What Is Wine In Chinese Culture?-Grape/Red wine(20+ Answers)

Wine has a rich history and plays a significant role in Chinese culture. It has been an integral part of Chinese traditions, ceremonies, and social gatherings for thousands of years. The importance of wine extends beyond its consumption, as it symbolizes various aspects of Chinese culture, including hospitality, celebration, and spiritual beliefs. In this article, we will explore the significance of wine in Chinese culture and its various dimensions.

do Chinese drink wine?

Chinese people do drink wine. Wine consumption has been growing steadily in China over the past few decades, and it has become increasingly popular among the younger generation. Traditionally, China has a strong tradition of consuming alcoholic beverages like baijiu (a strong distilled liquor) and huangjiu (yellow rice wine), which have been the dominant alcoholic drinks in Chinese culture for centuries.

However, with the increasing influence of Western culture and globalization, wine has gained popularity in China, particularly among urban dwellers and the middle class. Wine consumption has become more prevalent in social settings, business gatherings, and fine dining experiences.

China has also seen a rise in domestic wine production and the establishment of wineries across the country. The wine industry has experienced significant growth, with regions such as Ningxia, Shandong, and Xinjiang becoming known for their wine production. Chinese consumers are not only enjoying imported wines but are also developing a taste for locally produced wines.

It is worth noting that the drinking culture in China differs from that of Western countries. Wine is often consumed in moderation and as part of a meal, rather than being consumed in large quantities or for the purpose of intoxication. Wine is also frequently enjoyed during festive occasions and celebrations.

Overall, while traditional Chinese alcoholic beverages like baijiu and huangjiu remain popular, wine consumption is on the rise in China, reflecting the evolving tastes and preferences of its population.

what is Chinese wine?

Chinese wine refers to wine produced in China and has a history of thousands of years. In 1892, the first modern winery, Changyu Pioneer Wine Company, was established, marking the beginning of industrialized wine production in China. Since the implementation of economic reforms and opening up policies, the Chinese wine industry has experienced rapid development.

As of 2015, China had a grape-growing area of 820,000 hectares, ranking second in the world. The wine production reached 1.1 billion liters, ranking ninth globally, and wine consumption reached 1.6 billion liters, ranking fifth globally.

Chinese wineries produce a variety of wines using both traditional and modern winemaking techniques. The country has several prominent wine-producing regions, including Ningxia, Shandong, Xinjiang, and Hebei. These regions have favorable climatic conditions and suitable soil for grape cultivation. Chinese winemakers grow a wide range of grape varieties, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Riesling, among others.

Over the years, the quality of Chinese wine has significantly improved, with many wineries adopting advanced viticulture and winemaking practices. Some Chinese wines have gained international recognition and have won awards at prestigious wine competitions. Chinese consumers are also increasingly embracing domestic wines and appreciating the unique characteristics and flavors they offer.

The growth of the Chinese wine industry reflects the country’s evolving wine culture and the increasing demand for quality wines domestically and internationally. Chinese wine represents a blend of tradition and modernity, showcasing the country’s rich winemaking heritage and its aspirations to become a significant player in the global wine market.

what is chinese wine called?

In China, grape wine is commonly referred to as “hongjiu” (红酒), which specifically refers to red wine. When people mention “hongjiu,” it is understood as referring to grape wine, as the most commonly encountered type is red wine. The visual presentation is most often associated with the color red, which is the result of using grapes to produce the wine.

what is Chinese wine made of?

Chinese wine is primarily made from grapes, similar to wines produced in other parts of the world. However, it’s worth noting that China also has a long history of making alcoholic beverages using other ingredients such as rice, sorghum, and various fruits. These traditional Chinese alcoholic beverages, such as rice wine (baijiu) and fruit wines, have their own distinct characteristics and are separate from grape wine.

When it comes to grape wine production in China, both indigenous and imported grape varieties are used. Some of the popular grape varieties grown in China include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Noir, and many others. These grapes are cultivated in different regions across the country, taking advantage of diverse climatic conditions and soil types.

Chinese winemakers employ various winemaking techniques, including fermentation, aging, blending, and bottling, to create different styles and flavors of wine. The production process involves crushing and pressing the grapes to extract the juice, fermenting the juice with yeast to convert sugars into alcohol, and aging the wine in barrels or tanks to enhance its flavors and aromas.

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes through fermentation. The main components of wine include water, alcohol, sugar and glycerol, acids, tannins, pigments, and other substances.

Water: Water is the primary component of wine and is directly sourced from the grapes themselves.

Tannins: Tannins mainly come from the maceration of stems, skins, and seeds, which allows the tannins and pigments present in them to dissolve into the wine. Tannins can influence the structural feel and aging potential of wine. Wines with high tannin content can age well, while wines with low tannins are typically meant to be consumed within 3-5 years.

Alcohol: Also known as ethanol, alcohol is the main product of yeast fermentation of the sugars present in grape juice. The alcohol content in wine usually ranges from 7-16% (V/V), although some naturally sweet wines and fortified wines can have alcohol levels as high as 23% (V/V).

It’s important to note that while grape wine is the dominant type of wine produced in China, the country also offers a wide range of other alcoholic beverages made from different ingredients, reflecting the diversity of Chinese drinking culture.

which Chinese wine grapes are used to make wine?

Currently, China has developed into the sixth-largest wine-producing country in the world, with many domestic wines gaining international acclaim. China’s vast territory encompasses diverse climates and soil types, making many regions suitable for grape cultivation. Influenced by local conditions and market factors, the most widely planted wine grapes in China are predominantly red grape varieties. So, what are some common wine grape varieties in China, and what are their characteristics?

Cabernet Sauvignon : Cabernet Sauvignon is the most widely planted wine grape variety in China and globally. Originally from Bordeaux, France, it was introduced to China in the late 19th century and is now grown in various regions such as Hebei, Xinjiang, Ningxia, Shanxi, and Yunnan. The grapes are small with thick skins, producing wines with high tannins, acidity, and intense black fruit flavors, often accompanied by herbal notes. Prominent boutique wineries such as Ao Yun and Silver Heights have gained international recognition for their unique styles. The highly anticipated “China Lafite” Long Dai, recently released, is a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon and other grape varieties.

