The Song Dynasty (960-1279AD) was an important dynasty in Chinese history. There were 18 emperors in the Northern Song and Southern Song dynasties, and they existed for 319 years. In 960, the general Zhao Kuangyin of the Zhou Dynasty (951-960 AD) launched a mutiny and established the Song Dynasty. The capital was in Bianjing (Kaifeng City, Henan Province).
who founded the north song dynasty?
Taizu, Wade-Giles romanization T’ai-Tsu, personal name (singing) Zhao Kuangyin, (born 927, Luoyang, China—died Nov. 14, 976, Kaifeng), temple name (miaohao) of the Chinese emperor (reigned 960–976), military leader, and statesman who founded the North Song dynasty
The Bei Song (also known simply as the Song) was the last major Chinese dynasty to be founded by a coup d’état. Its founder, Zhao Kuangyin (known by his temple name, Taizu), the commander of the capital area of Kaifeng and inspector general of the imperial forces, usurped the throne from the Hou (Later) Zhou, the last of the Wutai.
where was the north song dynasty capital?
Kaifeng is a city in central China’s Henan province, just south of the Yellow River. Rebuilt many times, the city was the Northern Song Dynasty capital from the 10th to 12th centuries. Dating to that period is the Iron Pagoda, a 55m-tall octagonal structure built-in 1049. The city’s Qing-era Daxiangguo Temple is noted for a 7m-high bodhisattva statue with approximately 1,000 hands.
who founded the south song dynasty?
Zhao Gou (1107 — 1187), respected as Emperor Gaozong of Song, was the tenth monarch of the Song Dynasty.
He got the throne after the catastrophic Incident of Jingkang, during when his father and big brother perished the empire and captured by their enemy the Jurchen Jin Dynasty.
Zhao Gou reestablished the empire in the south with a much smaller territory and brought people wealthy lives.
However, he kept swinging between revenging, recovering Song’s lost land and dignity, and developing the current territory and enjoying lives.
During this period, he made a series of controversial decisions, which made him long been questioned and criticized in the history.
where was the south song dynasty capital?
During the Ten Kingdoms (Shiguo) period (907–960AD), Hangzhou was the capital of the state of Wu-Yue. In the later Song period (1127–1279AD), northern China fell to the Jin (Juchen) dynasty (1115–1234); from 1127 the Song rulers were confined to southern China, and they made Hangzhou (then known as Lin’an) their capital. A centre of commerce, it was visited in the late 13th century by the Venetian traveler Marco Polo, who called it Kinsai, or Quinsay; it then had an estimated population of 1 million to 1.5 million.
why did the song dynasty shift to the south?
why did the song dynasty move south?In 1127, there was a military conflict between the Song Dynasty and the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234 AD) established by the Northern Jurchen ethnic group. The Song Dynasty was defeated and the emperor surrendered. The Song Dynasty lost a large area of land including the capital Bianjing. The new Song Dynasty emperor Zhao Gou was unable to To regain the land, the Song Dynasty could only be re-established in Lin’an (Hangzhou, Zhejiang) south of the Yangtze River, so the Song Dynasty was divided into the Northern Song Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty.