What Does Blue Mean In Chinese Culture?
In Chinese culture, the color blue holds significant meaning and symbolism. It is a color that has been used for thousands of years in art, fashion, and everyday life. The meaning of blue varies depending on the context in which it is used, and it is often associated with concepts such as healing, tranquility, and spirituality.
what is blue color?
Blue is a primary color in the visible spectrum of light, which ranges from approximately 450 to 490 nanometers in wavelength. It is often described as a “cool” color and is commonly associated with calmness, serenity, and stability. In art, blue is one of the three primary colors, along with red and yellow, and can be mixed with these colors to create a wide range of hues and shades. Blue is also commonly used in everyday life, from clothing and home decor to branding and advertising. It is a versatile color that can convey a variety of emotions and meanings, depending on the context in which it is used.
types of Chinese blues
There are several types of blues that are associated with Chinese history and culture:
Qing – Qing is a type of blue-green color that is commonly seen in traditional Chinese paintings and ceramics. It is often described as a “peacock blue” or a “duck egg blue.”
Guangdong blue – Guangdong blue is a deep, rich blue that is often used in the production of Chinese ceramics. It is also known as “Guangdong cobalt blue” because it is made using cobalt oxide.
Fencai blue – Fencai blue is a type of overglaze enamel that is used to decorate Chinese porcelain. It is known for its bright, vivid blue color and is often used in combination with other colors.
Celadon – Celadon is a type of ceramic that is known for its pale blue-green color. It was first produced in China during the Song dynasty (960-1279 AD) and is still produced today.
Indigo – Indigo is a deep, rich blue that has been used in China for thousands of years. It was traditionally used to dye clothing and textiles, and is still used today in traditional crafts such as batik and tie-dye.
“Blue Tones of Chinese History – Sky Blue in the Song Dynasty“: Legend has it that during a summer afternoon, Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty dreamed of a clear sky after a sudden rainstorm, with the clouds parting to reveal a pure and elegant corner of blue sky. The emperor was captivated by this shade of blue and ordered the production of Ru porcelain in this color. Ru porcelain gradually became one of the top five famous kilns in China, on par with the Shang, Yi, and Zhou bronzes. This serene and ethereal shade of blue became the representative color of the prosperous Song Dynasty and embodied the literati’s pursuit of the Daoist ideal of “quiet inaction.”
“Blue Tones of Chinese History – Blue-and-White in the Ming Dynasty“: After the Song Dynasty, the literati’s passion for blue continued. With the addition of kaolin to Jingdezhen porcelain, blue-and-white porcelain became another pinnacle of Chinese porcelain, representing the Yuan and Ming dynasties. It was said that blue-and-white porcelain had to be fired on a rainy day in Jingdezhen. If it was fired too early, it would be ruined, and if it was fired too late, it would be flawed. Only in the misty rain of Jiangnan could such a pure and concentrated shade of blue be produced. The tranquil and peaceful blue of blue-and-white porcelain conserves the secrets of time in the flow of the years, exuding a historical aesthetic. This elegant shade of blue represented the Chinese people’s pursuit of wisdom and magnanimity.
“Blue Tones of Chinese History – Sky Blue in the Qing Dynasty“: During the Qing Dynasty, yellow became the exclusive color of the imperial family, but people’s yearning for blue remained unchanged. The most representative place for the emperors to offer sacrifices to the heavens and pray for a good harvest was the Temple of Heaven in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, which best represented the beauty of traditional architecture, was originally covered with three colors of glass tiles: sky blue on top, imperial yellow in the middle, and grass green at the bottom, representing the sky, the emperor, and the common people, respectively. In the Qianlong period, the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests was topped with blue tiles and a golden roof, shedding the physical limitations of both the emperor and the common people and embodying the Chinese people’s pursuit of the “unity of heaven and man.”
In addition to sky blue, blue-and-white, and Qing blue, there are various other types of blue, such as Xuande bright blue, Chenghua peacock blue, Jingtai blue, and Qingshan blue, that were discovered by Chinese literati on their journey to pursue the eternal beauty of blue. Today, we continue to explore the beauty of blue, and with Chinese men paying more attention to their personal image and pursuing appropriate dressing, the Chinese aesthetic of blue is gradually transitioning into daily wear.
These are just a few examples of the many types of blues that are associated with Chinese history and culture. Each shade of blue has its own unique qualities and symbolism, and has played an important role in Chinese art, craft, and daily life.
what is blue china called?
Blue was called indigo, azure, and cerulean in ancient times, with the following meanings:
Indigo: also known as indigo blue, is a liquid made by soaking the indigo plant. It refers to a deep blue color. Indigo blue is an organic dye made by fermenting leaves of plants containing indole acid such as Polygonum tinctorium, Isatis indigotica, Gmelina arborea, and Strobilanthes cusia. Indigo can also be artificially synthesized (as stated in ancient books: “all five blues can be made into indigo” – Song Yingxing, “The Exploitation of the Works of Nature”). It is used to dye cloth with long-lasting colors. It is commonly called “blue indigo”, and is called “indigo” in some regions.
Azure: a traditional Chinese color term for a deep and clear blue color. It originates from Ye Shengtao’s “Three Lakes Tour”: “A few faint clouds float in the azure sky.”
Cerulean: a blue color used to describe a color similar to a clear sky. There are relevant records in poems such as Du Fu’s “Winter Visit to Jinhua Mountain”.
Sapphire blue: the color of pure blue sapphire, a bright and vivid blue color.
Dark blue: a traditional Chinese color term for a deep blue color, meaning “deep blue color, charming and beautiful.”
blue in Chinese culture
The meaning of blue is generally symbolized by the ocean, representing stability and feminine temperament. In ancient Chinese culture, blue was relatively less used compared to other colors, with the Han people considering five colors as “proper colors” – blue was not one of them. Different historical dynasties had their own preferences, but blue was rare in painting and generally absent from the color palette. In modern Chinese culture, the definition of blue is generally influenced by Western culture.
In commercial design, blue is often used as a standard or corporate color for products or companies that emphasize technology and efficiency, such as computers, cars, photocopiers, and photographic equipment. Additionally, blue is also associated with sadness, which is influenced by Western culture, and is often used in literary works or emotionally-driven commercial designs.
what does blue symbolize in China?
