Each year on September 18, air-raid sirens sound for several minutes in every big City for china, to pay tribute to the victims in 1931. The memorial ceremony serves as a reminder for the nation to keep the darkest days firmly in mind.
What happened on September 18th 1931?
Conflict in Asia began well before the official start of World War II. Seeking raw materials to fuel its growing industries, Japan invaded the Chinese province of Manchuria in 1931. On September 18, 1931, an explosion destroyed a section of railway track near the city of Mukden. The Japanese, who owned the railway, blamed Chinese nationalists for the incident and used the opportunity to retaliate and invade Manchuria.The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was an event staged by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria.
why did japan invade manchuria in china in 1931?
Having been barely affected by World War I, Japan was becoming increasingly crowded due to its limited size as a nation and its rapidly increasing population. Also Japan’s economy was seriously affected by the Great Depres sion which began in 1929, with the increase of foreign tariffs imposed on its exports of manufactured goods limited the capacity of Japan to pay for its food imports. Manchuria offered nearly 200,000 square kilometres which, could easily solve the over population problem. Japan also believed that Manchuria offered large amount of raw materials, such as minerals, forestry and rich agricultural land. With all the problems that Japan had experienced at home, Manchuria seems to be a great solution to it.
After the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, the Japanese economic presence and political interest has expanded in Manchuria. With the result of Treaty of Portsmouth, Japan have part of the South Manchuria Railway branch. By 1931, Japan had invested large amount of money into the economy of Manchuria, controlling the South Manchuria Railway Company. Using the excuse of guarding all of its investments, Japan kept a large army in southern Manchuria.
How long did the Manchurian crisis last?
The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on 18 September 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident. At war’s end in February of 1932, the Japanese established the puppet state of Manchukuo.
How did the Manchurian incident affect China?
the Manchurian Incident was that Japan soon occupied the city of Mukden in Manchuria, followed by other cities and more territory in.
1. China has lost more than 100 cities including Shenyang, Dalian and Changchun, lost 1 million square kilometers of land and 30 million people
2. China lost the industrial production bases represented by Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, and the economy suffered a great blow
3. It worsened the relationship between China and Japan and started the 14 year of sino-japanese war.