Cabernet Gernischt : Cabernet Gernischt, also known as Cabernet Shelongzhu, is the second most widely planted grape variety in China. Introduced by Changyu in the late 19th century, it is extensively grown in Shandong’s Jiaodong Peninsula, southern Northeast China, North China, and Northwestern regions. The grapes have small clusters, medium-sized berries, and thick skins. Wines made from Cabernet Gernischt exhibit red fruit aromas with hints of blackcurrant, pepper, mushroom, and green pepper.

Merlot : Merlot is another important red grape variety in China. Originating from France, it was introduced to China in the late 19th century in Yantai, Shandong Province. It is now planted in various regions, including Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi, Ningxia, and Yunnan. Compared to other varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot has larger, looser clusters and thinner skins, resulting in full-bodied wines with smooth textures and flavors of red and black fruits.

Marselan : Marselan is a grape variety with great potential in the development of Chinese wines. It originated in the southern region of France and is a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache. Marselan has large clusters, small berries, and concentrated flavors with ample tannins. Wines made from Marselan showcase intense aromas, combining the ripe fruit flavors of Grenache with the minty notes of Cabernet Sauvignon. It has been successfully grown in Huailai, Hebei, as well as Tianshui in Gansu, Taigu in Shanxi, Helan Mountain in Ningxia, and Yanqi Basin in Xinjiang.

In addition to these, other red wine grape varieties cultivated in China include Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir , Vitis Amurensis Rupr, and Muscat Hamburg . As for white wine grapes, the main varieties include Chardonnay , Dragon Eye, Vidal, Italian Riesling, Rose Honey , and Ugni Blanc .

Chardonnay : Chardonnay is the most common white wine grape variety in China. It originated in Burgundy, France, and was introduced to China in the early years of the country’s establishment. Chardonnay’s flavor profile can vary depending on the terroir and winemaking techniques, exhibiting citrus, pear, and peach aromas. Oak aging can introduce notes of cream and honey. The majority of dry white wines produced in China are made from Chardonnay. Notably, Chardonnay wines from the Jiaodong Peninsula and Ningxia have achieved excellent quality and received international awards.

Dragon Eye : Dragon Eye is a traditional white grape variety in China with a long history. It is particularly abundant in the Huai’an Basin, Hebei Province, earning the nickname “Northern Pearl.” Dragon Eye grapes have large berries, thin and translucent skins. Wines made from Dragon Eye resemble Gewurztraminer, featuring fresh and enticing fruit aromas, smooth texture, and pleasant acidity. Dragon Eye was used to produce China’s first modern dry white wine. It is also extensively grown in Shandong, Shanxi, Hebei, and Shaanxi.

These are some of the common wine grape varieties in China and their characteristics.

how to make Chinese wine? 

Making Chinese wine involves several steps. Here is a simplified overview of the winemaking process:

Grape Selection: Choose the appropriate grape variety for winemaking, considering factors such as flavor profile, sugar content, and acidity. Popular grape varieties used in Chinese winemaking include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Chardonnay.

Harvesting: Pick the grapes at the optimal level of ripeness. This is usually determined by monitoring the sugar content (Brix) and acidity of the grapes. Harvesting is typically done by hand to ensure the quality of the grapes.

Crushing and Pressing: Remove the stems from the grape clusters and crush the grapes to release the juice. In some cases, the grapes are pressed to extract additional juice. This process separates the juice from the skins, seeds, and solids.

Fermentation: Transfer the grape juice (known as must) to fermentation vessels, such as stainless steel tanks or oak barrels. Add yeast to initiate fermentation, which converts the sugars in the juice into alcohol. Fermentation can take several days to several weeks, depending on the desired style of wine.

Aging: After fermentation, the wine is often aged to enhance its flavor and complexity. This can be done in oak barrels or stainless steel tanks. The duration of aging varies depending on the type of wine being produced.

Clarification and Filtration: Clear the wine by allowing any sediment to settle, or through fining and filtration processes. This helps to remove any remaining solids or impurities from the wine.

Bottling: Once the wine has been clarified and stabilized, it is ready for bottling. The wine is typically filtered again before being filled into bottles, which are then sealed with corks or screw caps.

Maturation: Some Chinese wines may benefit from further aging in the bottle to develop more complexity and improve their flavor. This maturation process can take several months to several years, depending on the wine.

kinds of Chinese wines?

There are several classifications of wine:

Classification based on grape type:

Wild Grape Wine: Wine made from wild grapes.

Cultivated Grape Wine: Wine made from cultivated wine grape varieties.

Classification based on sugar content:

Dry Wine: Wine with a sugar content of 0g/L or less. It includes dry red wine, dry white wine, and dry rosé wine.

Semi-dry Wine: Wine with a sugar content between 1g/L and 10g/L.

Classification based on color:

Red Wine: Wine made by fermenting grapes with the skins, ranging in color from purple-red to garnet-red.

Rosé Wine: Also known as pink wine, it has a color between red and white wine.

Classification based on color types:

Red Wine: Wine made by fermenting grapes with the skins, displaying colors like bright red or ruby red.

White Wine: Wine made from white or red grapes without the skins, exhibiting light yellow or golden hues.

Rosé Wine: Wine with a color ranging from pale pink to deep pink.

Classification based on various aspects:

Color Classification: Red wine, white wine, and rosé wine (also known as blush wine).

Style Classification: Sparkling wine and still wine.

Taste Classification: Dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, and sweet wines.

famous Chinese wine?

The top 10 domestic wine brands in China are:

Changyu (张裕葡萄酒)

Great Wall (长城葡萄酒)

Dynasty Winery (王朝酒业)

Mogao Wine (莫高葡萄酒)

Weilong Wine (威龙葡萄酒)

Tonghua Wine (通化葡萄酒)

Helan Mountain Wine (贺兰山葡萄酒)

Nia Wine (尼雅葡萄酒)

Shangri-La Wine (香格里拉葡萄酒)

Dragon Seal Wine (龙徽葡萄酒)

The top 10 domestic red wine brands in China are:

Changyu (张裕)

Great Wall (长城)

Dynasty Winery (王朝酒业)

Mogao Wine (莫高)

Weilong Wine (威龙)

Tonghua Wine (通化)

Helan Mountain Wine (贺兰山)

Nia Wine (尼雅)

Shangri-La Wine (香格里拉)

Dragon Seal Wine (龙徽)

Great Wall Wine: Great Wall Wine Limited is a subsidiary of COFCO Group, headquartered in Hebei Province, China. It was established in 1983 and produces a range of products, including dry wines, sweet wines, fortified wines, sparkling wines, and distilled spirits.

