White is a color that holds significant meaning in Chinese culture. While it is often associated with purity, cleanliness, and innocence in Western cultures, in China, it is viewed from a more complex perspective.
what is white color?
White is a color that is often associated with purity, innocence, and cleanliness. It is the color that is created when all colors of the visible light spectrum are combined together in equal parts. Because of its association with light and purity, white has been used symbolically in many cultures throughout history.
In Chinese culture, white is an interesting and complex color that has both positive and negative associations. On one hand, white is associated with purity and innocence, much like in Western culture. It is often used in Chinese weddings, where the bride will typically wear a white wedding dress. White is also associated with the metal element and is seen as a symbol of strength and bravery.
types of Chinese whites
Milk white, ivory white, pearl white, scallion white, jade white, fish belly white, grass white, gray white, rice white, snow white, pure white, etc. White is a color that contains all the colors in the spectrum of light. White has the highest brightness and no hue. White light can be obtained by mixing the three primary colors of light in the spectrum, blue, red, and green, in a certain proportion. The mixture of all visible light in the spectrum is also white light. This color represents purity in contemporary times.
White is a neutral color and is often used as the background color for web pages and in printed materials. There is a misconception that white is boring or using white will make something look outdated and lacking in creativity. However, many designers have used white to create beautiful design works.
White is a neutral color and is often used as the background color for web pages and in printed materials. There is a misconception that white is boring or using white will make something look outdated and lacking in creativity. However, many designers have used white to create beautiful design works.
what does white symbolize in China?
- White is a color that represents brightness, purity, simplicity, and happiness. It hWhite is refreshing, flawless, icy, and simple. It is the opposite of black, conveying a sense of purity, ease, and joy. A dense white can give a sense of grandeur and a winter atmosphere. In the East, it also symbolizes death and bad luck.
- Adding a small amount of red to white creates a light pink color that is fresh and alluring. Adding a small amount of yellow to white creates a milky yellow color that gives a fragrant impression. Adding a small amount of blue to white gives a feeling of cleanliness and coldness. Adding a small amount of orange to white creates a dry atmosphere. Adding a small amount of green to white gives a feeling of naivety and softness. Adding a small amount of purple to white can induce thoughts of a faint fragrance.
- The zodiac sign Cancer, which emphasizes a good quality of life, can choose white to maintain harmony and complement its characteristics.
- In many cultures, white symbolizes purity, innocence, and sacredness. However, in China, Japan, and India, according to tradition, white represents death and mourning (Europeans also wore white mourning clothes for a time). In Buddhism, white is always associated with lotus flowers, symbolizing light and purity, as well as knowledge and enlightenment. Native Americans believe that white represents the human soul, and Islamic Sufis view white as a symbol of wisdom.
- In China, white is more of a taboo word. In the ancient Five Elements theory, the west is represented by the White Tiger, which signifies the withering and killing of autumn. Therefore, white represents depletion, lack of blood, and lifelessness, symbolizing death and bad luck. Hence, traditionally, when a relative dies, the family must wear white mourning clothes, hold a “white event,” set up a white memorial hall, and wave a white banner during the funeral procession. In the past, the white tiger was also seen as an ominous god, and women who brought bad luck to men were called the “white tiger star.”
- White also symbolizes reactionism, backwardness, and wickedness. In war, the losing side always raises a “white flag” to surrender. People who are intellectually deficient are called “idiots” or “morons.” To work hard but not achieve anything is called “working in vain,” “wasting effort,” or “doing something for nothing.” It also symbolizes cunning and evil, such as the term “white face” or “white-faced villain.” It also represents ignorance and a lack of official position, as in calling commoners “bai ding.”
- Of course, in Chinese, white also has a positive meaning. White gives people a feeling of cleanliness and brightness, so we can say “as white as jade” or “white snow in spring.” White expresses “justice, brightness, and kindness,” as in the term “white angels.”
as a sacred and inviolable nature. Adding any other color to white can affect its purity and make its character more subdued.
which chinese ethnic groups like white?
the Zang nationality
The White Culture of Tibetans: In Tibet, white is the most common and revered color. In the long winter season of Tibet, the world becomes a vast sea of snow. Even in summer, the Himalayas in the south and the Gangdise Mountains in the north are still covered with snow. White snow accompanies the people of Tibet throughout the year. As the saying goes, auspicious snow brings a rich harvest, and the first year’s snow can bring a bountiful harvest in the following year. However, this kind of snow that brings prosperity cannot be too small or too large. If it is too small, it will cause drought and there will be no harvest. If it is too large, it will bring snow disasters and threaten people’s lives and property. Thus, the people’s gratitude and awe towards the snow that brings prosperity naturally arise.
In such harsh natural environments on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the people of the plateau have maintained their livelihoods through agricultural and pastoral production for generations. The main crop is barley, and the main livestock are sheep. The tsampa (roasted barley flour) made from barley is white, the barley wine made from barley is white, the clothes they wear are made from white wool, the butter they eat is white, and the milk they drink is also white… In short, white nurtures and sustains their lives. White gives people so much and is so important to their lives, so it has become the color that they revere.
In Tibet, white is a symbol of righteousness, kindness, nobility, purity, auspiciousness, and joy. Anything that is white can become a reason for people’s worship and love, and even the gods and goddesses who are imagined to help people are closely associated with white. The white Mount Everest is referred to as a “goddess of longevity” dressed in white, while the white Kangdese Mountain is considered a “sacred mountain” in people’s hearts, and even inconspicuous white stones are recognized as “spiritual stones”. In Tibetan Buddhism, which is deeply rooted in every corner of Tibet, white is an essential color: white prayer flags and white pagodas are everywhere, and one of the five major sects, the Gelug sect, which is more white than other sects, is commonly referred to as the “White Sect”. The beloved bodhisattva Avalokitesvara in Buddhism is also dressed in white. Correspondingly, black has become a symbol of evil and disaster, and all the demons imagined by people are black.
People not only attribute symbolic meanings to white in the supernatural world, but they have also integrated white into daily life and the real world. For example, Tibetan clothing is often paired with white shirts, white tents are common, and the doors of houses are adorned with white auspicious patterns. When welcoming and sending off guests, people present white khatas as a gesture of good wishes. When a girl gets married, riding a white horse symbolizes good luck. When drinking and celebrating, white wool is hung on the wine pot. Even when a family member passes away, a white tsampa is used to draw the route to guide the deceased to the Pure Land.
In some special primitive religious ceremonies in Tibetan areas, white is a symbol of auspiciousness and joy. For example, in a blessing ceremony, people continuously toss roasted flour into the air to create white powder, symbolizing good luck. In the Mianning Tibetan area of Sichuan, a bull king festival is held every 13 years. During the ceremony, the mountain god is invited, and a “human bodhisattva” or “white bodhisattva” is selected in the village. This person must wear a white linen robe, white hat, and white shoes.
