Shu Hai, also known as “Vertical Boar,” is one of the mythical figures in ancient Chinese legends, renowned for his expertise in measurement and calculation. According to various texts such as the “Shan Hai Jing” (Classic of Mountains and Seas), Shu Hai possesses a human body with a pig’s head and wings. Commissioned by the Yellow Emperor, he conducted extensive measurements and calculations, contributing significantly to the geographical and astronomical knowledge of the Chinese people.
The story of Shu Hai is documented in numerous ancient texts, with one of the most notable accounts found in the “Shan Hai Jing · Da Huang Dong Jing” (Classic of Mountains and Seas: The Great Desolation, Eastern Section). According to this book, Shu Hai served as an official under the Yellow Emperor’s command. He traversed the entire land of China, undertaking large-scale measurements and calculations. His work included not only determining the heights of mountains and depths of waters but also calculating the land area and population of various regions, making immense contributions to the geographical and astronomical understanding of the Chinese nation.
In addition to textual records, Shu Hai’s image is widely depicted in ancient art. In paintings, sculptures, and artifacts from ancient times, Shu Hai is often portrayed as a figure with a pig’s head, human body, and wings. His image is believed to ward off evil and bring blessings of peace and prosperity.
In summary, Shu Hai is a legendary figure in ancient Chinese mythology, celebrated for his skill in measurement and calculation. His story and image are extensively recorded in ancient texts and depicted in various forms of art. Shu Hai’s representation and spiritual significance are considered to possess the power to ward off evil, ensuring safety and auspiciousness. Consequently, he holds a prominent place in folk beliefs.
As a figure in ancient Chinese mythology, Shu Hai not only contributed to geographical and astronomical knowledge but also plays a significant role in folk beliefs. His image and spiritual qualities symbolize bravery, wisdom, and diligence, representing an integral part of the outstanding traditional culture of the Chinese people. Therefore, it is essential to better inherit and promote the spirit of Shu Hai, allowing more people to understand and appreciate this magical and great mythical being. Simultaneously, delving deeper into the study of other characters and stories in ancient Chinese mythology will unearth cultural values and historical significance, making greater contributions to the inheritance and development of Chinese culture.