The classification of red wine varies across different regions. Here are the classifications for red wine in France, China, Italy, and Spain:

French Red Wine Classification:

AOC (Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée): The highest level of French wine, accounting for 35% of total French wine production. It represents the legally defined wine regions.

VDQS (Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure): A level below AOC, representing superior wine regions. VDQS wines are rare, accounting for only 2% of French wine production.

VP (Vin de Pays): Regional table wine, considered the best for everyday consumption.

Chinese Red Wine Classification:

Master Level: Deep ruby red color; pure and intense aroma with ripe fruit and black currant notes; rich oak fragrance in harmony with the wine; aged aroma; smooth entry with a round and full-bodied mouthfeel; persistent aromatic finish. It exhibits strong structure and typicity.

Italian Red Wine Classification:

Four main classifications: DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita), DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata), IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica), and Vino da Tavola (Table Wine).

DOCG: The highest level, ensuring the wine’s origin and quality.

DOC: The second-highest level, guaranteeing the wine’s origin and adherence to specific production regulations.

IGT: Represents typical wines from a specific geographic area.

Vino da Tavola: Basic table wine.

Spanish Red Wine Classification:

Five major classifications: Vino de Mesa (Table Wine), Vino de la Tierra (Country Wine), DO (Denominación de Origen), DOCa (Denominación de Origen Calificada), and Gran Reserva.

Vino de Mesa: Basic table wine.

Vino de la Tierra: Country wine from designated regions.

DO: Represents quality wines from specific regions.

DOCa: The highest level, denoting exceptional quality and strict production regulations.

Gran Reserva: A designation for wines that have undergone extensive aging.

symbolism of wine in Chinese culture

Firstly, the color red symbolizes youth, passion, enthusiasm, and romance. That’s why many young people refer to wine as “red wine.” Therefore, when consumers drink wine, they feel “fashionable, elegant, and romantic.”

Secondly, due to the relatively higher price of wine compared to spirits and beer, consuming wine can easily demonstrate one’s lifestyle and quality of life.

Thirdly, the complex drinking and tasting methods add a mysterious and fashionable aura to wine consumption. The elegant drinking venues (such as wine tastings at hotels or intimate gatherings at wine bars), intricate drinking procedures (starting with white wine before red, using different glasses for different wines, pairing different wines with different cuisines), and the high level of expertise required for wine tasting (observing color, smelling aroma, swirling the glass, tasting, savoring) all contribute to the professional and aristocratic image of wine.

Fourthly, the use of red wine in various wealth and fashion events further enhances its popularity. Whether it’s the APEC conference, wealth forums, Miss World pageants, or the premiere of domestic blockbuster movies, all these glamorous events are filled with the enticing aroma of wine. Through continuous media exposure, the allure and influence of wine have deepened in the hearts of people.

Lastly, consuming wine provides a person with a sense of self-reward and satisfaction. Imagine a hardworking individual who finishes a long day of work. After removing their professional attire and expression, they open the wine cabinet and take out a beloved bottle of wine. Before them, there is a pristine white tablecloth, crystal-clear wine glasses, a deep gemstone-red wine, and delicious delicacies. At this moment, warm lighting envelops them, melodious music lingers in the air. No matter the worries of the day, they will vanish without a trace in the intoxicating fragrance.

Symbol of Hospitality

In Chinese culture, offering wine is a gesture of hospitality and respect. When guests visit someone’s home or attend formal events, they are often greeted with a toast or served wine as a sign of welcome. The host takes great pride in serving their guests with the best wine available, showcasing their generosity and goodwill. Wine is also used to strengthen social bonds and facilitate communication, as sharing a drink is considered a way to establish trust and deepen relationships.

Cultural Symbolism

Beyond its social and ceremonial aspects, wine holds symbolic meanings in Chinese culture. Red wine, in particular, is associated with joy, luck, and auspiciousness. It is believed to ward off evil spirits and bring blessings to those who consume it. The color red itself holds great significance in Chinese culture, representing happiness, celebration, and good fortune. Wine is often used as a cultural metaphor for the sweetness and richness of life, with the concept of “drinking wine” used poetically to express the enjoyment of life’s pleasures and the appreciation of beauty.

wine in Chinese History

The history of wine can be traced back to the reign of Emperor Wu of Han, with the earliest written records found in Sima Qian’s “Records of the Grand Historian.” In the year 138 BC, Zhang Qian, an envoy of the Han Dynasty, traveled to the Western Regions (present-day Xinjiang) and discovered that the local people used pottery vessels to make wine. The wealthy individuals stored wine in large quantities, and some could remain preserved for several decades.

The cultivation of grapes and winemaking techniques in the Western Regions were initially acquired from the Persians. Zhang Qian introduced grapes and winemaking techniques from the Western Regions to the central plains, which stimulated the development of grape cultivation and winemaking in the region. Wine became a precious commodity enjoyed by the imperial family, nobility, and high-ranking officials. However, due to the seasonal nature of grapes and their inability to be preserved for long periods compared to grain-based alcohol, wine production in the Han Dynasty did not become widespread. The development of wine declined with the decline of the Han Dynasty and only revived during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties period.

During the Tang Dynasty, increased foreign trade fostered cultural interactions, and wine had become a valuable commodity in the central plains. Wine shops selling Western Regions wine existed in the capital city of Chang’an. The unprecedented prosperity of the Tang economy greatly contributed to the development of wine. Winemaking had transitioned from the palace to the common people, and it had significant influence in the inland regions. Grape cultivation and winemaking methods learned from Gaochang (an ancient kingdom in the Western Regions) likely continued for a long period during the Tang Dynasty. Famous lines about wine, such as “The grape wine, the night’s shining goblet, I desire to drink as the pipa sounds nearby” (from Wang Han’s “Songs of the Frontier”), have been passed down to this day.

In the Yuan Dynasty, Mongol rulers had a fondness for wine and ordered the establishment of vineyards in Taiyuan and Nanjing. Wine cellars were even built within the imperial palaces for storing fine wines. During this period, wine production began to scale up, and a significant amount of wine was available in the market.