The Mongolians have always admired the color white. In ancient times, they believed that the most sacred colors were white and blue. White symbolizes good luck, purity, sincerity, kindness, and so on. They divide food into two categories: white and red. White food, such as milk tea and dairy products, is the main diet in daily life. When entertaining guests, they serve white food first as a sign of respect, followed by red meat. They also prefer white horses and Mongolian yurts covered with white felt. During weddings, the bride wears a white robe, and one of the rituals is for the elders to apply pure white milk on the couple’s foreheads to express their blessings.
Marco Polo’s travelogue accurately records the Mongolians’ admiration for the color white: “The Tartars celebrate the beginning of the new year on the second month of the Western calendar. On this day, the Khan and all his subjects put on white clothes according to their customs, believing that this is a symbol of good luck. They hope that everything will go well and they will be happy and healthy throughout the year… Nobles, princes, and people of all classes exchange white gifts with each other in their homes and congratulate each other joyfully: ‘Wishing you all the best for the year, with countless blessings.’ When Genghis Khan was proclaimed as the Khan, he erected a white banner with nine tails, and presented it as his royal emblem. This is because the Mongolians regard the number nine as auspicious and white as pure.” (New Annotation of Mongolian Secret History) When the conquered leader of the Western Xia presented tribute to Genghis Khan, he offered ninety-nine items of gifts, all in white, including silver, snakes, horses, and sheep.
The meaning of purity and auspiciousness associated with the color white is also ubiquitous in the daily life of Mongolians. For example, during festivals or when friends and family members are traveling, they offer blessings with white dairy products. They give white scarves, known as “khadags,” to friends and respected individuals to represent purity and simplicity, symbolizing a pure heart and also representing friendship and peace. During festivals, people often wear white robes, especially the elderly who wear white shirts, symbolizing sanctity and longevity. In the past, Mongolian nobles referred to their ethnic group as “chagan yasun” (the white race); they referred to the first lunar month as “white month” and the Spring Festival as “white festival.” Good-hearted people were referred to as “chagan sitergetantan” (white people), delicious food was called “chagan yidegen” (white food), and the grandest religious activity, the sky worship ceremony, was called the “white ceremony,” among others.
Many places are also named after “chagan” (white), such as “Chagan Sumu” (White Temple), “Chagan Windyur” (White Highland), “Chagan Hua” (White Alkaline Land), “Chagan Nuoer” (White Lake), “Chagan Tala” (White Lawn), and “Bachagan” (a fertile white land), among others. Folk boys are fondly called “chagan hu” (little white guy, or lucky boy), and Genghis Khan’s second son was also called “Chagan Tai” (having white). They also combine “chagan” with other words to form numerous names, such as “chagan chulu” (white stone), “chagan qiqige” (white flower), “chagan babaisi” (white tiger), “chagan bayar” (white joy), “chagan shubu” (white eagle), and so on.
manchu ethnic group
The Manchu people also have a great love for white, using it to symbolize brightness and justice. In Shamanism, white is believed to be the natural color of the sky, gods, and celestial bodies such as the sun, moon, and stars. As a result, white is regarded as an auspicious color and held in high esteem. White is also seen as a symbol of youth. In ancient times, the Manchus often wore white armor when going to war. The Manchu people worship white mountain stones, and in the past, three stones were often placed under the sacred pole to ward off evil and eliminate demons. During ancestor worship, a male sheep with a black head and white body is preferred, with pure white being the best.
The Tu ethnic group regards white as auspicious. There is a special custom in which when a daughter gets married, she cannot take all the auspicious fortune, offspring, and wealth from her natal family. Instead, she must choose a substitute that can breed and develop, bring prosperity and auspiciousness – a pure white ewe. Therefore, at the wedding, a white ewe called “yangli” is taken by the groom’s representative “nashkin” to the bride’s family and left as a substitute for the bride. When the bride sets off, Nashkin sings wedding songs and keeps swinging the white coat back and forth while moving the dance steps left and right. It is said that swinging the white coat is intended to ward off evil and bring good luck. The Kazakhs also regard white as a symbol of truth, happiness, and fortune. The most obvious feature is the white felt yurt.
Married women wear white cloth to cover their heads throughout the year, draped over their shoulders on both sides and draped over their waist from behind, embroidered with various colorful patterns. In hot summers, herdsmen often wear white triangular scarves on their heads. The decorative fabrics in their homes are mostly white, such as embroidered bedspreads, white thread-woven tablecloths, embroidered white curtains, and canopies. They regard white animals as sacred, especially white birds. When praying to the gods, they must sacrifice livestock, and the color of the sacrificed livestock is very particular. Camels should be white, sheep should have white heads, and horses with blue chrysanthemums and white facial markings are preferred. When asking for divination, when children get sick, or when having nightmares or being frightened, they must offer alms, and the color and quantity of the alms are specified, with white cloth being preferred, and the quantity being odd. When slaughtering sheep for guests, black sheep cannot be slaughtered, as they are considered to be unlucky. If there is only a black sheep in the house and it must be slaughtered, a white cloth can be tied to the black sheep to indicate that it is not entirely black. Because they value white, they regard white foxes as sacred animals, and there are many folk taboos related to foxes.
The Tajik people value the color white. In their history, they believed in the Zoroastrian religion, and the influence of the Ahura Mazda civilization is still present among the Tajiks today. They consider white to symbolize nobility, purity, and happiness, bringing light to people’s lives. They consider fire to be a symbol of divinity, representing purity, vitality, and radiance. During religious ceremonies, they wear white hats and use white cloth to represent the supreme goodness of the gods. Sun symbols can also be found in the murals of their graveyards. In the traditional Shoghbonov holiday, white flour is sprinkled on the groom’s shoulders, and red and white ribbons are wrapped around his hat. They also respect white birds, and an ancient folk song called “Sipar-i-Safed Taigor” (The White Bird) is still widely sung in the Sarez Lake area. During Tajik weddings, the mother or elder sister-in-law sprinkles some flour on the gifts that guests bring to show good luck. In some places, female guests also bring white flour along with their gifts. When they arrive at the bride’s house, they scatter the flour on the walls to show their blessings. When a child is born, friends and family come to congratulate and sprinkle white flour on the child to express their good wishes.
Is white a lucky color in China?