- In Chinese culture, blue is an eternal symbol that represents composure, authenticity, steadiness, gravity, meditation, faith, reason, gentleness, serenity, and purity. Folk textiles, such as indigo-dyed cloth and blue-printed fabrics, are particularly beloved in China.
- Blue represents tolerance and love. The symbolic meanings of blue are tranquility, profundity, distance, coldness, melancholy, tenderness, passivity, dreaminess, inwardness, and wisdom. The deeper the shade of blue, the more it can take us to infinity, while light blue tends to be childlike, bright, clean, and transparent. Therefore, blue is the color of wisdom.
- Blue is a dreamy color that always maintains a clear and romantic feeling. In such a space, it appears pure, lovely, and thought-provoking. Blue is even more fresh and elegant in nature’s embrace, rich in decorative flavor, and especially suitable for white-collar workers who are stressed at work, allowing their noisy minds to find peace in a quiet harbor.
- Chinese blue is the logo of Zhejiang Satellite TV, which is the only logo in the country that has not been changed for 22 years, and the logo is the brand of 22 years; blue exudes a strong artistic and humanistic atmosphere, which is different from other colors; the largest area on earth is blue, with vast oceans and skies, symbolizing vitality, grandeur, and a broad outlook.
- In traditional Chinese etiquette, blue represents solemnity and dignity. Generally, after a person passes away, their clothing is dark blue. Taoist clothing, clothing worn by the elderly, and official clothing are also blue.
- Chinese blue refers to the blue color on blue-and-white porcelain. Chinese blue, also known as Prussian blue, Berlin blue, tribute blue, and iron blue, is composed of iron-cyanide iron and is an ancient blue dye that can be used for glazing and oil painting dyes. Prussian blue is often used for its reaction.
- Berlin blue is the color of the wealthy, symbolizing nobility and having a positive emotional color. In the dress system of the Qing Dynasty, Berlin blue was the second most valuable color after yellow.
- Blue is the symbol of the sea, representing calmness and femininity. People who like blue are very calm and steady in character, and they are honest, value trust between people, and care for those around them, with polite manners in social interactions. Blue represents a broad-minded, never-give-up spirit and a harmonious world. The naval uniforms of the Chinese navy are also sea blue.
What do different shades of blue represent?
Sky blue: the lightest shade of blue, almost without any trace of red, like the clearness of the sky. It represents the initial color and is a symbol of youth (the mature color is green). In terms of psychological implications, sky blue, like pink, is a “soothing color” that can calm and relax people.
Turquoise blue: a deep blue with a jumping light, as beautiful as being immersed in endless stillness of the lake. It represents “waiting”. In terms of color implications, it is a color of prohibition, and people’s conversations will usually decrease in places where this color prevails.
Sapphire blue: It is said that the prototype of the goddess of hope is a blue diamond. Therefore, the gorgeous and elegant sapphire blue has become a synonym for hope. Psychologically, sapphire blue, like purple, gives people a sense of nobility and attracts attention.
Peacock blue: the most mysterious shade of blue, almost no one can determine its correct color value, a kind of ambiguous color, different people will have different interpretations of it. It represents secrecy. In the printing industry, this color will have a large deviation from the design concept. In the spiritual realm, this color is the color of the distant and unattainable divine realm, a special color besides gold and silver.
Blue: true blue, just like its English name, is a synonym for melancholy. The blue-green and red in the mid-blue series are perfectly unified here, showing a slightly purplish deep blue of the night sky. Psychologically, deep blue can give some suggestible people a sense of oppression, but it can also make people who maintain an optimistic attitude feel relaxed.
Blue-purple: just like the color of blueberries, people who like berries will think of the sweet and sour taste of blueberries hidden in the forest when they see this color. The meaning of this color is also mysterious. In the beauty industry, this color will give people a feeling of quiet temptation, while in general applications, because the color is too expansive, it will give people a sense of pride.
In general, blue can be divided into thousands of shades, and dozens of them are named. The above are some of the more common ones.
Turquoise blue: a deep blue with a jumping light, as beautiful as being immersed in endless stillness of the lake. It represents “waiting”. In terms of color implications, it is a color of prohibition, and people’s conversations will usually decrease in places where this color prevails.
Indigo blue: is a synonym for “melancholy”. Blue and black are perfectly unified here, showing a slightly purplish deep blue of the night sky. Psychologically, deep blue can give some suggestible people a sense of melancholy, but it can also make people who maintain an optimistic attitude feel relaxed.
is blue a lucky color in China?
Blue is considered a lucky color in China, especially when it is paired with gold or silver. In Chinese culture, blue symbolizes the sky and water, which represent life, health, and prosperity. Blue is also associated with wisdom, harmony, and stability, which are all highly valued in Chinese culture. However, it’s important to note that the meanings and associations of colors can vary across cultures and contexts.
Although blue has a melancholic connotation, it represents stability and rationality in feng shui, and has the effect of calming people down and enhancing career luck. Therefore, wearing blue clothing and accessories can help you stay calm when you’re upset, and calm your emotions, allowing you to make wise decisions.
what color is cyan?
Cyan is a light blue-green color. It is often described as a combination of blue and green, and it has a hue that is halfway between these two colors on the color spectrum.
According to the color spectrum, cyan is a color between green and blue, and can be described as either a blueish green or a greenish blue. Cyan is a color that falls between green and blue in the visible light spectrum, belonging to the high frequency range of visible electromagnetic waves, with a frequency of 600-620 THz (corresponding to a wavelength of 500-485 nm in air), similar to the color of a lake.
In ancient times, the original meaning of “青” was blue, but in the context of painting, if blue is mixed with a small amount of green, it is called “青” (one of the subtractive primary colors), which has multiple levels, similar to the color of jade.
In the older generation, “青” can refer to black, for example, “青青子衿” refers to the black clothing worn by ancient scholars. “青” falls between green and blue, but many words tend to be associated with green, such as “青草” which means green grass.
blue in Chinese history
Blue has played an important role in Chinese history, culture, and art. Here are a few examples:
Blue-and-white porcelain: Blue-and-white porcelain is a type of Chinese porcelain that has been produced for over 1,000 years. It is decorated with blue designs on a white background, and is considered one of the most iconic forms of Chinese ceramics.
Blue-green algae: Blue-green algae, also known as spirulina, has been used as a food source in China for thousands of years. It is rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, and is still consumed today as a dietary supplement.