The Ming Dynasty marked a new period of great development in the brewing industry, with a variety of wines and increased production compared to previous dynasties. Although there were periods of alcohol bans during the Ming Dynasty, private brewing and sales were generally tolerated, and the government levied taxes directly on brewing households and liquor stores. Li Shizhen’s “Compendium of Materia Medica” from the Ming Dynasty recorded three methods of winemaking. The first method was the simplest, fermenting grape juice without adding yeast. The second method involved fermenting grape juice with yeast, similar to the fermentation process of glutinous rice, and in the absence of grape juice, raisins were used. The third method was grape distillation, using tens of kilograms of grapes steamed with a fermenting agent in a large pot, and then collecting the dripping liquid in containers. However, the wines produced using these methods were not the same as modern wines.

In 1892, the renowned patriotic overseas Chinese entrepreneur, Zhang Bishi, invested 3 million taels of silver to establish the “Changyu Winery” in Yantai, aiming to realize the dream of “industrial revitalization of the nation.” This marked the beginning of China’s industrialization of wine production.

China subsequently imported various grape varieties and a wide range of winemaking equipment from Europe, as well as hired foreign wine experts. Drawing from European vineyard practices and winemaking techniques, China began producing brandy, red wine, and white wine. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, China also imported some grape varieties for winemaking from Bulgaria, Hungary, and the Soviet Union and conducted intensive cultivation within the country.

who invented Chinese wine?

The invention of Chinese wine dates back thousands of years and cannot be attributed to a single individual. Wine production in China has a long history and has evolved over time through the contributions of various cultures and civilizations. The techniques and knowledge of winemaking were developed and refined by different Chinese dynasties, as well as influenced by interactions with neighboring regions and foreign traders.

The earliest evidence of wine production in China can be traced back to the Neolithic period, with archaeological discoveries of pottery vessels and residue indicating the fermentation of grapes, rice, and other ingredients. However, the specific individuals or cultures responsible for these early developments are unknown.

In recorded history, during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), there was an influx of wine-related knowledge and practices from the Western Regions, which included areas such as Central Asia and Persia. The Han Dynasty envoy Zhang Qian played a significant role in introducing grape cultivation and winemaking techniques to the central plains of China, as mentioned in historical records. However, it is important to note that wine production and consumption in China existed prior to these introductions.

Throughout Chinese history, different regions and dynasties contributed to the development and refinement of winemaking techniques. The Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) is known for its vibrant wine culture, with wine becoming a popular beverage enjoyed by people from all walks of life. The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) saw advancements in winemaking methods and an increase in wine varieties and production.

In summary, Chinese wine has a rich and complex history that evolved over time, influenced by various cultures and dynasties. Its invention cannot be attributed to a single individual but rather represents the cumulative efforts and contributions of generations of winemakers in China.

when invented Chinese wine?

Archaeological findings suggest that the earliest evidence of grape wine production may originate from the Yellow River Valley in China, specifically in what is now Henan Province. Around 7,000 years ago, people in this region fermented honey, rice, and various fruits together, storing them in large earthenware containers (essentially giant pottery jars) buried underground.

Professor Peter Kupfer from Mainz University publicly announced the discovery of the earliest traces of wine production in the Jiahu site in Henan, China.

The oldest archaeological evidence of fermented alcoholic beverages using wild grapes comes from China and can be traced back to approximately 9,000 years ago. This “Neolithic cocktail” is currently considered the oldest alcoholic beverage in the world. In contrast, grape cultivation started much later, approximately 8,000 years ago in Georgia. Professor Peter Kupfer, a Sinologist at Mainz University, stated, “For thousands of years, wine, especially grape wine, has been an integral part of the cultural life of the Eurasian continent. China played a crucial role in its history.”

Professor Kupfer has been researching China for 40 years and has studied various aspects of Chinese wine culture. Wine culture has shaped the lives of the Chinese people for thousands of years. According to Kupfer, China’s position as one of the world’s largest producers and consumers of grape wine is best understood in this historical context.

wine in feng shui

Feng shui is a cultural system in traditional culture that is considered a body of knowledge due to its long history. The study of feng shui focuses on the various forces of nature and human society, particularly the air and aura composed of geographical environment and time, to analyze people’s wealth and the Earth’s environment. The window sill is an important component of a residence as it provides easy access to natural sunlight, scenery, and views, becoming a significant element of everyone’s bedroom.

Traditional wine culture is an essential part of the historical civilization of a nation. Wine in various forms such as tea and spirits represents different cultural characteristics, lifestyle cultures, historical features, etc., enriching the national culture.

So, how does feng shui view the window sill, and what are the position and types of wine on the window sill?

Feng Shui of the Window Sill

In the study of feng shui, windows are one of the most powerful channels for transmitting spatial energy. Window openings run through the entire house, confirming the working rule of “Yang coming from the outside to the inside.” Therefore, the direction and height of windows have a significant impact on the indoor yin-yang aura and wealth.

Firstly, the opening of windows or balconies should not be blocked as it would hinder the accumulation of positive energy indoors, and the aura from outside cannot enter. Good windows that are beneficial to the yin-yang weather should face the direction where the feng shui qi field flows.

Secondly, the height of the window sill is also worth noting. If the window sill is too low, the flow of positive energy indoors is hindered, and the aura cannot be well received. It is also unfavorable to the residents’ emotions and mindset. Conversely, if the window sill is too high, the Yang energy will not easily flow into the room, which is also unfavorable for the feng shui arrangement of the house. Therefore, to allow sunlight to smoothly enter the room, the height of the window sill can be appropriate.

Selection of Wine

In feng shui, wine is a unique cultural manifestation. However, the selection of wine should follow the following principles:

  • Wine accessories within the planning scope should be coordinated.
  • The quantity of wine should be reasonable.
  • The longevity of the wine must be maintained, and the placement position for a unified wine rack layout needs to be determined.
  • The type of wine should also consider the needs of feng shui.

Positioning of Wine

When placing wine on the window sill, the position should also be considered based on its yin-yang aura. In central and western regions and residences close to nature, it can be placed on the south-facing window sill to absorb natural sunlight and energy. Only window sills that meet the requirements of the yin-yang aura can expand the Yang energy of the residence, bringing good luck and wealth to the residents.

Based on “The Doctrine of the Mean,” feng shui is classified as follows:

Zhuxi once said:

“Wealth belongs to Yin, so it should be placed on the north side of the room.