In China, white is considered an inauspicious color. It is associated with mourning and is traditionally worn at funerals to express grief and remembrance for the deceased. In some regions of the country, it is customary to hang white couplets on the door during the first year after an elderly person’s passing to show respect and remembrance. As a result, wearing white during the Chinese New Year is still considered taboo in certain areas.
white in chinese history
According to historical records, in ancient times people discovered different colors, each of which had different meanings. Among them, five colors were considered the most orthodox, namely black, white, green, yellow, and red.
In the classification of historical records, black and white represent day and night, green represents the heavens, yellow represents the earth, and red represents flames and blood. We can see from this that the five colors represent the early beliefs and basic cultural foundations of people, and white is a very pure color associated with the phenomena of heaven and earth.
According to the Records of the Grand Historian, during the Yin and Shang dynasties, people greatly revered the color white and regarded it as the most auspicious and sacred color. For example, the Yin and Shang people liked to use white as a decorative color, and most of their clothing was white. Even their sacrifices in the ancestral temple were associated with white.
Furthermore, they also favored auspicious animals that were mostly white, such as white foxes, white birds, white cattle, and white pigs. Anything white was considered pure, sacred, and uncontaminated, and was often thought to be a medium for communicating with ancestors and gods.
We once had a saying that the waves behind push those ahead and the front ones die on the beach. In fact, throughout the dynastic changes in Chinese history, this has been the basic pattern. Any new dynasty that rises to power and establishes its rule must spare no effort to destroy everything from the previous dynasty. During the Shang Dynasty, people revered white as the purest color, so the succeeding Zhou Dynasty had to isolate itself from the previous dynasty and launch a devastating attack on their beliefs.
The most obvious manifestation of this was that while the Shang Dynasty viewed white as the purest color, the Zhou Dynasty regarded it as an ominous color. On the one hand, this was a way to show everyone that the Shang Dynasty was a bad dynasty, and its existence was inherently unreasonable. This is like the later Zhou Dynasty heavily discrediting King Zhou of Shang and accusing the Shang Dynasty of human sacrifice, all in order to elevate themselves and establish legitimacy.
Therefore, after white lost its position as the most sacred color, it became a sacrificial victim in the establishment of the legitimacy of dynastic change. Along with the death of King Zhou, the previously pure white color eventually became commonplace and even associated with evil omens.
According to historical records, the Five Elements mutually generate and control each other, and during the Shang Dynasty, gold was represented and white was revered. In contrast, during the Zhou Dynasty, fire was represented and used to control gold, so their favored color became red.
Therefore, since they believed in the mutual generation and control of the Five Elements, and since they were the new dynasty replacing the previous one, they had to be completely opposed to white and elevate red to the highest position.
As a result, white gradually became associated with various ominous items, such as funeral attire and other things people were superstitious about. In short, white went from being a symbol of purity to one of ominousness, and this became the basic ideology of the ruling class and the general public during the Zhou Dynasty because the theory of the mutual generation and control of the Five Elements had become deeply ingrained in people’s minds, and the outcome had also affirmed this logical reasoning process.
how did they make white in ancient China?
In ancient China, there were records of the preparation of lead white. In 1637, during the Ming Dynasty, Song Yingxing described the method of making “Hu Fen” (lead white) in his famous book “Tiangong Kaiwu”. The process involved placing rolled lead sheets in a wooden barrel along with two bottles of vinegar, one at the bottom and one in the middle. The barrel was then sealed with clay and paper and heated over a low fire for seven days. After opening the barrel, the powdery surface of the lead sheets was scraped into a container of water, and this process was repeated until all the lead was consumed. Then, bean flour and clam shell powder were added to the container to mix with the lead white and create Hu Fen. This method is similar to the Dutch process of making lead white, except for the use of heat and carbon dioxide from burning organic materials.
In another book from the Ming Dynasty, “Bencao Gangmu” (published around 1596), the description of lead white is titled “Fen Xi” (tin powder). The author, Li Shizhen, pointed out that the so-called tin powder was actually made from lead. Lead white has different names in Chinese literature, including Hu Fen, Lead Powder, and Water Powder. The method of making lead white described in “Bencao Gangmu” is actually the same as that described in “Tiangong Kaiwu”. The toxicity of lead vapors can cause workers to become ill or even die, as noted in “Bencao Gangmu”. Li Shizhen also mentioned that the last emperor of the Shang Dynasty (around 11th century BC) burned lead and tin to make powder, according to the work of Zhang Hua from around 270 AD, but it is unclear whether this process produced lead white.
A book called “Fan Tzu Chi Jan” from ancient China records the use of lead to make white powder. It is said that the book was written by the famous minister Fan Li near the end of the Spring and Autumn period (5th century BC). The original book was lost long before the Han Dynasty (202 BC to 220 AD), but some of its content was passed down and rewritten during the Han Dynasty, and was included in the early Song Dynasty (983 AD) in the “Tai Ping Yu Lan” book. Therefore, it is more appropriate to view the book as a work from the Han Dynasty. The book’s description of the above white powder production process is: “Black lead in a metal can (or pot) turns into lead yellow (or red lead), and then turns into water powder.” The ambiguous word in this sentence is “can” (or “pot”), which generally means “error”, but in ancient China, it also referred to small metal cans or pots (ding, a type of cooking utensil). According to this sentence, the process of making lead white powder in ancient China was to heat the metal lead to produce lead monoxide, which then turned into white powder in water.
According to Mello’s explanation, lead near its melting point exposed to air will form a gray powder on the surface, which contains Pb2O. Lead at its melting point will produce yellow PbO oxide, which gradually turns into red Pb3O4. PbO is not easily hydrated and is difficult to directly carbonate, although it can be easily oxidized, hydrated, and carbonated in lead acetate or lead ammonium acetate solution. On the other hand, Pb2O is easily oxidized, hydrated, and carbonated. According to the so-called “gentle method”, lead white can be made using metal lead, water, and carbon dioxide.
ancient chinese white makeup
Throughout history, women have applied makeup to create beautiful and colorful effects. However, the two main categories of makeup have always been white makeup and red makeup, which represent the beauty of snow-white skin and blushing cheeks, respectively. This has been depicted in poetry, painting, and sculpture.
The pure and flawless beauty of a woman’s skin is compared to moonlight and snow in the description of “white makeup,” which is achieved by applying white powder to the cheeks without using rouge. People love the beauty of jade, and they also love the beauty of a woman’s face that resembles jade. Jade is considered a symbol of good moral character, and its smooth and radiant surface is integrated with the complexion of a woman’s skin. “Powder white and ink black” mentioned in ancient Chinese literature refers to white makeup and black eyebrows. In the Han dynasty, “Jiao Si Ge” praised the goddess with a white face like a pure and beautiful peony: “Multitudes of flowers bloomed together, beautiful and marvelous, with a face like a peony, blooming to the fullest.” The women depicted in “The Goddess of the Luo River” by Gu Kaizhi, a famous artist of the Eastern Jin dynasty, also wore white makeup.