Blue dragons: In Chinese mythology, the dragon is a powerful and benevolent creature that is associated with good luck, prosperity, and the Emperor. The blue dragon is one of the four symbols of the Chinese constellations and is said to represent the east and the spring season.
Blue clothing: Blue was once considered the color of the common people in China, as it was the cheapest dye to produce. However, during the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD), blue clothing became fashionable among the wealthy and was often made from expensive imported fabrics.
Blue and green landscapes: In Chinese art, the colors blue and green are often used together to depict landscapes and nature scenes. This is because blue represents the sky and water, while green represents trees and vegetation.
Overall, blue has had a significant impact on Chinese history, culture, and art, and continues to be an important color in modern-day China.
how did they make blue in ancient China?
Mineral-based pigments: Pigments made from natural minerals that are collected and processed through procedures such as crushing, grinding, and washing. They are also known as “rock colors” and have a stable color quality. The luster of the crystal increases the brightness of the color, and they have a strong covering power.
Plant-based pigments: Pigments extracted from the roots, stems, and leaves of plants, with water as the main solvent, are also known as “water colors”. Their characteristics include transparency, ease of use, easy blending, and suitability for layering.
Chinese blue terracotta warriors
In early human societies, the known types of blue were “Egyptian blue” and “Maya blue.” Egyptian blue originated in ancient Egypt around 2200 BC, while Maya blue appeared around 800 AD. The methods and components used to make the two pigments are quite different.
The main component of Egyptian blue is calcium copper silicate. Initially, the ancient Egyptians extracted Egyptian blue from calcium copper silicate at temperatures of 800 to 900 degrees Celsius. As the earliest artificially produced mixed pigment in Egypt, Egyptian blue was considered the most prestigious color and was often used in various golden objects, coffins, and mummies.
Maya blue is a mixed pigment composed of organic and inorganic materials, made by mixing “indigo blue” extracted from the wild indigo tree with palygorskite clay. Westerners loved Maya blue, and its presence could be seen in various decorative objects, especially in art.
At first, scientists believed that the blue on the terracotta warriors and horses was Egyptian blue or Maya blue, but they did not think that it was blue made in ancient China. In the Qin Empire over 2,000 years ago, it was extremely difficult to produce a new blue color. Therefore, scientists believed that the ancient Chinese learned how to make blue through trade with the West, and the method was passed down to the Qin dynasty.
In 2006, scientists at Stanford University used a synchrotron to shine a beam of radiation on the blue paint of the terracotta warriors and horses. At first, they observed a molecular structure similar to Egyptian blue, but after a few minutes, they found a different molecular structure from Egyptian blue.
The component of Egyptian blue is calcium copper silicate, while the blue component on the terracotta warriors and horses is calcium copper barium silicate, which contains completely different elements. Moreover, the blue on the terracotta warriors and horses contains lead monoxide, which enhances the stability of the blue and makes it bluer with a purple tinge. Scientists named this blue “Chinese purple.”
why is blue important in Chinese culture?
Blue has various meanings and significance in Chinese culture. Here are some examples:
Imperial color: Historically, blue was considered to be the color of the sky and heaven, and was often associated with the ruling class. During the Qing dynasty, blue was adopted as one of the imperial colors, representing the emperor’s authority and power.
Symbol of purity: In Taoism, blue is believed to be a pure and spiritual color. It represents the sky and the ocean, which are considered to be two of the most powerful and pure elements in nature.
Traditional clothing: In traditional Chinese clothing, blue was a popular color for both men and women. It was often used for formal attire, such as robes and jackets, and was associated with elegance, grace, and refinement.
Feng Shui: In the practice of Feng Shui, blue is considered to be a calming and harmonizing color. It is often used to balance and cool down the energies in a space, promoting relaxation and tranquility.
Art and literature: Blue has been used extensively in Chinese art and literature, often symbolizing different emotions and concepts. For example, in poetry, blue is used to describe sadness or melancholy, while in landscape paintings, it represents distance and depth.
Overall, the significance of blue in Chinese culture reflects its association with power, purity, elegance, and tranquility.
What are some blue flowers?
Hydrangea is a plant in the Hydrangeaceae family. Its flowers are white and plump, large and beautiful, and the color can be red or blue, which is pleasing to the eye and refreshing. It is a common potted ornamental plant. This plant has been cultivated in China since early times. The color of hydrangea flowers is related to the content of inorganic salt ions in the soil and can be adjusted artificially to produce beautiful blue flowers.
The bellflower has a double meaning – eternal love and hopeless love. Legend has it that when the bellflower blooms, happiness comes again. When happiness comes, some people can seize it, while others are destined to miss it and cannot hold onto it, leaving only the flower. Therefore, there are two kinds of flower language, seemingly opposite but given to one flower, which tells us that happiness depends on ourselves. If we do not know how to seize it when it comes, we can only let happiness slip away.
The forget-me-not is smooth and hairless throughout the plant, and the stem does not branch. It is mostly found on the edge of mountain forests, mountain slopes, under forests, and in mountain valley grasslands. The forget-me-not has strong adaptability and likes dry and cool climates, dislikes damp and hot environments, likes light, is drought-resistant, and grows at a suitable temperature of 20-25°C. It grows well in loose, fertile, well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. It is often exchanged between lovers to express their love. It has a beautiful name, “forget-me-not.”
Columbine, a species of Ranunculaceae, also known as “pigeon flower” or “large-flowered larkspur”. Its flowers are unique in shape and have soft and elegant colors. It can be grown in clusters and planted in flower beds or used as cut flowers. Columbine prefers cool, well-ventilated, dry environments with abundant sunlight and well-drained sandy loam soil. Its flowering period is from May to July.
Blue Star Flower
Blue Star Flower is a perennial semi-trailing evergreen shrub that blooms all year round. It prefers sunny and fertile sandy soil. If there is not enough light, its branches will grow excessively and its flowering performance will be poor. It also requires adequate water supply. If it lacks water for a long time, it is not easy to recover the plant. The flowers of Blue Star Flower only bloom in the morning and wither completely in the afternoon, with a lifespan of only one day. Therefore, it opens new flowers every day, and one of its flower language is “seize the present”.
Blue Snowflake is a strong and robust plant that is heat-resistant and relatively tolerant of high temperature and humidity. It has few pests and diseases and is easy to manage. Its leaves are emerald green and its flowers are light and elegant, giving a cool feeling in the hot summer. It is suitable for potting and decorating living rooms and balconies.