Food and nourishment belong to Yang, so they should be placed on the south side.

The energy of authority primarily lies in the west, so it should be placed in the west.

The energy of longevity is in the east, so it should be placed in the east.

In rooms with weak sunlight, items such as crystals and pyramids that enhance the Yang energy can be placed on windowsills or TV cabinets.

By analyzing the position of wine on the window sill and the selection of wine through feng shui, we can better explain the principles of window sill feng shui. Only by following the principles of feng shui and placing suitable wine can the requirements of feng shui be met. This way, you can better enjoy the sunlight, break through the shadows, and absorb more natural energy.

In daily life, we should also choose wines that suit our family environment to achieve an effect of beauty and elegance. At the same time, we need to pay attention to the height of the window sill to ensure smooth circulation of positive energy indoors, which also contributes to the well-being and comfort of the residents.

wine in Yin and Yang

In the context of Yin and Yang, wine can be understood as having both Yin and Yang characteristics.

Yin and Yang are fundamental concepts in Chinese philosophy and represent complementary and interconnected forces in the universe. Yin is associated with qualities such as darkness, coldness, passivity, and introspection, while Yang is associated with qualities like light, warmth, activity, and extroversion. The concept of Yin and Yang emphasizes the balance and harmony between these opposing forces.

When it comes to wine, certain aspects can be considered Yin, while others can be considered Yang. Here are some characteristics:

Yin characteristics of wine:

Color: In terms of color, red wine is often associated with Yin energy due to its darker hue.

Aging: Aged wines, which have undergone a slow maturation process, can be seen as having Yin characteristics.

Softness: Wines that are smooth, mellow, and have a gentle flavor profile can be associated with Yin energy.

Introspection: Wine is often enjoyed in quiet settings, encouraging a reflective and contemplative mood.

Yang characteristics of wine:

Alcohol content: Wines with higher alcohol content can be associated with Yang energy due to their stimulating and invigorating effects.

Acidity: Wines with higher acidity levels can provide a vibrant and refreshing taste, which can be associated with Yang energy.

Boldness: Wines with intense flavors, strong aromas, and robust characteristics can be seen as having Yang qualities.

Sociability: Wine is often enjoyed in social gatherings and celebrations, creating a lively and interactive atmosphere.

It’s important to note that the categorization of wine as Yin or Yang is not absolute, and individual preferences and interpretations may vary. The Yin and Yang aspects of wine can also be influenced by factors such as the grape variety, winemaking techniques, and personal experiences.

In summary, wine can embody both Yin and Yang characteristics. Its color, aging process, softness, and introspective nature can be associated with Yin, while alcohol content, acidity, boldness, and sociability can be linked to Yang. Ultimately, finding a balance and harmony between these qualities can contribute to the enjoyment and appreciation of wine.

wine in Chinese new year

Why do Chinese people send red wine during Chinese New Year?

Reason 1: Red Wine = Prosperous New Year

In Chinese tradition, the color red symbolizes celebration and good luck. The deep red color of wine represents the wish for a prosperous year ahead. By sharing a glass of red wine, family and friends hope for a vibrant and joyful new year.

Reason 2: Red Wine is Healthier

Compared to other alcoholic beverages like baijiu (Chinese white liquor), red wine has lower alcohol content and is made from natural ingredients, specifically grapes. Red wine contains tannins, which can help to counterbalance the richness of food consumed during the Spring Festival, making it a healthier choice.

Reason 3: Red Wine Adds Elegance to the Dining Table

Originating from the West, red wine is associated with romance and sophistication. The enduring culture of wine, spanning centuries, is an important part of global culture. By gifting red wine, one can demonstrate their taste, refinement, and cultural appreciation, making it a desirable choice for gifting during the festive season.

Reason 4: Longer Shelf Life

During the Spring Festival, people exchange gifts, often including perishable items such as biscuits and fruits, which may spoil within a few days. Red wine has a longer shelf life and can be enjoyed even after a few months, making it a suitable gift option.

Reason 5: Red Wine is Ideal for Gatherings

Red wine is meant to be savored and enjoyed slowly, making it perfect for social gatherings where people can engage in conversations while appreciating its flavors. It provides a balance between liveliness and romance, enhancing the overall ambiance of the occasion.

Reason 6: Red Wine is a Popular Gift Choice

In recent years, imported red wine in its original packaging has become a popular gift choice. Its unique health benefits and potential investment value have gained popularity, especially in the realm of business gifting.

Reason 7: Red Wine Brings Freshness to Gift Giving

In traditional Chinese customs, alcohol, particularly baijiu, is commonly given as a gift. By presenting a bottle of red wine, one can bring a fresh and innovative touch to the gift-giving tradition.

Reason 8: Red Wine Enhances Beauty and Wellness

From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, red wine offers various health benefits. Moderate consumption can help relax the body and mind, promote blood circulation, and rejuvenate the nerves, resulting in a more youthful and charming appearance.

wine on a Chinese birthday

There are multiple meanings behind giving red wine as a birthday gift:

When exchanging gifts between a couple in a romantic relationship, gifting red wine symbolizes love and the hope for a long-lasting relationship. Red wine itself is associated with romance, and couples aim to create a romantic atmosphere by sharing a bottle of red wine, fostering the progress of their relationship.

When gifting red wine to elders or family members, it signifies the wish for their good health. Additionally, moderate consumption of red wine can have health benefits, making it an appropriate choice for conveying well wishes.

When presenting red wine to a boss or business partner, it represents the desire for their career or business to flourish. It expresses a sincere wish for success and prosperity.

Chinese wedding wine

When it comes to wedding gifts, red wine is commonly chosen because it carries various symbolic meanings, such as auspiciousness, longevity, good fortune, joy, and celebration. Here are some reasons behind gifting red wine:

  • Red wine is often associated with love and is considered a symbol of romance. When red wine is exchanged between couples, it signifies the hope for a long-lasting and passionate relationship. It helps create a romantic atmosphere and fosters the progress of their love.
  • Gifting red wine to elders and family members expresses the wish for their good health. Red wine itself is considered a healthy choice, and many people have the habit of enjoying a glass of red wine after meals.
  • When presenting red wine to a boss or business partner, it carries deeper implications. Red wine is a symbol of status and can be chosen based on the recipient’s position. It also represents a sincere wish for success and prosperity in their career or business.