White makeup was also popular in the Southern and Tang dynasties. According to “Zhonghua Gujin Zhu” by Ma Gao, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Liang dynasty, “The emperor ordered palace women to comb their hair into the heart-shaped bun and wear white makeup with black eyebrows.” It is also said that Yang Guifei, a famous Tang dynasty imperial consort, wore white makeup with black eyebrows. Bai Juyi, a poet of the Tang dynasty, wrote in “Song of Everlasting Regret,” “Her jade-like face was lonely with dried tears, and the pear blossom branch in spring carried the rain.” He described Yang Yuhuan, the imperial consort who wore white makeup, as pure and beautiful as a white pear blossom.
During the Yuan dynasty, Xu Zaisi wrote a poem called “Zhegui Ling” for the famous courtesan Yu Lian. The poem described her beauty as pure and white as a lotus flower: “Jingshan Mountain is a beautiful sight, and she hands over a cup to Feng Yi, which floats on the waves. With white feathers and fragrant coldness, her robe is heavy with dew, and her powdered face is melting like ice. She knows that nature has favored her, and her beauty washes away all the redness of her coquettishness. With the moon above the lotus, she stands behind the curtain. Taihua’s morning clouds and Taiye’s autumn breeze.” At that time, the murals of the women in the Yongle Palace in Shanxi also showed them with a white, luminous face like jade.
In the Song dynasty, Yan Jidao wrote in his poem “Butterflies in Love with Flowers,” “Morning makeup is used to create a scent of crispness and coldness.” This may refer to women using transparent facial cream to moisturize their skin, without using rouge, which is also known as white makeup.
why is white important in Chinese culture?
White has various cultural meanings in China, and its importance depends on the context in which it is used. Here are some examples:
Mourning: White is traditionally worn at funerals in China to express grief and remembrance for the deceased. It is associated with death and the afterlife, and is believed to help the spirit of the departed to find its way to the next world.
Purity and simplicity: In Chinese aesthetics, white is associated with purity, simplicity, and elegance. It is a popular color in clothing, architecture, and art, and is often used to convey a sense of refinement and sophistication.
Weddings: In some regions of China, the bride wears a white dress on her wedding day, similar to Western traditions. However, in other regions, red is the dominant color for weddings, as it symbolizes happiness and good fortune.
Feng shui: In feng shui, the Chinese system of geomancy, white is associated with the metal element and is believed to promote clarity, focus, and efficiency. It is often used in interior design to create a sense of spaciousness and tranquility.
Overall, the significance of white in Chinese culture is complex and multifaceted, and varies depending on the specific cultural context in which it is used.
china houses white walls
The white walls of Southern Chinese buildings are a response to the region’s abundant colors and intense sunlight. By reflecting the sun’s rays, they provide a cool and refreshing feeling during the hot summer months. If the walls were painted in bright colors, it would only exacerbate the oppressive heat and cause feelings of irritability.
The tiles used for the roofs were originally dark, with a bluish-black hue. However, over time, the rain caused moss and other organic matter to grow on the tiles, turning them black. The combination of black and white creates a sense of simplicity and elegance that is well-suited for the summer climate in the region.
Most traditional Southern Chinese buildings are constructed using a framework of wooden pillars and beams without the use of large horizontal beams. The walls are made of thin brick or bamboo screens, and the exterior is usually painted white to reflect sunlight. The roofs are also thinner than those in the north, and the bottom of the walls are often made of stone to prevent moisture damage. Inside the buildings, different areas are separated by traditional screens, wooden buckets, and other decorative items.
In the lush and colorful environment of Southern China, white walls are a popular choice for reflecting sunlight and providing a cool, refreshing feeling during the hot summer months. The use of white walls and black tiles creates a sense of simplicity and elegance that is particularly suited to the region’s climate.
What are some white flowers?
White flowers include: hibiscus, balloon flower, snow in June, jasmine, gardenia, hydrangea, white tea flower, white rose, lily of the valley, and onion orchid.
Hibiscus is a herbaceous plant of the Malvaceae family, native to India, Malaysia, and China. Hibiscus prefers sunny and dry environments, and is resistant to heat but not cold. It prefers sunny locations and loose, fertile soil, but can also grow in relatively poor soil. The flower resembles a butterfly and comes in colors such as pink, red, purple, white, yellow, and gold, with some varieties displaying multiple colors on the same plant. The flowering period is from July to October.
Balloon flower is a plant of the Bellflower family. The flower comes in blue, white, and light green colors. It prefers cool environments but can also tolerate some shade, and likes moist and well-drained sandy loam soil with abundant organic matter. It is native to China, Japan, and Korea, and is widely cultivated throughout China. The flowering period is from June to September.
Snow in June:
Snow in June is an evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family that can reach up to 90 cm in height and has a strong odor. The flower is light red or white, and blooms from May to July. It is a subtropical tree species that prefers warm and humid climate conditions and soil that is semi-shady, loose, fertile, and well-drained, with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. It is not very cold-resistant, and requires winter greenhouse protection above 0℃.
Jasmine is a plant of the Oleaceae family. Jasmine flowers are highly fragrant, and are a famous tea and perfume ingredient. Most varieties are sensitive to cold and drought, and are not tolerant of frost, waterlogging, or alkaline soil. When the temperature drops below 3℃ in winter, the branches and leaves are prone to frost damage, and prolonged exposure can result in death.
Gardenia is an evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family. It blooms white flowers with a strong fragrance in spring and summer. Gardenia prefers to grow in slightly acidic soil, so it is important to choose acidic soil for cultivation. It also requires a warm and humid environment with ample sunlight, making its water and air humidity needs important.
Hydrangea is a plant in the Hydrangea genus of the Saxifragaceae family. Its flowers are full, large and beautiful, with colors ranging from red to blue, making it a common potted ornamental plant. The flowers are dense and come in pink, light blue, or white, blooming from June to August. Hydrangea is a short-day plant, forming flower buds after being in darkness for over 10 hours a day for about 45-50 days. When cultivating, it is best to avoid direct sunlight and provide 60%-70% shading.
Tea Camellia is an original angiosperm. Its flowers are white, and it is a traditional and famous flower species in China. It is a warm-temperate tree species that prefers a mild, moist, and refreshing semi-shaded environment. It is planted in various areas of Jiangnan, and can be propagated by sowing, cuttings, or grafting. It is often used to beautify the scenery in hilly and mountainous areas and is planted on the north side of other evergreen trees or at the edge of the forest.
