilibrium and harmony.
Putting nines of anything—red candles, red flowers, anything—in the fame and reputation sector of your home is said to bring fame, fortune, and success. It is also believed that by focusing on the energy of the number 9, one can rise in one’s social standing and reputation.
The number nine also has special significance in Chinese New Year traditions and decorations. During Chinese New Year, it is customary to hang nine oranges or nine red packets from the ceiling in the living room to bring good fortune and wealth in the coming year.
Number 9 in Chinese characters
In Chinese, the number 9 is written as “,” which is pronounced as “jiǔ”. The character “” is a simple character consisting of two horizontal strokes, one above the other, and a vertical stroke cutting through the center. The character is said to resemble a person standing tall, symbolizing longevity and success. In Chinese culture, the number nine is considered a lucky number, and it is often associated with abundance, harmony, and prosperity.
In Chinese mythology,
In Chinese mythology, the number nine () is considered a powerful and auspicious number, associated with heaven and the emperor. Here are some examples of the significance of the number nine in Chinese mythology:
- Nine Heavens: In ancient Chinese cosmology, there were believed to be nine heavens, each ruled by a different deity.
- Nine Dragons: In Chinese mythology, the dragon is a symbol of power and strength, and there are often references to nine dragons. The most famous example is the “Nine-Dragon Wall” in Beijing, which is decorated with images of nine different dragons.
- Nine-Tailed Fox: The nine-tailed fox is a mythical creature in Chinese folklore that is said to have the power to shape-shift and control people’s minds. It is often portrayed as a beautiful woman with nine foxtails.
- Nine Songs: The Nine Songs () is a collection of ancient Chinese poetry that is said to have been written by the legendary poet Qu Yuan. The poems are considered to be some of the greatest works of Chinese literature, and they are often associated with the power of the number nine.
- Nine-Layered Heaven: In Chinese mythology, the universe is divided into nine layers, with the highest layer being the Nine-Layered Heaven, which is the dwelling place of the gods.
- Nine-Headed Bird: The Nine-Headed Bird is a mythical creature in Chinese mythology that is said to have nine heads and be able to control the weather. It is often depicted on ancient Chinese artifacts and is considered a symbol of power and good luck.
Number 9 in the journey to the west
In the Chinese classic novel “Journey to the West,” it is said that the Tang monk and his three disciples, Monkey King, Pigsy, and Sandy, had to undergo 81 difficult trials before they could obtain the Buddhist scriptures from the Western Heaven.
However, in some versions and adaptations of the story, it is said that they actually experienced 99 or even 108 difficulties instead of 81. The exact number varies depending on the source, but the basic idea is that the journey was extremely challenging and full of obstacles.
Each of the trials was designed to test the monk and his disciples in various ways, such as their strength, wisdom, and perseverance. Some of the challenges they faced included battles with fierce monsters, crossing treacherous rivers and mountains, and enduring harsh weather conditions.
Despite the many difficulties they encountered, the monk and his disciples persisted in their quest to retrieve the sacred Buddhist scriptures and bring them back to China. Through their determination and bravery, they were able to overcome all of the obstacles in their path and successfully complete their mission.
The idea of “99 or 81 difficulties” in “Journey to the West” has become a popular cultural reference in China, often used to describe a challenging or arduous journey or task that requires great effort and perseverance to overcome.
In the classic Chinese novel “Journey to the West,” the number 9 is associated with the nine-tailed fox, a mythical creature that appears in several chapters of the book. The nine-tailed fox is often portrayed as a powerful and cunning demon that can transform into a beautiful woman to seduce men and steal their life force.
In one chapter of the novel, the protagonist, the Monkey King, encounters a nine-tailed fox demon who has been terrorizing a local village. The Monkey King battles the demon and eventually defeats her by using a magic staff that can expand to any size.
The number 9 is also associated with the nine-headed insect demon, a creature that is encountered by the Monkey King and his companions on their journey to the West. The nine-headed insect demon has nine heads, each of which can spew a deadly poison. The Monkey King defeats the demon by using his magic powers to create the illusion of thousands of monkey kings attacking the demon simultaneously.
Chinese idioms with the number 9
(jiu wu zhi zun)
The “royal prerogative” refers to a set of powers and privileges historically held by monarchs or sovereigns, such as the power to grant pardons, make appointments, command the armed forces, and create or dissolve governments. In modern times, many of these powers have been transferred to elected officials or have been limited by law or constitutional provisions.
九九归真：（jiu jiu gui zhen)
Is a Chinese idiom that means “returning to the origin after a long and winding journey”. One possible English translation of this idiom is “the final return to the original source after a long and winding journey.”