The choice of wine for different occasions follows certain customs:

For the entrance hall: When guests arrive at the entrance hall, it is customary to serve them a glass of champagne.

For the wedding banquet: Whether the banquet is presented as a barbecue or a formal dinner, it is advisable to have a bottle of red wine and a bottle of white wine per table. It is also important to consider the pairing of wines with the food. Generally, delicate soups, fish, and poultry are better paired with white wine, while robust beef and lamb dishes are better paired with red wine. Rosé wine pairs well with cold dishes and salads, while sparkling wine and sweet white wine are suitable for desserts and wedding cakes.

For toasting: It is common for the newlyweds to toast with champagne, but a good sparkling wine such as Alsace sparkling wine is also a nice choice.

Additionally, the selection of wines for a wedding banquet may vary depending on the season. In summer, more white wine should be prepared to offer a refreshing sensation, while in winter, more red wine should be available to pair with heavier dishes like beef and lamb.

Suitable choices for wedding wines include red wine, white wine, spirits, and non-alcoholic beverages. Red wine options can include local Chinese brands or wines from the New World. French red wine is also a popular choice, although it tends to be more expensive and may not be suitable for bulk purchases. If possible, French champagne is a highly desired option, as it has always been associated with love and romance. Creating a magnificent champagne tower at the wedding would be a dream come true for many brides.

wine in the five elements

In traditional Chinese culture, the concept of the Five Elements (Wu Xing) is often applied to various aspects of life, including food and beverages like wine. The Five Elements consist of Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, and Water, and each element is associated with specific characteristics and qualities. When it comes to wine, here is a general association of wine types with the Five Elements:

Wood (Mu): Wood is associated with growth, vitality, and expansion. In the context of wine, young and vibrant wines with fresh and lively flavors can be associated with the Wood element. This can include lighter-bodied white wines or young red wines that exhibit bright fruitiness.

Fire (Huo): Fire represents passion, energy, and transformation. Wines that are bold, full-bodied, and have intense flavors and high alcohol content can be associated with the Fire element. This can include rich red wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Shiraz, that have powerful and concentrated characteristics.

Earth (Tu): Earth symbolizes stability, grounding, and nourishment. Wines that have a balanced and harmonious profile, with moderate acidity and medium body, can be associated with the Earth element. This can include wines like Merlot or Chardonnay that offer a sense of balance and roundness.

Metal (Jin): Metal represents clarity, precision, and refinement. Wines that exhibit elegance, finesse, and complexity can be associated with the Metal element. This can include aged or matured wines with well-integrated flavors and smooth textures, such as aged Bordeaux or aged Riesling.

Water (Shui): Water signifies fluidity, adaptability, and depth. Wines that have a refreshing and cleansing quality, with a crisp acidity and a sense of purity, can be associated with the Water element. This can include wines like Sauvignon Blanc or sparkling wines that offer a lively and invigorating sensation.

It’s important to note that these associations are based on symbolic interpretations and may vary depending on individual beliefs and cultural traditions. Ultimately, the choice of wine should be based on personal preferences and enjoyment rather than strict adherence to elemental associations.

wine in Chinese medicine

In ancient times, grape wine was primarily consumed by the wealthy and nobility. Therefore, we can find descriptions of wine from historical records. Throughout history, the Chinese people believed that drinking wine could promote health. Ancient winemaking techniques often involved the purification and fermentation of grains, leading people to consider wine as the essence of the “Five Grains.”

There is a widely circulated saying, “Wine is the essence of grains, the more you drink, the younger you become.” This phrase illustrates the long-standing belief in the health benefits of wine. According to traditional Chinese medicine theory, wine is suitable for older and weaker individuals as it has the effect of promoting blood circulation and dispersing stasis. Su Jing, a pharmaceutical expert in the Tang Dynasty, mentioned the benefits of grape wine in the “Tang Materia Medica” (also known as the “Newly Revised Materia Medica”). He believed that grape wine had the effects of warming the waist and kidneys, preserving youthful appearance, and resisting cold.

Li Shizhen, a prominent medical scholar of the Ming Dynasty, also discussed grapes and grape wine in his book “Compendium of Materia Medica.” He believed that grape wine could help improve complexion and had certain cosmetic effects. Modern scientific research has found that consuming grape wine can increase the melatonin content in the body, which can be beneficial for individuals with insomnia, providing a certain sedative effect. However, drinking wine before sleep can have an impact on the liver and kidneys. Therefore, although grape wine has certain health benefits, it is important to consume it in moderation and at the appropriate time to avoid any negative effects on the body.

Red wine in traditional Chinese medicine is believed to have the effects of clearing heat, purging fire, and detoxification. As a stimulating and irritating alcoholic beverage, it can easily damage the spleen and stomach of the human body, mainly through the transportation function of the spleen. The stimulating and irritating nature of red wine in traditional Chinese medicine can impair the transportation and chemical functions of the spleen, not only affecting the digestion and absorption of food but also having adverse effects on the absorption of medications, resulting in harmful chemical substances to the body.

wine in Chinese festival

During major festivals like Spring Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival, creating a festive atmosphere is essential. Regardless of whether people usually enjoy drinking wine or not, it has increasingly become a Chinese tradition to buy a bottle of wine, usually red wine, to enhance the joyful ambiance at the dining table during these significant holidays. Red wine has consistently held a mainstream position in the consumption of wine in China. Many individuals with limited knowledge of wine even use the term “red wine” as a general reference to all types of wine. The character “红” (red) itself carries a connotation of celebration, and drinking red wine during the Lunar New Year signifies the wish for a prosperous year ahead. Opening a bottle of red wine marks a good start to the new year. As a beverage with strong festival colors, wine is imbued with additional meaning and serves as a warm expression of gathering together during precious moments.

dreaming about red wine

Dreaming about red wine can symbolize various aspects of career and financial fortune. Here is the authoritative interpretation of dreaming about red wine according to the Chinese dream interpretation:

Red Wine:

  • Dreaming of consuming red wine suggests that your reputation may be threatened, and friends may distance themselves from you.
  • Dreaming of fresh red wine indicates a possible decrease in income.
  • Dreaming of spoiled red wine implies that past incompetence may make you feel insecure in job searches.
  • Dreaming of expired red wine warns to be mindful of competitors’ activities.
  • Dreaming of tasty red wine signifies a desire to approach problems from a more emotional perspective.
  • Dreaming of unpleasant-tasting red wine suggests laziness or, on the other hand, the need to relax.
  • Dreaming of throwing away red wine implies a premonition of career success.