Dutch Aster, also known as New York Aster, is a perennial flower of the Asteraceae family. It is suitable for indoor potting and arranging flower beds and gardens. It is also suitable for flower baskets and floral arrangements. If lilies are used as the main material, combined with Dutch asters, long life flowers, spring feathers, and Penglai pine, the picture is very light and lively, and can be placed on coffee tables and desks.
Morning Glory is an annual climbing herbaceous plant of the Convolvulaceae family. Its flowers resemble trumpets, so it is also called “trumpet flower” in some places. Morning Glory is generally sown in the spring and blooms in the summer and autumn. There are many varieties, with colors including blue, crimson, peach, purple, and mixed. The edges of the petals have different variations, making it a common ornamental plant. Its fruit is oval and can be used in medicine. The leaves of Morning Glory are three-lobed and heart-shaped at the base. The flowers are white, purple-red, or blue-purple, funnel-shaped, and the whole plant has coarse hair. Its flowering period is most abundant in summer.
The French also consider the iris as their national flower, symbolizing light and freedom. Greeks often plant this flower in cemeteries, hoping that the souls of the deceased can be entrusted to Iris to take them to heaven, hence the origin of the flower language “messenger of love”. In ancient Egypt, the iris represented “power” and “eloquence”. Israelis generally consider the yellow iris as a symbol of “gold”, so there is a custom of planting iris in cemeteries, hoping to bring wealth to the afterlife.
Grape hyacinth is a perennial herbaceous ornamental plant introduced from Europe, which grows from small bulbous plants. It likes warm and cool climates, is light-loving and shade-tolerant, and is suitable for growing at temperatures of 15°C to 30°C on loose, fertile, and well-drained sandy loam. Its flowering period is early and lasts for a long time. It is often used as ground cover under sparse trees, or planted in clusters, strips, and borders for flower beds and lawns. It is also used for rock garden as a decorative shrub, as well as for home flowerpot cultivation or as cut flowers with good ornamental effect.
What are some blue fruits?
Blue fruits include blueberries, indigo berries, and Oregon grapes.
- The most commonly seen blue fruit is blueberry, which has very small particles and is rich in anthocyanins. The skin of blueberries is dark blue with a white powdery coating on top. The flesh is very delicate and the seeds are small.
- Indigo berry is relatively common in the northeast region of China, as well as in Sichuan and Inner Mongolia. It has an oval shape and a blue-purple skin that looks like agate. Indigo berries have a great taste that is sweet and sour, suitable for most people to eat.
- Oregon grape looks very similar to small blueberries and can be used not only as food but also as a decoration. It is grown in some protected areas between Colombia and Oregon and is the state flower of Oregon.
Blue vegetables include blue kale, purple cabbage, amaranth, eggplant, seaweed, and red amaranth.
Blue kale: is a blue-colored vegetable that many people may not have seen before. It contains organic alkaloids and has a slightly bitter taste.
Purple cabbage: has a purple exterior, but when cooked, it turns bluer the more it is stir-fried. This is because the organic acids inside evaporate and become less acidic, causing it to turn blue.
Amaranth: is not actually blue in color, but it turns blue when cooked because the anthocyanins inside it react with alkaline substances.
Eggplant: has a purple exterior, but its flesh is white. It is a popular vegetable in many cuisines around the world.
Seaweed: is a type of algae that grows in the ocean and is often used in Japanese cuisine. It has a unique flavor and is high in nutrients like iodine and calcium.
Red amaranth: is a type of amaranth that has red leaves and stems. When cooked, its color may change to a bluish-green due to the presence of anthocyanins.
blue in feng shui
In feng shui, blue is often associated with the Water element. Water represents the flow of energy, as well as calmness, purity, and clarity. Blue is believed to promote relaxation and a sense of calmness, making it an ideal color choice for bedrooms, bathrooms, and other spaces where you want to create a peaceful and serene environment.
However, it’s important to note that the specific shade of blue can also impact the feng shui of a space. Lighter shades of blue are often preferred in feng shui, as they are more calming and soothing, while darker blues can be too intense and may even create feelings of sadness or depression.
Additionally, the placement of blue objects or decor can also affect the feng shui of a space. For example, placing a blue water fountain in the northern area of your home or office can help promote career success, as this area is associated with the Water element and career luck in feng shui.
Overall, blue can be a beneficial color in feng shui when used appropriately and in harmony with other elements and principles of feng shui.
blue in yin and yang meaning
In the context of Yin and Yang philosophy, blue is often associated with the Yin energy, which is characterized as feminine, passive, receptive, and introspective. Yin energy is often represented by the moon, water, and darkness.
Blue, being a cool and calming color, is believed to embody the Yin qualities of introspection, tranquility, and receptivity. It is often used in Yin-focused practices like meditation, yoga, and other relaxation techniques.
In contrast, the Yang energy is characterized as masculine, active, outgoing, and extroverted. Yang energy is often represented by the sun, fire, and brightness. In this context, blue is seen as a calming and balancing influence that can help to temper the sometimes overwhelming effects of Yang energy.
Overall, blue represents the Yin aspect of balance and harmony in Yin and Yang philosophy. It is seen as an important counterpoint to the active, outgoing Yang energy, and can help to promote a sense of calm, introspection, and relaxation in our lives.
blue in Chinese mythology
In mythology and fiction, Lei Zhenzi’s skin is often depicted as blue. Lei Zhenzi is a mythical character from the Ming Dynasty novel Fengshen Yanyi, and is one of the gods and monsters in the story. He is a mysterious figure who descended from the Heavenly Thunder Star, and was born in Yan Mountain during the end of the Shang Dynasty. When he met Zhou Wenwang Jichang seeking shelter from the rain, Lei Zhenzi was taken in as his adopted son. He was named “Lei Zhenzi” because of the thunder and lightning that accompanied his appearance.
blue in five elements
In the Five Elements theory of traditional Chinese philosophy, blue is associated with the Water element. The other four elements are Wood, Fire, Earth, and Metal. Each element has its own unique characteristics and is believed to interact with and influence the others in specific ways.
Water is considered the most Yin of the Five Elements and is associated with the emotions of fear and calmness. It is also connected to the season of winter, the direction of north, and the kidneys and bladder in the body. Water is considered to be cleansing and purifying, and is associated with the flow of energy and the ability to adapt to change.
