The Sui Dynasty is most famous for unifying China under one rule after the Period of Disunion. The Sui Dynasty only ruled for a short time from 581 to 618 AD. It was replaced by the Tang Dynasty. Since the fall of the great Han Dynasty in 220 AD, China had been divided.
How did Sui dynasty start?
who was the first emperor of the sui dynasty?Yang Jian was an official in the Northern Zhou Dynasty who seized power in 581 C.E. When the womanizing Emperor to the Northern Zhou dynasty died an untimely death, the next Emperor became Wendi’s grandson through his daughter, who was the Empress and the official wife of the late Emperor . At this time Yang Jian was already in charge of the day-to-day runnings of the imperial court in the capital, because the late Emperor was not interested in governing directly. Yang Jian was appointed to be one of the two regents for the six-year old boy and after suppressing a revolt by his co-regent in command of the armies of the east. He seized the throne for himself, establishing the new Sui dynasty. by the end of the 580s he had won the West and South and ruled over a unified China.
What did Yang Jian do?
In 589 AD, Emperor Wen of the Sui era eliminated the State of Chen in the south with Nanjing as its capital, ending China’s 500-year-old division
The political system of Three Provinces and Six Ministries, which was applied for the next 1,500 years in the history of China, was established to consolidate the centralized power.
Yang Jian also published a new law which included the abrogation of cruel corporal punishment, and three independent trials about the death penalty.
He changed the population registration system, which released tens of thousands of slaves.
Those newly freed people, together with other civilians, were distributed with farmland soon.
Then Yang Jian, the Emperor Wen of Sui, commanded to construct the 83 square kilometers’ big Da Xing city, the largest one at that time; many granaries were constructed across the whole country as well
who is Yang Jian wife？
Dugu Qieluo or Dugu Jialuo, was an empress of the Chinese Sui dynasty. She was the wife of Emperor Wen, who, on account of his love and respect for her, as well as an oath they made while they were young, did not have any concubines for at least most of their marriage, an extreme rarity among Chinese emperors. She also bore him all his 10 children. She was exceedingly powerful and influential during her husband’s reign And it was very effective in managing the government and was somewhat in control of power, she was heavily involved in his decision to divert the order of succession from their oldest son Yang Yong to the second son Yang Guang
How did Emperor Wen die?
Sui Wen-ti fell ill in the summer of 604. He died shortly thereafter, in circumstances which suggested that the new crown prince may have been at least partly responsible for his death. Yang Kuang ascended the throne in August 604 as Sui Yang-ti. His extravagant and ambitious undertakings brought the empire that his father had worked so hard to build to a dramatic collapse in 618.