Color Symbolism:

  • Dreaming of black red wine signifies a refusal to face reality or accept aspects of life.
  • Dreaming of white red wine indicates experiencing a difficult period.
  • Dreaming of golden red wine suggests that you are not adequately prepared for the tasks at hand.
  • Dreaming of silver red wine implies a more enjoyable and exciting life.
  • Dreaming of colorful red wine is considered a bad omen.
  • Dreaming of red-colored red wine signifies suppressed and rejected aspects of yourself.
  • Dreaming of yellow red wine suggests that something joyful will happen.
  • Dreaming of blue red wine indicates recent good luck and the potential for a small financial gain.
  • Dreaming of purple red wine typically represents happiness and success in life.
  • Dreaming of green red wine signifies potential harm or injury.
  • Dreaming of brown red wine suggests that a new phase is about to begin due to changes in your life.
  • Dreaming of gray red wine symbolizes personal choices and freedom in life.
  • Dreaming of pink red wine indicates a fear of losing something.

Specific Individuals:

  • For men dreaming of red wine, it signifies prosperity and progress in various aspects of their careers.
  • For women dreaming of red wine, it represents a joyful mood.
  • Pregnant women dreaming of red wine may suggest giving birth to an ugly child.
  • Businesspeople dreaming of red wine indicate smooth sailing and substantial profits in their ventures.
  • Students dreaming of red wine remind them to cherish their student life.
  • Patients dreaming of red wine indicate a speedy recovery.
  • Elderly individuals dreaming of red wine symbolize poor health and potential digestive system diseases, such as food poisoning or indigestion. Caution is advised.
  • Farmers dreaming of red wine suggest receiving sincere help from friends during difficult times.
  • Travelers dreaming of red wine indicate encountering significant resistance or pressure in reality, reminding them not to fear setbacks and to have the determination to overcome difficulties.
  • Poor individuals dreaming of red wine often symbolize an upcoming turning point where their careers and lives suddenly improve.
  • Married women dreaming of red wine may suggest emotional discord with their partners. If there is a conflict, it is important to find a way to reconcile; otherwise, the consequences could be dire.
  • Married men dreaming of red wine also indicate a warning against excessive pursuit of romantic interests and a need to pay attention to emotional issues.
  • Single women dreaming of red wine suggest that they have high expectations for their lovers, making it difficult to find a suitable partner.
  • Single men dreaming of red wine signify a quick engagement or secret marriage.
  • Office workers dreaming of red wine remind them to get along well with others, as friends and colleagues will be helpful.
  • Individuals in a romantic relationship dreaming of red wine suggest finding a new hobby or skill in their real-life.
  • Lawyers dreaming of red wine signify the need to conclude an aspect of daily life or an unfinished task.
  • People born in the Year of the Rat dreaming of.

Chinese Wine VS rice wine

Chinese wine and rice wine are both alcoholic beverages with distinct characteristics and cultural significance. While they share some similarities, they also have notable differences in terms of ingredients, production methods, flavors, and usage. Let’s explore the characteristics of Chinese wine and rice wine to understand their uniqueness.

Chinese Wine:

Chinese wine, also known as grape wine, is made from fermented grapes or other fruits. Its production and consumption have seen a significant rise in recent decades, influenced by Western winemaking techniques and global wine culture. China has become one of the world’s largest wine producers and consumers.

Ingredients and Production:

Chinese grape wine primarily uses grapes as the main ingredient. However, other fruits like peaches, plums, and pears are sometimes used to create unique flavors. The grapes are crushed, fermented, and aged to produce the final product. Modern winemaking techniques, including stainless steel fermentation tanks and oak barrel aging, are commonly employed.

Varieties and Flavors:

Chinese grape wine comes in various varieties, including red, white, rosé, and sparkling wines. Red wines are often bold and full-bodied, while white wines can be crisp and aromatic. The flavors can range from fruity to earthy, depending on the grape variety and winemaking techniques. China produces wines that cater to both local and international tastes.

Cultural Acceptance:

Grape wine has gained popularity among the younger generation in China, especially in urban areas. It is often associated with modernity, sophistication, and Western dining experiences. Chinese grape wine is commonly enjoyed during social gatherings, fine dining occasions, and celebrations.

Rice Wine:

Rice wine, also known as “mi jiu” or “huang jiu” in Chinese, is a traditional alcoholic beverage that has been consumed for centuries. It holds significant cultural value and is deeply rooted in Chinese customs and culinary traditions.

Ingredients and Production:

Rice wine is made from fermented glutinous rice, also known as sticky rice. The rice is steamed, mixed with a fermentation starter called “qu,” and left to ferment for a specific period. The fermentation process transforms the starches in the rice into alcohol, resulting in a sweet, fragrant, and low-alcohol beverage.

Varieties and Flavors:

Rice wine has different varieties, such as Shaoxing wine, Huangjiu, and Mijiu, each with its distinct flavor profile. Shaoxing wine, originating from the city of Shaoxing in Zhejiang province, is the most famous type of rice wine in China. It is often used in cooking, marinating meat, and adding depth to sauces and soups. Rice wine typically has a mellow, slightly sweet taste with subtle umami undertones.

Cultural Significance:

Rice wine holds deep cultural and historical significance in Chinese society. It is often used in traditional rituals, ancestral worship, and festive celebrations. Rice wine is a common offering during ceremonies and plays a role in promoting harmony and well-being. It is also used as a key ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine and is believed to have medicinal properties.

In summary, Chinese wine and rice wine are two distinct types of alcoholic beverages in Chinese culture. Chinese wine, made from grapes or other fruits, represents modernity, sophistication, and international influences. On the other hand, rice wine, made from fermented glutinous rice, carries the weight of tradition, cultural heritage, and culinary significance. Both types of wine contribute to the diverse and rich tapestry of Chinese drinking culture, catering to different tastes and occasions.

rice wine


Chinese Wine VS yellow wine

Chinese wine and yellow wine are two types of alcoholic beverages that hold significant cultural and historical importance in Chinese cuisine. While they are both traditional Chinese wines, they differ in terms of ingredients, production methods, flavors, and usage. Let’s delve into the characteristics of Chinese wine and yellow wine to understand their distinctions.