Blue is the color most closely associated with the Water element, as it represents the calming, cooling, and tranquil nature of water. Blue is often used in feng shui to enhance the Water energy in a space, and is believed to promote a sense of peace, relaxation, and rejuvenation.
In the Five Elements theory, each element is believed to be nourishing or destructive to certain other elements. Water is nourishing to Wood (which represents growth and expansion) and is destructive to Fire (which represents transformation and passion). Similarly, Wood is nourishing to Fire, Fire is nourishing to Earth (which represents stability and grounding), Earth is nourishing to Metal (which represents strength and clarity), and Metal is nourishing to Water. By understanding the interactions between the elements, practitioners of traditional Chinese philosophy can use color, shape, and other elements to create balance and harmony in the environment.
blue in Chinese new year
The meaning of wearing blue clothes during the Chinese New Year: Wearing blue clothes represents a calm and peaceful visual feeling. In hospitals, nurses and some surgical doctors often wear blue to create a peaceful, calm, and friendly atmosphere for patients. This illustrates the importance of color on patients’ psychological well-being.
Blue is the coldest color in the cool color spectrum. Blue is very pure and often associated with the ocean, sky, lake water, and the universe. The pure blue color represents beauty, dreaminess, calmness, rationality, serenity, and expansiveness. Blue has the characteristics of rationality and accuracy.
blue at a Chinese Wedding
Blue is a symbol of purity, it evokes a dreamy feeling, and it always brings endless beautiful imagination to people. Blue elevates romance and adds wings of the ocean to weddings. Blue is the best interpretation of love: happiness and tranquility, beauty and imagination.
Some people say that wearing a blue wedding dress represents a lifetime of loneliness, is it true? The visually profound feeling of blue is a symbol of loyalty, and people have believed since ancient times that wearing blue clothes can ward off evil, because blue is the color of heaven, and evil forces tend to avoid it. Blue also protects people from being bewitched by evil. People also agree that blue can bring good luck.
blue Chinese painting
In traditional Chinese painting, “qing” refers to two colors in Chinese painting pigments: shiqing (copper blue) and shilü (malachite green). Shiqing is derived from azurite and can be divided into four grades: head, second, third, and fourth grade. Shilü comes from malachite and can also be divided into four grades: head, second, third, and fourth grade. “Qing” is the Chinese term for blue, and common shades include kongqing, bianqing, cengqing, baiqing, and shaqing.
Shaqing, also known as foqing, was brought to China from the Western Regions and is widely used in Buddhist architecture and murals. The Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes are particularly rich in shaqing colors. This pigment is also produced in Tibet and Xinjiang, and is known as “zangqing” when produced in Tibet.
One of the most representative works of traditional Chinese painting is the “Qianli Jiangshan Tu” (A Thousand Li of Rivers and Mountains) by Wang Ximeng of the Northern Song Dynasty. The painting depicts the magnificent mountains and rivers of China, with rolling peaks and valleys, vast rivers and lakes, and a variety of landscapes. The painting is known for its concise and refined techniques, bright colors, and meticulous brushwork, and is considered a masterpiece of blue-green landscape painting in the Song Dynasty.
The “Qianli Jiangshan Tu” mainly features two colors of blue and green. The nearby mountains are green, while the distant ones are blue. These two colors are extracted from azurite and malachite respectively.
The blue color in the “Qianli Jiangshan Tu” was originally extracted from a mineral called nonferrous azurite. Nonferrous azurite is the best variety of azurite, with colors ranging from dark blue to bright blue, deep blue, and indigo blue. The texture is very compact and delicate, without any white impurities, and generally has very little or no pyrite, so it is commonly known as “nonferrous azurite without gold.”
Colors in Chinese ancient paintings – Blue
Shiqing (ground from grinding blue stone)
Qunqing (ground from grinding lapis lazuli, the oldest and brightest blue pigment)
Cangqing (ground from grinding blue stones from Tibet, with larger particles)
Tianqing (ground from the lighter layers of Shiqing, presenting a light blue color)
Kongqing (a special kind of Shiqing with a hollow and bayberry-like shape, producing bright colors)
Huaqing (a blue pigment made by soaking woad leaves in water with lime, drying, grinding, and adding gelatin)
blue in Chinese Festival
“Light blue represents the Dragon Boat Festival, one of the traditional Chinese festivals, usually held on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month to commemorate Qu Yuan.
Qingming Festival is represented by dark blue. When we mention Qingming Festival, we think of the Cold Food Festival. Jie Zitui, who was sealed in the mountains by fire, probably survived on wild grass, and perhaps people preserved the fragrance of the grass in the food to remember him.
The color of choice for Qixi Festival is blue, which symbolizes happiness and represents that true love will eventually lead to marriage. Therefore, this color has become the happiest color in people’s hearts. Qixi Festival is not only a festival to worship the Seven Sisters, but also a festival of love. It is a comprehensive festival with the theme of praying for blessings, seeking skillful hands, and love, and with women as the main body.”
Blue in Taoism
In Taoism, blue is associated with the element of water and the direction of north. Water is considered a symbol of wisdom, flexibility, and adaptability, and is seen as an important element for achieving balance and harmony in life. Blue is also associated with the concept of yin, which represents the feminine, passive, and receptive aspects of the universe.
Laozi is the founder of Taoism, and he often rode a green bull. It is said that Laozi held a position as a librarian in the Zhou Dynasty. When he was over seventy years old, the world was in chaos with war and conflict between lords over territory and power. Laozi predicted even greater turmoil in the future and resigned from his position. He rode a green bull and left Luoyang, heading west through the Hangu Pass, in search of a place to live in seclusion.
Laozi’s ride on the green bull through the Hangu Pass is a significant event in Chinese cultural history. Without the Tao Te Ching, Chinese culture would have lost at least half of its heritage. The green bull ridden by Laozi has become a symbolic emblem of both Laozi and Taoism, with Laozi also known as the “Green Bull Master” or the “Old Man on the Green Bull.” In a sense, the green bull is a representation of Laozi’s philosophical ideas.
In Taoist cosmology, the color blue is also associated with the concept of the “azure dragon,” which is one of the four symbols of the Chinese constellations. The azure dragon is associated with the season of spring, the element of wood, and the direction of east.
Overall, in Taoism, blue is a color that represents wisdom, flexibility, balance, and harmony, and is often associated with the element of water and the concept of yin.
Blue in Confucianism
In Confucianism, blue is associated with the virtue of “humanity” or “benevolence” (仁 rén). Confucius believed that a virtuous person should have compassion and empathy towards others, and act with benevolence in their interactions. The color blue was seen as representing this virtue, as it was associated with the clear blue sky, which was seen as a symbol of the vastness and greatness of the universe.
In Confucian culture, the color blue is often used in clothing and decorations for important events, such as weddings and other ceremonies, as a symbol of this virtue. The color blue is also associated with the Confucian concept of the “gentleman,” who is educated, cultured, and morally upright.
Overall, the color blue in Confucianism represents the importance of compassion, empathy, and benevolence in human relationships, and serves as a reminder of the values that are central to Confucian teachings.
blue in Buddhism
In Buddhism, blue is often associated with the emotion of equanimity, which is one of the Four Immeasurables or Brahma Viharas. Equanimity is the quality of being calm, composed, and balanced in all situations, and it is believed to be a key component of spiritual development.
The Buddha is often depicted wearing a blue robe, which symbolizes his calm and composed nature. Blue is also the color of the Medicine Buddha, who is associated with healing and the removal of suffering.
In Tibetan Buddhism, the deity Tara is often depicted with a blue body. She is considered to be a bodhisattva, or enlightened being, who embodies compassion and wisdom. Blue is also the color of the throat chakra, which is associated with communication and self-expression.
Overall, blue in Buddhism represents calmness, wisdom, and compassion.
blue at Chinese funerals
In Chinese funerals, there is a saying that blue jackets should be worn, but it depends on your identity. If you attend the funeral as a guest, it is best to wear black or a dark color that looks like black. If you attend the funeral as the host family, there are some local customs that say that close relatives wear white and distant relatives wear blue. If you belong to this situation, you can indeed wear blue. If you are the protagonist of this funeral, you can wear any color of funeral dress you want.
what does the blue Chinese dragon symbolize?
The blue dragon is known as the “Azure Dragon” among the Four Beasts in Chinese mythology. The dragon represents the East and the color blue, hence it is also known as the “Azure Dragon of the East Palace.” Blue represents beauty, tranquility, rationality, peace, and cleanliness. The Azure Dragon, also known as the Blue-Green Dragon or Meng Zhang, is an ancient Chinese mythological figure and one of the “Four Symbols” representing the Eastern direction, corresponding to the “Seven Mansions” of the East. The origin of the “Azure Dragon” is related to natural phenomena and agricultural culture. In ancient times, people imagined the combination of stars in the Eastern Seven Mansions, such as Jiao, Kang, Di, Fang, Xin, Wei, and Ji, as the form of a dragon. According to the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements, the East corresponds to the element of wood and the color of blue-green, so it is called the “Azure Dragon” or “Blue-Green Dragon.” The appearance and disappearance of the Eastern Seven Mansions correspond to rainfall, and ancient people believed that the dragon was in charge of rain, which determined the harvest in agriculture. The harvest, in turn, determined people’s living standards, making the dragon the most important “totem” in agricultural society.
blue and white Chinese porcelain
Blue and white Chinese porcelain is a type of ceramics that features a combination of blue and white glaze. It has a long history in China and is considered one of the most iconic forms of Chinese art. The blue and white color scheme was first used during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), but it became particularly popular during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
Blue and white porcelain refers to a type of underglaze ceramic ware that is decorated with cobalt oxide and then coated with transparent glaze before being fired at a high temperature of around 1300°C. The underglaze cobalt oxide appears as blue after firing, which people commonly refer to as “blue and white.”
The blue pigment used in blue and white porcelain is derived from cobalt oxide, which is applied to the surface of the porcelain before it is fired in a kiln. The white background is achieved through the use of a white glaze made from a combination of kaolin, feldspar, and quartz.
Blue and white porcelain was initially made for domestic use, but it quickly became a popular export to other countries. It was especially popular in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries, and it remains highly sought after by collectors today. Blue and white porcelain is known for its intricate designs, which often feature landscapes, figures, and floral motifs.
Cloisonne is a traditional technique for decorating metalwork objects with enamel, using thin wires to create cells that are then filled with enamel paste. The object is fired in a kiln to fuse the enamel, and then polished to create a smooth surface. Cloisonne has been practiced in many cultures, but is particularly associated with China, where it has been used to decorate everything from vases to jewelry for over a thousand years.
Jingtai blue, one of China’s famous special metal handicrafts, reached its peak during the Jingtai period of the Ming Dynasty, producing the most exquisite and famous works of art. It is officially known as “copper-wire enamel on copper substrate” and commonly known as “cloisonné enamel” or “inlaid enamel”. It is a kind of porcelain ware made by using soft flat copper wire to pinch various patterns on a copper substrate, then filling enamel glaze into the patterns and firing it. Because it was popular during the Jingtai period of the Ming Dynasty and the enamel glaze used was mainly blue, it was named Jingtai blue.
Jingtai blue, officially known as “copper-wire enamel on copper substrate”, also known as “burning blue”, is a special and advanced enamel handicraft that uses vitreous enamel to decorate metal surfaces in a luxurious way. Because it flourished during the Jingtai period of the Ming Dynasty (1450-1457), antique dealers in the late Qing Dynasty continued to use this name and named it “Jingtai enamel” or “Jingtai Lang”. Later, because precious stone blue and peacock blue glazes were often used as base colors, and the sounds of “Lang” and “blue” are similar, it became known as “Jingtai blue”. It has been passed down to this day and has become a commonly used term.
Celadon is a type of ceramic pottery with a pale green glaze. It originated in ancient China and is known for its delicate appearance and subtle variations in color. The glaze is created using iron oxide and is fired at a high temperature, resulting in a smooth and glossy surface. Celadon pottery is highly valued in Asian cultures and has been produced for over 1,000 years.
Qing porcelain is a treasure of Chinese ceramic firing technology, characterized by a green glaze applied to its surface. The formation of the green color of Qing porcelain is mainly due to the presence of a certain amount of iron oxide in the body and glaze, which is fired in a reducing flame atmosphere. However, some Qing porcelain shows a yellow or brownish color due to impure iron content and insufficient reducing atmosphere. Qing porcelain is renowned for its delicate porcelain, smooth and flowing lines, dignified and simple shapes, and pure and colorful glaze.
Blue glaze refers to a type of ceramic glaze that has a blue color.Blue glaze, also known as “clear blue,” is a lime alkaline glaze colored with cobalt oxide. It was first used on Tang Sancai pottery in the Tang Dynasty, and then blue Jun glaze appeared in the Song Dynasty, with a rich and unpredictable color range. Traditional high-temperature glazes such as green, black, and yellow are colored with iron, while the successful high-temperature blue glaze with a relatively pure color was one of the important achievements of the Yuan Dynasty kilns. Blue glaze is also known as “jilan,” “jilao,” “jilan,” “jiqing,” and “gemstone blue,” and was first seen on Tang Sancai pottery in the Tang Dynasty.
tri color glazed pottery of the tang dynasty
The common colors in Tang tricolor pottery are yellow, green, white, purple, brown, and red, with blue being relatively rare. The cobalt blue used in Tang tricolor pottery has a unique chemical composition, with low levels of manganese and iron. The ratio of MnO to CoO is only 0.03, which is very different from the ratio of 4 to 16 found in domestic high-manganese ores. Chemical analysis shows that the cobalt blue in Tang tricolor pottery originated from imports.
qing long yan yue dao
Qinglong Yan Yue Dao, named for its shape resembling a crescent moon and its carving of a green dragon. It belongs to the category of long-handled knives. Among them, the Qinglong Yan Yue Dao is the weapon of Guan Yu in the novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”. The blade or handle is finely carved. Because of its heavy weight, it has great power in cutting and chopping. However, it is not suitable for killing on the battlefield and has become a weapon for training, ceremonial use, or palace guards.
a dynasty that worships blue
Yan Kingdom is a legitimate royal vassal state, inheriting the fire virtue and following the natural order of the world without objection. However, having been situated in the remote land of Yan for 600 years and witnessing the continuous decline of the Zhou dynasty’s royal family, Yan Kingdom has long harbored a sense of independence. The Yan nobility believes that their ancestors’ fire virtue has already weakened, and if Yan Kingdom were to inherit it, this fire would surely go out. To prosper, they must go against the conventional path, and so they derived the concept of “Yan facing the North Sea, gifted with water virtue,” establishing Yan Kingdom’s water virtue. The blue sea became the symbol of Yan Kingdom’s water, and thus their flags and clothing were chosen to be blue.
In the history of Chinese civilization, the culture of the Song Dynasty occupies a very important historical position. Ru porcelain culture is an important part of Song Dynasty culture. With its exquisite craftsmanship, beautiful shape, rich glaze, and elegant and simple charm, Ru porcelain is a landmark in the development of celadon in China. As blue art works, the blue of Ru porcelain is closer to sky blue, while the blue of blue and white porcelain is more mellow and rich, also known as “mysterious blue”. Blue and white porcelain, as a handicraft art in the history of Chinese porcelain, first appeared in the Tang Dynasty, and after the evolution of the two Song Dynasties, it finally came to fruition in the Yuan Dynasty.
The Mongols revered white and blue. White symbolizes purity, meaning that people’s hearts are as white and pure as milk. Blue represents the sea and the sky, and people’s hearts are as broad as the sea and sky, with lofty aspirations. In the eyes of the Mongols, blue symbolizes eternity, steadfastness, and loyalty. It can also be said that blue represents the Mongols’ color. When the ancestors of the Mongols established the country, it was called the “Blue Mongol Kingdom”, and blue fabric was used as the national flag. The capital of the country was called the “Blue City”, the emperor’s palace was called the “Blue Palace”, the national history was called the “Blue History”, and the emperor’s seal was called the “Blue Seal”, etc. All of these reflect the Mongols’ view of blue as eternal.
The Manchu people, who established the Qing Dynasty, had a particular preference for the color blue and quickly incorporated it into their dress code system as the most important color. Through research of Qing Dynasty archives, it is evident that they were highly skilled in the technique of blue dyeing, and there were certain rules and regulations that provided theoretical and technical support for ancient technology restoration.
The Manchu people rose to power in Northeast China, which had a relatively backward economy. At the beginning of their rule, clothing fabric was mainly made of fur and “maoqingbu” (a kind of blue cloth made of wool). After taking over, the Manchu people adopted many of the Ming Dynasty’s old systems, but the clothing system was a special case. China’s ancient clothing system had a strict hierarchy, and although the Qing Dynasty’s Manchu rulers also continued to use yellow, which represented imperial power in ancient times, they also retained their own ethnic clothing traditions, particularly in the use of blue, which held a vital position in both the official dress code and personal preferences.
Archives from the Shunzhi period and records from the “Da Qing Hui Dian” of the five reigns reveal the main fabrics, colors, and unique wearing styles of Manchu clothing. The Manchu people did not inherit the ceremonial dress forms of past dynasties but instead adopted their traditional robe and gown wearing habits. The primary outer garment was a robe with a right-front lapel, and when it was cold, a collared jacket was worn on top. This was the standard dress code for all formal occasions.
As the clothing system was perfected, the jacket’s color became gradually fixed. Although there was no explicit rule on the jacket’s color during the Kangxi period, from the collection, it is evident that the jackets were mainly blue or green. The “Da Qing Hui Dian” during the Qianlong period had clear regulations regarding the color of the jacket, stating that regardless of one’s identity or status, a blue jacket should be used for all clothing types. For example, the emperor’s ceremonial clothing used blue, and the empress’s and officials’ ceremonial jackets also used blue. The Qing Dynasty had eight banners, and two of them, the Zhenglan Banner and the Xianglan Banner, were military organizations that used blue as their flag color.
Plain Blue Banner
The Blue Banner was one of the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty, established in 1601 during the 29th year of the Ming Dynasty’s Wanli reign by Nurhaci. It was led by the chieftains Nulige, Jala and Gushan and was named after its pure blue flag. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, it had jurisdiction over 83 zhengzuo and 11.5 fenzuo, with a military force of 26,000 soldiers and a total population of about 130,000 men, women and children.
Bordered Blue Banner
The Xiang Blue Banner was established in 1615 during the Ming Dynasty and was named for its blue color with red trim. It was one of the Lower Five Banners, and was governed by the princes, beile, and beizi. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, it consisted of 87 whole low-level administrative units and one half-level administrative unit, with a total population of approximately 135,000 people, including 27,000 soldiers. It was the smallest banner in terms of population among the Eight Banners.