White Rose is a shrub of the Rosaceae family. It can grow up to 2 meters tall, and its flowers have a diameter of 4-5.5 cm, ranging from pink to white. The blooming period is from May to June, and the fruiting period is from August to September. White Rose is native to England and prefers sunlight, is relatively cold-resistant and drought-resistant, and prefers a well-drained, fertile, slightly acidic soil for good growth and blooming.
Casablanca Lily, also known as the Heavenly Lily, is a type of lily. Its native regions include the Himalayas and Australia. It is often called the queen of lilies and has spots that are common on lilies but not visible on its petals. Its pure white petals are proud, and its flower language is “great love.”
Spider Lily, also known as Crinum, is a perennial herbaceous plant with white flowers. It is native to South America but has been planted in various regions of China. It likes plenty of sunshine and is tolerant to partial shade. It is commonly used as a border material for flower beds, and is also suitable for planting in green spaces. It is most suitable as an undergrowth plant in semi-shaded areas under trees or planted along garden paths.
is white a good feng shui color?
Traditional Chinese Feng Shui believes that color is an inherent attribute of all objects, and it can influence people’s psychology, emotions, and even life. Different colors also represent different meanings, and white is one of them. In Feng Shui, white represents “Da Bai”, which means an all-encompassing and powerful magical force. It has a strong magic power that can help people purify the environment, making it a happy and harmonious family.
For example, white decoration can make the atmosphere in the home more warm and welcoming. White walls can resist negative external energies, protecting family members from outside interference. In addition, white can absorb negative energies in the home, shielding family members from internal disputes. White can also foster respect, harmony, and strengthen the family’s cohesion.
Moreover, white can help people acquire wealth. According to Feng Shui, placing white objects in the home can stimulate the home’s wealth luck, allowing family members to have more wealth. Additionally, white can also help family members achieve more success. Placing white objects in the home can stimulate the home’s wisdom, allowing family members to have more success.
In summary, white has significant meaning in traditional Chinese Feng Shui. It can help family members acquire more wealth and success, creating a happy and harmonious home.
white in yin and yang meaning
In the Taiji diagram, black represents yin, and white represents yang.
The Taiji diagram is said to have been created by Chen Tuan, a Taoist priest from the Song Dynasty. Chen Tuan was well-versed in Taoist thought and the study of the Book of Changes. According to historical records, Chen Tuan passed on the Taiji Diagram, Bagua Diagram, River Map, and Luo Shu to his disciple Zhong Fang, who then passed them on to Mu Xiu, Li Gai, and others. Mu Xiu later transmitted the Taiji Diagram to Zhou Dunyi, who wrote the book “Explanation of the Taiji Diagram.” The Taiji diagram that we see today is the one transmitted by Zhou Dunyi.
The traditional view holds that yin and yang represent the most fundamental oppositional relationship between all things. It is an objective law of nature, the origin of the movement and change of all things, and the basic principle for humans to understand things.
The concept of yin and yang originated from the ancient Chinese people’s observation of the natural world. They found that there were various opposing yet interconnected phenomena in nature, such as heaven and earth, the sun and moon, day and night, cold and hot, male and female, and up and down. They then used philosophical thinking to summarize this concept as “yin and yang.”
white in five elements
White belongs to the element of metal in the Five Elements theory, representing wealth, prosperity, purity, and etiquette. This also indicates that people with a metal element in their destiny are pure, innocent, and kind-hearted, and are also likely to become rich and prosperous. They are generally kind-hearted, decisive, and courageous, and treat others with great warmth. People with a metal element in their destiny are also quite proud, always confident in their abilities, and know when to advance and retreat. However, they tend to lack flexibility and may not be good at adapting to changing situations.
In their career, people with a metal element in their destiny possess extremely strong energy and are natural leaders with many followers. They tend to have good luck in their lives, always having influential people to help them. Their families tend to be wealthy, and their parents and siblings will also support them. They spend their lives pursuing lofty ideals and enjoy good fortune with their wealth.
In terms of family and relationships, people with a metal element in their destiny are often full of longing and passion for love. They seldom disappoint others and once they enter into marriage, they tend to be very supportive of their family. Their love is fulfilling, and they tend to live a prosperous life. White also represents the virtue of etiquette education, and people with a metal element in their destiny have a natural talent for educating children.
In terms of health, according to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the metal element governs the lungs and large intestine, which are related to the respiratory and digestive systems. Therefore, people with a metal element in their destiny need to pay attention to their lungs and digestive system to avoid illness. They can eat more white foods such as yam and lily to help protect their lungs. When it comes to clothing, people with a metal element in their destiny should choose white, gold, and silver clothes, and avoid wearing clothes in colors such as bright red, pink, and purple, as these colors belong to the fire element and fire conquers metal.
white in Chinese mythology
In Chinese mythology, white is often associated with purity, righteousness, and divinity. White is considered to be the color of the most powerful and revered deities, such as the Jade Emperor and Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy. The White Tiger, one of the Four Symbols of Chinese mythology, is a symbol of power, strength, and courage.
white tiger in chinese mythology
In ancient Chinese mythology, the White Tiger is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations and one of the four mythical creatures. It is also considered the Western God among the revered beasts of Taoism. The White Tiger originated from the worship of ancient stars and is one of the four divine beasts of the Western Seven Mansions. The Four Symbols of ancient China include the Azure Dragon, the White Tiger, the Vermilion Bird, and the Black Tortoise. In Taoism, the White Tiger is referred to as the “Ice Guardian.”
In ancient times, the White Tiger was known for its prowess in battle and was considered the most ferocious of all the divine beasts. The White Tiger is the king of beasts, with a snowy white body, short antlers, sharp claws, and wings capable of flying through the clouds after a hundred years of cultivation.
In ancient times, people believed that the White Tiger had the power to punish evil, promote good, bring wealth and prosperity, ward off evil, avert disasters, and pray for a bountiful harvest and a happy marriage. The White Tiger also symbolizes nobility and power.
According to the theory of the Five Elements, the White Tiger represents the west and the element of metal, which is associated with the color white. Therefore, it is called the White Tiger. The White Tiger also represents might and the military. Many places in ancient China were named after the White Tiger, and they were often associated with military affairs. In ancient armies, the White Tiger was used as a military flag and symbol.
