what is the largest ethnic group in china?China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China’s vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization regraded as “Chinese culture”.
how many ethnic group in china?
China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China’s vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization regraded as “Chinese culture”.
Why do Chinese call themselves Han?
The Han dynasty was the first dynasty to occupy all of China proper, well aside from the short-lived Qin dynasty that only ruled for a meager 15 years and only had two emperors, while the Han dynasty’s rule spanned the course of nearly four centuries, making it the longest lasting Chinese dynasty during the Imperial Era (the Shang dynasty did last longer, but was much smaller and is considered as part of the Ancient era). The Han dynasty was also the first dynasty in which China began to exert significant influence over its neighbors; China’s military campaigns against the nomadic Xiongnu led to the Chinese territory to stretch all the way to the Tarim Basin in Central Asia, located in the southern part of modern day Xinjiang, where it was administered under the Han as the “Protectorate of the Western Regions”, and would later help create part of a trade network known as the “Silk Road”
what is the han ethnic group?
The ethnic Han in China, about 1.3 billion people, live all over the country, but most are concentrated in their ancestral homelands in the provinces that are along the middle and lower parts of the Yellow River Basin, along the Yangtze River basin, and along the Pearl River.
Han people generally dislike living in high altitude mountains and arid deserts. Their culture is agricultural and urban, so the southwestern and western high mountain chains are still the domain of several ethnic groups such as the Tibetans, and only a minority of the Han population live in high altitudes. Until recently, few Han people lived in the Gobi Desert or the deserts of Xinjiang.
During the last 200 years especially, there was a large migration of Han people into provinces of the former Manchu/Jin areas of Northwest China called the Songliao Basin’s prairies and forests. The migration was largest after the fall of the Qing Empire in 1912.
There was also a migration of Han to Taiwan in the 20th century especially.