Chinese Wine:

Chinese wine, also known as grape wine, is made from fermented grapes or other fruits. It has gained popularity in recent years and has become a thriving industry in China.

Ingredients and Production:

Chinese grape wine primarily uses grapes as the main ingredient. The grapes are harvested, crushed, and fermented to extract the juice, which is then aged in barrels or tanks. The fermentation process converts the sugar in the grapes into alcohol, resulting in the production of wine:

Varieties and Flavors:

Chinese grape wine comes in various varieties, including red, white, rosé, and sparkling wines. Each variety offers a distinct flavor profile, ranging from rich and full-bodied red wines to crisp and refreshing white wines. The flavors are influenced by factors such as grape variety, terroir, and winemaking techniques.

Cultural Acceptance:

Chinese grape wine has gained popularity among younger generations and urban consumers. It is often associated with modernity, sophistication, and Western dining experiences. Chinese grape wine is commonly enjoyed during social gatherings, fine dining occasions, and celebrations.

Yellow Wine:

Yellow wine, also known as “huang jiu” in Chinese, is a traditional Chinese rice wine that has a long history dating back thousands of years. It holds a special place in Chinese culinary traditions and is often used in cooking and for ceremonial purposes.

Ingredients and Production:

Yellow wine is primarily made from glutinous rice, wheat, or other grains. The grains are steamed, mixed with a fermentation starter called “qu,” and left to ferment in earthenware jars or other containers for a specific period. The fermentation process converts the starches in the grains into alcohol, resulting in the production of yellow wine.

Varieties and Flavors:

Yellow wine comes in various regional varieties, with each region having its unique production methods and flavors. Famous types of yellow wine include Shaoxing wine from Zhejiang province and Mijiu from northern China. Yellow wine typically has a golden color, a mild and fragrant aroma, and a slightly sweet taste with a rich and mellow flavor profile.

Cultural Significance:

Yellow wine holds great cultural significance in Chinese society. It is commonly used in cooking to enhance flavors, tenderize meat, and create complex sauces and marinades. Yellow wine is also used in traditional Chinese medicine for its believed health benefits. Additionally, it is a popular gift during festivals, weddings, and other important occasions.

In conclusion, Chinese wine and yellow wine are two distinct types of traditional Chinese alcoholic beverages. Chinese wine, made from fermented grapes, represents modernity, sophistication, and international influences. Yellow wine, made from fermented grains, carries a deep cultural and historical significance in Chinese culinary traditions. Both wines have their unique flavors, applications, and cultural roles, contributing to the diverse tapestry of Chinese drinking culture.

yellow wine

Chinese Wine VS Baijiu

Chinese wine and baijiu are two traditional alcoholic beverages that hold significant cultural importance in China. While both are consumed in China, they differ in terms of their production methods, ingredients, flavors, and cultural significance. Let’s delve into the characteristics of Chinese wine and baijiu to understand their distinctions.

Chinese Wine:

Chinese wine, also known as grape wine, is produced from fermented grapes and represents the growing wine industry in China. It has gained recognition in recent years for its quality and diversity.

Origins and Grape Varieties:

Chinese wine is made from locally grown grapes. China has a rich diversity of grape varieties, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, and Riesling. Different regions in China have unique terroirs that influence the flavors and characteristics of the wine produced.

Production Methods:

Chinese wine production combines traditional winemaking techniques with modern practices. Grapes are harvested, crushed, and fermented to extract the juice, which is then aged in barrels or tanks. Chinese winemakers often blend different grape varieties to achieve desired flavors and complexity.

Flavor Profiles:

Chinese wines showcase a wide range of flavor profiles due to the varied grape varieties and terroirs. Red wines tend to be rich, full-bodied, and fruity, while white wines can range from crisp and refreshing to more aromatic and complex. The flavors can include notes of berries, tropical fruits, citrus, and floral undertones.


Baijiu is a strong distilled spirit that holds a prominent place in Chinese culture and has been consumed for centuries. It is made through a complex fermentation and distillation process using various grains such as sorghum, rice, wheat, and corn.

Ingredients and Production Methods:

Baijiu production involves fermenting grains with a special type of yeast called Qu, followed by distillation in clay or copper stills. The aging process can range from a few months to several years in ceramic jars or other containers. The different types of baijiu can vary in terms of ingredients, production techniques, and aging methods.

Flavor Profiles:

Baijiu is known for its potent aroma and high alcohol content, ranging from 40% to over 60% alcohol by volume (ABV). The flavor profiles can be complex, ranging from floral and fruity to earthy and savory, with a lingering and intense aftertaste. Baijiu is often described as strong, pungent, and bold.

Cultural Significance:

Chinese wine and baijiu hold distinct cultural significance in China. Chinese wine represents the emergence of China as a wine-producing nation and reflects the evolving wine culture in the country. It is often associated with sophistication, fine dining, and international recognition.

Baijiu, on the other hand, is deeply ingrained in Chinese traditions and social customs. It is often consumed during celebratory occasions, family gatherings, and business banquets, where it plays a role in toasting and building relationships. Baijiu has a symbolic value and represents generosity, hospitality, and respect in Chinese culture.

In conclusion, Chinese wine and baijiu are two distinct alcoholic beverages with their own characteristics and cultural significance in China. Chinese wine represents the growing wine industry in China, made from fermented grapes, and offers a diverse range of flavors. Baijiu, on the other hand, is a strong distilled spirit made from various grains, known for its potent aroma and high alcohol content. Both Chinese wine and baijiu contribute to the rich tapestry of Chinese drinking culture and offer unique experiences for those interested in exploring the flavors and traditions of Chinese beverages.



Wine holds a deep-rooted place in Chinese culture, representing tradition, hospitality, celebration, and spiritual connections. Its significance extends beyond the mere act of drinking and encompasses social customs, ceremonial practices, and cultural symbolism. Whether it is offered as a gesture of hospitality, used in festive celebrations, or associated with auspiciousness and well-being, wine remains an integral part of Chinese cultural heritage. It continues to be cherished and enjoyed, serving as a conduit for shared experiences, bonding, and the preservation of centuries-old customs.

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