In ancient times, the White Tiger was believed to be the god of war and was in charge of weapons and warfare. Many famous generals were believed to have descended from the White Tiger star. Xue Ren Gui of the Tang Dynasty was later worshipped as the White Tiger Star Lord, and he established great military achievements for the Tang Dynasty, earning the respect of millions. In the Han Dynasty, the theory of the Five Elements was also linked to the Three Principles of People and the Five Constant Virtues, which became the symbols of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and fidelity, making the White Tiger the god of war who governs martial music.
white snake chinese mythology
The snake is often associated with negative traits such as being emotionless and having a cold body, which can give people goosebumps. However, in China, the snake has a unique cultural significance and holds a special place in people’s hearts. It is the sixth animal in the Chinese zodiac and plays an important role in Chinese mythology, representing reproduction and fertility. Our Chinese ancestors Nuwa and Fuxi were both depicted as half-human, half-snake creatures, which shows how snakes were once an important totem and symbol in ancient times. The legendary Chinese creature Xuanwu, which is a combination of a snake and a turtle, is also an important symbol in Chinese culture. The Shanhaijing, an ancient Chinese classic text, even has records of the legendary flying snake called Tengshe, which was regarded as a divine creature.
One of the most famous snake-related stories in Chinese culture is “The Legend of the White Snake.” It is a touching love story that takes place in Hangzhou during the Song Dynasty. Bai Suzhen, a snake demon who had practiced for a thousand years and gained great magical powers, transformed into a beautiful woman and roamed the human world with her maid, Xiaoqing. One day, on the broken bridge in West Lake, she met a handsome scholar named Xu Xian, and they fell deeply in love. However, their love was thwarted by a monk named Fahai, who tricked Xu Xian into giving his wife a potion that caused her to die of fright. To save her beloved husband, Bai Suzhen went to gather the Lingzhi mushroom, which consumed most of her magical powers. Later, when Fahai captured Xu Xian and took him to the Golden Mountain Temple, Bai Suzhen went to rescue him but was rejected. In a fit of anger, she flooded the temple and was ultimately trapped under the Leifeng Pagoda. This is a romantic yet tragic love story in which the snake does not harm anyone but instead transforms into a human being to pursue her own love and happiness, which has a profound significance and a lasting influence.
white Chinese dragon meaning
The white dragon is a symbol of auspiciousness in Chinese mythology and legends, bringing fame and fortune to those who encounter it. The wealth bestowed upon one by the white dragon should be used for the greater good. As a member of the five elements, the white dragon represents gold and is often depicted with its head and tail connected, symbolizing investment and return.
In folklore, dragons are regarded as the embodiment of justice, and the “Dragon Heads-Up” festival held on the second day of the second lunar month in China is a celebration of the dragon’s power to bring rain and save people’s lives. The white dragon is more commonly seen in Chinese mythology than the red dragon and is even portrayed as a character in the classic novel “Journey to the West” in the form of a white dragon horse. While the white dragon is known for its gentle nature, it is not as fierce in battle as other dragons. In some myths, the white dragon is associated with cold weather and is responsible for bringing snow to the human world, representing the western direction among the Five Great Dragons.
white hair in Chinese mythology
Tai Bai Xing Jun, also known as the White Star, is one of the most well-known gods in Chinese folk beliefs and Taoist mythology. In the Taoist mythological system, he is only the messenger of the Jade Emperor.
It is said that he is an old man with white hair and a kind expression, loyal and kind-hearted. His main duty is to convey various orders from the Jade Emperor, and as a result, he is loved by people.
The Yin Yang school believes that he is a god of war, in charge of military matters and main battles. As long as the White Star appears in a special time or area, it is a symbol of “changing times” and a precursor to revolution or government mutation, representing that something big is going to happen. “Han Shu·Tian Wen Zhi” says: “Tai Bai Jing Tian, Nai Tian Xia Ge, Min Geng Wang.” Before the Xuanwu Gate Incident of the Tang Dynasty, Fu Yi, the Tai Shi Ling, secretly reported to Tang Gaozu: “Tai Bai saw the division of Qin, and Qin Wang is about to have the world.” After Li Shimin ascended to the throne as Qin Wang, he still remembered this event.
what does white mean in chinese new year?
In China, white is considered an unlucky color, so wearing white during the Spring Festival is not a good sign. Red, on the other hand, is a symbol of joy and good fortune, and it represents wealth and prosperity. Wearing red during the Spring Festival signifies that it is an auspicious year, with everything going smoothly. White is a plain color and is usually worn at funerals to show respect for the deceased.
Currently, in some areas of China, white door couplets are still hung on the doors during the first year after the death of an elderly person to show respect for the deceased. Although there are some superstitious elements, there are still taboos against wearing white during the Spring Festival in Chinese folk culture. However, in modern times, there are many clothing styles to choose from, and colors such as off-white and apricot can be worn instead of pure white.
why does white symbolize death in China?
There are several explanations for the connection between white and death in China:
- Firstly, white is associated with bloodlessness, even bone-white, in ancient Chinese script, which naturally links it to death.
- Secondly, the ancient book “Li Ji” listed five major colors, including blue, red, yellow, black, and white, with the corresponding direction of white being the west, symbolizing autumn and decline. Therefore, it represents the withering of life. In ancient times, people referred to passing away as “driving a crane to the west.”
- Thirdly, in Buddhism, white represents water and is often used in Tibetan Buddhist statues to symbolize peacefulness and inclusiveness. However, it also represents a state of transcendence beyond nature and is the ultimate state of life.
In many Western countries, black is traditionally associated with mourning, whereas in China, white is often used as a color for mourning. However, white is also associated with old age, autumn, the west, misfortune, chastity, and purity in Chinese symbolism. White clothing for mourning has been used since the Eastern Han Dynasty.
In reality, white is a very pure color. It is neither as warm as red nor as cold as blue. People’s subjective perceptions of white are largely influenced by their thoughts and emotions. It can create a solemn and oppressive atmosphere at funerals and add romantic and bright feelings to weddings. The traditional Chinese taboo against white ultimately stems from a fear of death.
It is worth noting that doctors and nurses often wear white uniforms, also known as “white coats.” However, despite working in an environment that deals with disease and death on a daily basis, no one has ever questioned whether the pure white coat is a malicious curse. This also illustrates that white is a calm and trustworthy color that can make people feel comfortable and at ease, and it is appreciated in Chinese culture.
what does white mean in Chinese opera?
In theatrical arts, “Bai” refers to “Dao Bai”, which is one of the two basic forms of dialogue in Chinese opera. The singing form is called “Chang”, while the reciting form is called “Bai”. The Dao Bai in Chinese opera has a certain musicality and rhythm that is different from everyday language. In the theatrical masks, a white face generally represents a character who is cunning, suspicious, and of a dubious nature, such as Yan Hao in “Da Yan Song” and Qin Jianyun in “Qin Jian”.