(jiu si yi sheng)
The phrase “九死一生” typically describes a situation where someone has survived an extremely dangerous ordeal. It is often used to describe someone who has overcome great risks and difficulties to achieve success or to describe someone who has survived a very dangerous situation by luck. A possible English translation of this phrase could be “nine deaths and one life,” emphasizing the severity of the danger and the rarity of survival.
Chinese Festivals Related to September
The ninth day of the ninth lunar month marks the Double Ninth Festival, also known as the Chongyang Festival, a traditional Chinese celebration. As the ninth day of the ninth month falls on what is considered to be a double yang day (nine is a yang number in Chinese culture), this is a particularly lucky time to start something new.
The Double Ninth Festival has been celebrated for a very long time, with its earliest documented celebration taking place during the Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE). It is believed that the festival was first celebrated as a means to protect people from evil spirits and diseases during the transition from autumn to winter.
Climbing mountains, drinking chrysanthemum tea, and feasting on traditional pastries called “Chongyang cakes” are just some of the common ways that people across China celebrate the Double Ninth Festival. The elderly are especially likely to participate in a mountain ascent during the Double Ninth Festival, as this activity is thought to promote health and longevity. Also significant during the festival is the chrysanthemum, which is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine and is thought to have purifying properties.
One of the most significant parts of the Double Ninth Festival is the commemoration of ancestors. Cleaning and tending to the graves of ancestors is a common way for people to show their appreciation and respect on this day across much of China. The importance of filial piety and reverence for one’s elders is heavily emphasized in Confucian culture, so this custom is especially significant there.
In China, the number “119” is commonly associated with rescue and firefighting services. The reason for this is that in China, “119” is the equivalent of “911” in the United States; it is the emergency phone number for the fire department.
In the 1950s, China established the emergency number “119,” which has since gained widespread recognition and use. Dialing “119” in China will connect you to your local fire department, which can send firefighters and rescue personnel to the scene of an emergency.
The number “119” has a double meaning in Chinese culture: both as a reference to the local emergency services and as a symbol of good fortune. This is due to the fact that “119” is a combination of two auspicious numbers—the number 9 and the number 8.
In addition, the Chinese have a number of superstitions and beliefs centered around the number 119. If you see the number “119” on a license plate or phone number, you may consider it a good omen; however, if you see it in a dream, it may serve as a warning of impending danger or bad fortune.
Over all, the number “119” is significant in China, both culturally and practically, as it connects those in need of rescue to the hardworking firefighters and rescue workers who are there to help them.
In China, a “996 schedule” means working from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., six days a week. The term has become a hot-button issue in China’s tech industry after rising to prominence there. Workers in the technology sector have often grumbled about long hours and low pay and benefits.
In China, the number 996 has become the subject of heated debate. Many people in the tech industry believe that putting in long hours is essential to making it to the top. They claim that people who work “996” schedules are more committed to their jobs and therefore more likely to achieve their goals.
However, critics say the “996” schedule undermines workers’ rights and breaks the law. They claim workers are being exploited by being made to work long hours for little pay and few benefits. Better working conditions and benefits have been called for by some.
The Chinese government has taken measures in response to the controversy. In 2019, guidelines were issued by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security requiring businesses to adhere to labor laws and regulations, such as maximum allowable workweek lengths. It is unclear, however, whether or not these guidelines will lead to substantive improvements for tech workers once they are put into action.
985 has no meaning in Chinese.
The “Project 985” initiative was first introduced by the Chinese government in 1998, hence the “985” moniker. To improve China’s higher education system and boost the country’s international standing, the government launched a program to create a number of top-tier universities in the country.
A total of 39 universities from all over China were chosen to participate in the program, which is intended to help them grow into world-class research universities. It was expected of these schools that they would construct cutting-edge research facilities, recruit the best and brightest students and teachers from all over the globe, and foster an environment conducive to innovation and entrepreneurship.
Many of the universities that took part in the program are now considered to be among the best in China and the world thanks to the progress they made thanks to the initiative. China now has a large number of prestigious universities and research institutions, thanks in large part to this program’s impact on the country’s higher education system.
Project 985 gets its moniker from the launch date of May 8, 1998 (9/8/5 in Chinese date format), hence the name. The number nine represents perfection in the ancient Chinese book of divination known as the I Ching, whose name is meant to evoke the image of the book’s 64 hexagrams.
To sum up, in Chinese culture, the number nine has a significant and unique significance. Lifespan, wholeness, strength, ardor, and success are all part of its symbolic meaning. The number nine represents prosperity and good fortune in Chinese culture, making it a popular symbol in numerology, astrology, and Feng Shui.