Chinese celebrity surnamed Lan
In China, the pronunciation of the color blue is “lan,” and the surname Lan is a famous surname in China. In the Song Dynasty version of the Hundred Family Surnames, the Lan surname ranks 131st, and as of June 3, 2020, the Lan surname ranks 163rd among all surnames. Currently, there are 1.12 million registered residents with the Lan surname in mainland China, accounting for approximately 0.1% of the country’s total population. The Guangxi province has the highest population of the Lan surname, which includes multiple ethnic groups such as Han, Zhuang, Yao, She, and Miao.
Historically, there was a famous military general named Lan Yu during the founding of the Ming Dynasty. He was courageous, intelligent, and skillful in battle, and had many achievements in his military career. He defeated the Northern Yuan dynasty in the Bohai Sea, basically destroying its administrative system, and became famous throughout the world.
In the twelfth year of the Hongwu period (1379), he was appointed as the Marquis of Yongchang. In the twentieth year of the Hongwu period (1387), he was appointed as the Grand General Who Conquers the Rebels. In the twenty-first year of the Hongwu period (1388), he was appointed as the Grand General and Duke of Liang. Lan Yu was the brother-in-law of Chang Yuchun, who was the father-in-law of the Crown Prince Zhu Biao. Therefore, as the Crown Prince’s uncle by marriage, Lan Yu worked hard to maintain the Crown Prince’s position as the heir. In the twenty-sixth year of the Hongwu period (1393), Lan Yu was executed for the crime of treason, and his skin was peeled off and his body displayed as a warning to others. His conspiracy implicated over 15,000 people who were killed, which became known as the “Lan Yu Case.”
Blue vs cyan
Blue and cyan are both colors on the blue-green spectrum, but there are some differences between them. Blue is a primary color, meaning it cannot be created by mixing other colors, and it is often associated with feelings of calmness and stability. Cyan, on the other hand, is a secondary color created by mixing green and blue, and it is often associated with modernity, technology, and a sense of vibrancy.
In terms of appearance, blue is typically a darker and richer shade than cyan, which tends to be lighter and more pastel-like. Additionally, blue has a slightly cooler tone than cyan, which has a hint of green in its hue.
Overall, while both blue and cyan are beautiful colors that have their own unique associations and uses, they do have some subtle differences in appearance and tone.
In Chinese culture, both blue and cyan are considered to be cool and calming colors. Blue is often associated with the sky and the sea, representing vastness, depth, and tranquility. It is also sometimes used to symbolize sadness or melancholy.
Cyan, on the other hand, is a brighter shade of blue and is often associated with growth, youth, and vitality. It is sometimes used to represent spring or new beginnings. In traditional Chinese painting, cyan is often used to depict water and aquatic plants, such as lotus flowers and water lilies.
blue vs green
In Chinese culture, blue and green are both important colors with different symbolic meanings.
Blue is associated with the sky and the sea, representing vastness, freedom, and openness. It is often used to describe the ideal state of mind and spirit, such as “qing” (清), meaning clarity or purity. Blue is also the color of the “qing” dynasty (1644-1911), which was the last imperial dynasty of China.
Green, on the other hand, is associated with nature, growth, and vitality. It is often used to describe the lushness of the mountains and forests. Green is also associated with jade , which is a symbol of wealth and good fortune in Chinese culture.
In Chinese traditional medicine, blue and green are also used to represent different types of energy in the body. Blue represents “yin” , which is a cooling and calming energy, while green represents “yang” , which is a warming and invigorating energy.
Overall, both blue and green are important and respected colors in Chinese culture, with their own unique symbolism and meanings.
blue vs purple
Blue and purple are two distinct colors in the visible spectrum. Blue is a primary color, which means it cannot be created by mixing other colors, while purple is a secondary color, which is created by mixing blue and red.
In terms of their visual appearance, blue is a cool color that is often associated with calmness, serenity, and trustworthiness. It can be seen as calming and soothing, which is why it is often used in bedrooms and other spaces where relaxation is important. On the other hand, purple is a warmer color that is associated with luxury, creativity, and spirituality. It can be seen as mysterious, exotic, and even a bit dramatic.
In terms of symbolism, blue can represent loyalty, confidence, and stability, while purple can represent royalty, magic, and imagination.
Overall, both blue and purple have their own unique qualities and can be used effectively in different contexts to evoke different emotions and messages.
blue dream meaning
- Dreaming of the color blue has meanings of broadness, freedom, friendliness, and also symbolizes “intellect” and analytical ability.
- Dreaming of the color blue may also symbolize your optimistic and clear ideas about the future. Blue represents truth, wisdom, eternity, loyalty, peace, and openness.
- Dreaming of a light sky blue color indicates that you have calm thinking and clear goals.
- Dreaming of a blue sky suggests that you have lofty aspirations.
- Dreaming of a blue ocean usually represents a broad-mindedness.
- Dreaming of a deep blue color like the ocean also symbolizes mental relaxation.
- Dreaming of wearing blue clothes sometimes indicates a trip to the sea.
- Dreaming of wearing your own blue clothes suggests that your recent luck is stable and there will be opportunities to travel to the sea, but you may encounter some minor troubles during the trip, which will eventually be resolved smoothly.
- A woman dreaming of herself wearing blue clothes also implies that she desires protection from men or nostalgia for her first love.
- Dreaming of dyeing clothes blue predicts that you will work hard for your business.
- Dreaming of selling blue paint indicates that your business will prosper.
- Dreaming of a blue snake suggests that you should pay more attention to the health of your family and children to avoid any discomfort.
- Dreaming of blue flowers suggests that your recent luck is very good, your relationship with your family is getting better, and you are very happy.
- Dreaming of blue water suggests that you can make changes to the environment that you have disliked for a long time, and you can seize all opportunities for innovation. However, you need to pay attention that your purpose of reform may be for the common interest, and you yourself may not get any personal benefits.
- Dreaming of blue eyes indicates that you have weak willpower and a weak body.
In conclusion, the color blue holds a complex and varied significance in Chinese culture. It is a color that can represent both positive and negative concepts, such as healing and tranquility, but also death and mourning. Its associations with water, the sky, and elegance make it a popular choice in art and fashion, while its connection to ghosts and spirits makes it a color to be wary of in certain contexts. Understanding the meaning of blue in Chinese culture is therefore essential for anyone looking to engage with this rich and diverse tradition.