There are several meanings behind the use of a white face (also known as an “oil-white face”). One is for old heroes and generals who maintain a youthful appearance, such as Bao Cian in “Si Jie Cun” and Geng Yan in “Nao Kun Yang”. Another is related to the use of “Mian”, where treacherous and violent warriors often use a white face, such as Yang Fu in “Zhan Ji Zhou” and Gao Deng in “Yan Yang Lou”. Another type is similar to the first but with a stubborn personality, such as Ma Su in “Shi Jie Ting” and Xu Huang in “Yang Ping Guan”. Eunuchs use a white face to indicate their cunning personality and fair skin, such as Yi Li in “Huang Jin Tai”. Some monks who are physically strong and skilled in martial arts also use a white face, such as Lu Zhishen in “Ye Zhu Lin” and Yang Yande in “Wu Tai Shan”.
Because Cao Cao is a treacherous character, and the mask for treacherous characters has a white base, Cao Cao’s mask in Chinese opera is white.
do Chinese brides wear white?
On the wedding day, it is acceptable to wear white clothing, especially for the bride, who can wear a white wedding dress to represent purity and complement the wedding atmosphere. The groom can wear a white wedding suit to match the bride’s dress.
Guests attending the wedding can also wear white clothing, but they should be mindful not to wear attire that is too similar to the bride’s dress. It is recommended to wear off-white or ivory-colored clothing, such as a simple white dress, which is elegant and sophisticated.
Bridesmaids should avoid wearing white dresses, especially if the bride is wearing a white wedding dress. Wearing a white bridesmaid dress may make guests feel like they are competing with the bride for attention, which is not appropriate. Instead, bridesmaids can wear light pink or lavender dresses, which are fresh and elegant and fit the wedding atmosphere.
white Chinese painting
Baimiao painting is a traditional Chinese painting technique that uses ink and charcoal on white paper to depict figures, landscapes, flowers, and birds. It does not use pigments or colors, but rather relies on the variation of lines and ink to convey form, texture, and mood. Baimiao painting is known for its simplicity, clarity, and profound expressive power, and is an important genre in Chinese painting.
white in Taoism
In Taoism, white represents purity, emptiness, and detachment from worldly desires. It is often associated with the Taoist concept of Wu Wei, which means “non-action” or “effortless action,” emphasizing the idea of letting nature take its course without interference or control. White is also the color of the Taoist robes, which are worn by Taoist priests and symbolize their spiritual purity and detachment from worldly distractions.
White is a unique color in Taoism and a special color in traditional Chinese culture. In Taoism, it is the color worn in the underworld, which is believed to be the residence of ghosts in religious belief. In Taoism, the underworld is the department responsible for the salvation, worship, and legal affairs of ghosts.
White Taoist Robe: The white Taoist robe represents the purity and holiness of the Taoist. In Taoism, white represents purity and holiness, and Taoists wearing white robes are usually highly cultivated and have exceptional qualities. White represents that the practitioner has achieved a certain level of enlightenment, understands the truth, and is willing to devote his life to serve the Tao and benefit all living beings.
white in Confucianism
In Confucianism, white is traditionally associated with mourning and filial piety. According to Confucian beliefs, mourning is a time for solemn reflection and respect for the deceased, and white is the color that symbolizes this mourning period. The practice of wearing white mourning clothes is still observed in many parts of China and other Confucian-influenced cultures.
In addition to mourning, white is also associated with purity and righteousness in Confucianism. The color is often used to symbolize the virtuous behavior and moral integrity that Confucianism values. White is also the color associated with the ancestor spirits, who are believed to provide guidance and protection to their descendants.
Confucianism has long designated red, yellow, blue, white, and black as the “correct colors” and believes that “white is the true white and black is the true black,” which opened the historical curtain of maintaining monochromatic purity through ritual. White is bright, clean, refreshing, simple yet elegant, clear, and often evokes feelings of purity, transcendence, fairness, and sanctity. In ancient times, white associated with animals was often considered auspicious and sacred.
However, as the text above describes, during the transition of power between dynasties in Chinese history, white was also used to symbolize the rejection and destruction of the previous dynasty’s beliefs and values. As a result, the meaning of white in Confucianism has evolved over time and can vary depending on the context and cultural traditions.
white in Buddhism
In Buddhist culture and philosophy, the white Buddha represents purity, clarity, and wisdom.
Firstly, white is a pure color that symbolizes the Buddha’s purity and clarity. The Buddha is considered to be flawless, without any flaws of greed, anger, or ignorance. Therefore, the white Buddha also symbolizes the Buddha’s flawlessness and purity.
Secondly, the white Buddha represents clarity. In Buddhism, clarity refers to the state of being liberated from greed, anger, and ignorance, and reaching a pure and unblemished state. The white Buddha symbolizes this state of purity and clarity, reminding us to pursue clarity and eliminate distractions, so that we can achieve true inner peace.
Finally, the white Buddha also represents wisdom. In Buddhism, wisdom refers to the understanding of the true nature of things. Buddhism emphasizes that through meditation and wisdom, we can transcend ignorance and greed, attain liberation, and true happiness. The color of the white Buddha also symbolizes this wisdom, reminding us to pursue deeper understanding and wisdom so that we can better understand the Buddha’s teachings and guide our lives accordingly.
white glaze for pottery
White glaze porcelain originated in the Han Dynasty and has emerged as famous products such as Qingbai, Lu’an, Tianbai, and Xiangyaobai over the centuries, favored by many emperors and literati. The 2021 Spring Auction of Yongle has carefully selected several representative white porcelain treasures from various dynasties, which can showcase the development and artistic attainments of “Chinese white” in a panoramic manner.
White glazed porcelain reached its pinnacle during the Yongle era, which created and fired “sweet white glaze”, one of the best ancient Chinese white glaze varieties. The “Taolu” dictionary explains it as meaning “sweet and pure”, hence the name “sweet white”; the Qing dynasty palace records may refer to it as “filled white”. The shape of the Yuhuchun vase also reached a perfect balance in the Yongle era, with a pleasing ratio between the width of the bottle belly and the neck, and with careful shaping that shows no traces of sealed mud, making the Yongle Yuhuchun vase a coveted treasure for countless collectors.
a dynasty that worships white
In ancient China, the five most important colors were “yellow, blue/green, white, red, and black,” each corresponding to one of the five elements of metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. White represented metal and was associated with the west. According to Confucian scholars, the Shang dynasty considered white to be their national color, as they were associated with the element of metal. When the Shang dynasty was founded, there were auspicious signs of white silver overflowing from the mountains, which led to a reverence for the color white among Shang merchants. The national flag of the Shang dynasty was a large white banner without any patterns or decorations. Meetings of the court were held during the daytime, and ordinary people held their weddings during daylight hours.
Even after the Shang dynasty, there was another dynasty that also revered the color white: the Jin dynasty. As the Jin dynasty considered themselves to be associated with the element of metal, they emphasized the special status of the color white. The Jin emperors wore white gauze hats, and the prince’s wedding ceremonies featured white silk robes with purple jade ornaments. Officials were also fond of wearing white belts, a departure from the previous Han dynasty’s “golden belts and purple gowns,” creating a sea of white in the imperial palace during official ceremonies.
The Jin dynasty also used an important white ceremonial object in their political life: the White Tiger Cup. During the annual state banquet held on the first day of the lunar new year, a specially made white lacquered wine vessel with a white tiger on its lid was filled with wine and served to the ministers before they were allowed to speak.
Plain white Banner
The Plain White Banner is one of the Upper Three Banners of the Eight Banners of the Manchu people. Before the reign of Emperor Shunzhi, there was no Plain White Banner, but a Plain Blue Banner instead. However, after Dolgon, the leader of the Plain White Banner, died, Emperor Shunzhi incorporated the banner into the Upper Three Banners and demoted the Plain Blue Banner to the Lower Five Banners, thus creating the current system.
In 1601, during the reign of Emperor Wanli of the Ming Dynasty, Nurhaci established the banner with the color white and gave it the name Plain White Banner. After Dolgon’s death, Emperor Shunzhi incorporated the banner into his own Eight Banners as one of the Upper Three Banners.
The Plain White Banner was under the direct control of the emperor, with no king inside. The soldiers were the emperor’s personal guards, and members of the banner were selected to serve as attendants to the imperial family. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the banner had 86 whole Banners (a basic household and a military unit of 100-300 people were considered as one unit), with about 26,000 soldiers and a total population of about 130,000 men, women, and children. The last empress of the Qing Dynasty, Empress Wanrong, was also a member of the Plain White Banner.
Bordered White Banner
The Plain White Banner, also known as the Plain White Bordered Banner, was one of the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty. It was established in the 43rd year of the Ming Wanli era (1615), and was named for its white color with red borders. The Plain White Banner belonged to the Lower Five Banners and was not directly controlled by the emperor, but rather by the princes, beile, and beizi. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, it had a scale of 84 zongzuo (basic household and military units of 100-300 people) and a total of 26,000 soldiers and civilians, totaling around 130,000 people.
white vs cyan
In Chinese culture, the colors white and cyan have different meanings and associations.
White is often associated with purity, innocence, and mourning. It is the color traditionally worn by mourners at funerals, and is also used to symbolize death and ghosts. In some traditional Chinese weddings, the bride would wear a white wedding dress to symbolize her purity and innocence.
On the other hand, cyan (or blue-green) is often associated with calmness, tranquility, and harmony. It is the color of water and sky, and is often used to symbolize nature and the environment. In traditional Chinese medicine, cyan is also associated with the liver and with healing.
Overall, while both colors can be seen as representing purity or innocence in certain contexts, white is more closely associated with mourning and death, while cyan is more closely associated with nature and healing in Chinese culture.
white vs black
In Chinese culture, the colors white and black have different symbolic meanings.
White is generally associated with purity, cleanliness, and innocence. It is often used in traditional Chinese weddings as the color of the bride’s dress to symbolize purity and virginity. However, it is also associated with death and mourning, and is the traditional color worn at funerals in China. In Chinese folklore, white is also associated with the afterlife and is often used to represent ghosts or spirits.
On the other hand, black is often associated with negativity, evil, and bad luck. It is traditionally seen as the color of mourning in Western cultures, but in China, it is the color of death and is associated with funerals and mourning. In Chinese art and literature, black is often used to symbolize darkness, evil spirits, and the underworld.
It’s worth noting that the cultural associations of colors can vary depending on context and region, and some colors may have different meanings or interpretations in different parts of China.
white vs green
In Chinese culture, white and green have different symbolic meanings.
White is traditionally associated with death, mourning, and funerals. It is considered an unlucky color in many situations and is not commonly used in joyful or celebratory events. White is also associated with purity, cleanliness, and simplicity, and it is often used in religious and spiritual contexts.
Green, on the other hand, is associated with growth, vitality, and harmony. It is often used to symbolize nature, health, and good luck. In traditional Chinese medicine, green is believed to be a soothing color that promotes healing and balance. In addition, green is associated with the jade stone, which is highly valued in Chinese culture and is believed to bring good fortune and protection.
Overall, while white is often seen as an unlucky color in Chinese culture, green is generally considered to be a positive and auspicious color.
white vs purple
In Chinese culture, white and purple have different cultural meanings.
White is often associated with mourning and funerals in Chinese culture. It is the color people wear when attending funerals, and it is also the color of mourning clothes. In traditional Chinese culture, white is seen as a color of purity and innocence, but it can also represent death and the afterlife.
Purple, on the other hand, is considered a color of nobility and elegance. It was once a symbol of imperial power and was worn exclusively by the emperor and his family. In traditional Chinese culture, purple represents wisdom, spirituality, and the harmony between the physical and spiritual worlds. It is also associated with the supernatural and the divine.
In modern times, the cultural meanings of colors have evolved, and people in China may interpret colors differently based on their personal experiences and beliefs.
white dream meaning
- For students dreaming of white, it means poor performance in liberal arts and difficult enrollment.
- For business people dreaming of white, it represents obstacles and setbacks, and the need for internal restructuring before reopening.
- For people in their zodiac year dreaming of white, it means giving more alms and focusing on farming rather than harvest, resulting in peace and safety.
- For people in love dreaming of white, it indicates willing and sincere communication, leading to a successful marriage.
- For pregnant women dreaming of white, it suggests giving birth to a boy or a girl in the fall, but avoid any ground-breaking activities.
- For travelers dreaming of white, it is recommended to postpone the trip and return home safely.
- White in dreams has meanings such as purity, loyalty, loneliness, sadness, and sometimes related to medical illness.
- Dreaming of wearing white clothes implies that you may have to take care of or worry about someone else’s health in the near future. Patients dreaming of this suggest their condition will worsen.
- Unmarried men and women dreaming of wearing white clothes indicate an upcoming marriage.
- Dreaming of stains on your white clothes suggests that you may be slandered or falsely accused in life, damaging your reputation.
- Dreaming of a white body reminds you to pay attention to your physical health, as it may decline or get sick.
- Dreaming of a white handkerchief implies pure love.
- Dreaming of a white room may indicate that you or someone around you may get sick soon, so pay attention to your health.
In conclusion, the color white holds diverse meanings and symbolism in Chinese culture. While it is associated with death and mourning, it is also viewed as a symbol of purity, balance, and transformation. Whether it is worn as a wedding gown, incorporated in feng shui design, or used as a metaphor in literature, white plays an essential role in Chinese culture and its rich history.